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War is Kind By: Stephen Crane

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kiran chaudhary

on 16 January 2013

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Transcript of War is Kind By: Stephen Crane

War is Kind Stephen Crane Structure Figurative Language Interpretation:
-starts with a story of a mother that recieves the news of her son's death
- word usage: "maiden and babe"
- Imagery helps emotional appeal
-1st, 3rd and final stanza present a false view on war
- 2nd and 4th stanza, reality
- sarcasm and irony help get Crane's idea across
"war is kind" Interpretation continued..
- -5 Stanzas
-Lines in each stanza differ: 5,6,5,6,4
-Rhyme Scheme: ABCDE ABCDDC ABACA ABCDEC AABC
-->No meter and little rhyme
-FREE VERSE
-The structure follows three different people who know someone in the war. 1,3, and 5 tell their stores while 2 and 4 act as a "chorus" by giving the overral truth about war
-What does the structure of the poem mean?
--> Well, there is no structure. The poem seems chaotic and misleading, kind of like war.
--> Crane uses the structure to add to the overall meaning of the poem Sound Devices Imagery -Author tries to console those who have lost
someone in war, but not in a glorious manner

-tells harsh reality

- Crane asks reader to reevaluate war as being
full of pride and patriotism Do not weep, maiden, for war is kind,
Because your lover threw wild hands toward the sky
And the affrighted steed ran on alone,
Do not weep.
War is kind.

Hoarse, booming drums of the regiment,
Little souls who thirst for fight,
These men were born to drill and die.
The unexplained glory flies above them.
Great is the battle-god, great, and his kingdom--
A field where a thousand corpses lie.

Do not weep, babe, for war is kind.
Because your father tumbles in the yellow trenches,
Raged at his breast, gulped and died,
Do not weep.
War is kind.

Swift blazing flag of the regiment,
Eagle with crest of red and gold,
These men were born to drill and die.
Point for them the virtue of slaughter,
Make plain to them the excellence of killing
And a field where a thousand corpses lie.

Mother whose heart hung humble as a button
On the bright splendid shroud of your son,
Do not weep.
War is kind! Background:
- Published less than a
year before he died
- Ex Soldier - traumatized by war during his years as a journalist going to Greece, Asia, and seeing the effects worldwide Irony Irony is used throughout this poem to show the two sides of the war. Some view the war as an honor while others believe it is a cruel place where loved ones are lost. Because Crane uses irony, the reader is able to understand his point of view and to understand the overall message of the poem Onomatopoeia -line 6: "hoarse, booming drums of the regiment"
-line 8: "drill and die"
-line 14: "gulped" Alliteration -line 8: "drill and die"
-line 10: "Great is the battle-god, great"
-line 23: "heart hung humble" Assonance -lines 9 and 10: "them" and "kingdom"
-lines 14 and 16: "died" and "kind" Why? -Sound devices, along with imagery, help complete the image of the scene. These negative words help the reader imagine the tradegies of war. This relates to the overall meaning: war isn't glorious -line 2: "Your lover threw wild hands toward the sky"
-line 13: "Tumbles in yellow trenches"
-line 14: "Raged at his breast, gulped, and died"
-line 22: "field where a thousand corpses lie" Repition -"Do not weep, war is kind" (repeated 5 times) Symbolism -line 3: "the affrighted steed ran on alone"
could represent the scared maiden who is now by herself Oxymoron -title: "War is kind"
-line 20: "Virtue of slaughter"
-line 21: "excellence of killing"
-line 24: "bright splendid shroud" Analysis of Figurative Language Just like the sound devices, the imagery is used to appeal to the readers' senses. Readers are able to view how horrible war really is by using images. This connects to the irony of the poem. Imagery Repition Allows readers to remember the overall irony of the poem. The characters in the poem are expected to stay strong and are told "do not weep" because "war is kind". When readers repeatedly read this, they understand the sarcastic tone Crane is trying to display. Oxymoron Adds to the meaning of the poem. Words like "splendid shroud" should not be placed together. The harsh contrast of the words shows two different views: The glory and truth. Crane uses paradoxes for readers to understand his point of view about war which reveals his sarcastic tone. 3 types of irony: verbal, dramatic , and situational When a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning.
-->This type of irony is used in the poem Verbal Irony: Dramatic Irony: A situation where a character is unaware of something the audience knows Situational Irony: An occasion in which the outcome is significantly different from what was expected or considered appropriate
Full transcript