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Checks and Balances-Estes

Checks and Balances
by

Vincent Estes

on 22 June 2010

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Transcript of Checks and Balances-Estes

Checks & Balances Montesquieu believed that political freedom could be created by separating political powers into three different branches of government.
He then developed the political theory of 'checks and balances' which became a very important part of the American Constitution. Montesquieu James Madison James Madison incorporated checks and balances into the American Constitution. Constitution attempted to limit powers of central government through intricate checks and balances. A key principle was separation of powers: those who make the laws, enforce the laws, and interpret the laws should be substantially independent and capable of limiting each others power. The two houses of Congress provide a check on each other. The President can veto, or reject, legislation, but a two-thirds majority in both houses can override his veto. The judiciary can strike down laws that are considered unconstitutional. Thank You These three branches are not entirely separate nor completely independent of one another; rather they are tied together by a complex system of checks and balances. This means that each branch is subject to a number of constitutional checks, or restraints, by the other branches. The President is the commander in chief of the armed forces, but Congress provides that military force. The President has the power to name all federal judges, however, each appointment must be approved by a majority vote in the Senate. The checks and balances system operates all the time, and in a routine fashion.
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