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cycle BOOM so far: UK-Ireland Planning Research Conference Sept 10 2014

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Ben Spencer

on 12 September 2014

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Transcript of cycle BOOM so far: UK-Ireland Planning Research Conference Sept 10 2014

A study to understand cycling among the older population in the UK and how this affects independence, health and wellbeing


bjectives
Understanding how the design of our towns and cities, and bicycle technology is shaping older people's experience of cycling
Creating a toolkit for UK policy makers and practitioners to enable more cycling by older people
HOW?
WHO?

WHAT?

ANALYSING
Success in encouraging cycling in two European cities
REVIEWING
INTERVIEWING
Older people about cycling in their lives
OBSERVING AND RECORDING
Older people's cycle journeys
TRIALLING
Electric bikes and their benefits compared with regular cycling
People aged 50-59 and 60+
PROJECT MENTOR
: Professor Colin Pooley
Website
www.cycleboom.org
Twitter
Blog
Newsletters/
Articles
Seminars/
Conference Presentations/
Schools
Documentary film
IMPACT
Developing more socially inclusive neighbourhoods, towns and cities
Developing a more sustainable, healthy and inclusive transport system
Designing products suited to the growing market of older people
Developing novel research methods and new understanding of cycling
'For too long the focus has been on advising individuals to take an active approach to life. There has been far too little consideration of the social and physical environments that enable such activity to be taken.'

Pamela Das and Richard Horton 'Rethinking our approach to physical activity' (2012) The Lancet, Vol 380, No.9838, 2012, p187.

Funded by the Lifelong Health and Wellbeing
UK research council programme
Grant No. EP/K037242/1
"I think Boris has a good view of the young, male 'Tour de France' cyclist but not the everyday cycling grandmother"
Jan Gehl on
Boris Johnson, Mayor of London
UK attitudes to cycling by age
Department for Transport Climate change and transport choices Segmentation Model 2009-10
Knowledge of cycling in older age and its impact
WHERE?
ENGAGEMENT
IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY
But... older cyclists are vastly
under-represented in the UK

Cycling may contribute to physical & mental health and to wellbeing through:
Access to activities outside the home
A sense of independence and control
Opportunities for social engagement
Physical activity
... there is little understanding of older people's cycling - older people perceived as lacking ability to cycle

... lack of policy discourse on older cycling – focus on cycle commuting, buses and walking
Infrastructure projects focus on instrumental facets – direct, time saving...

... and typically ignore the experiential component - affect
Existing policy and guidance: national and local

Ben Spencer | Oxford Brookes University
UK-Ireland Planning Research Conference
10 September 2014 | Oxford Brookes University
Proportion of overall journeys
by bicycle, over 65s
Populations ageing across the EU
Increasing focus on ‘healthy ageing’

REVIEWING
DEVELOPING
An urban design audit tool and vocabulary
Responding to the call by Ann Forsyth and Kevin Krizek
“…to take the experience of cycling seriously in
urban design. This involves moving beyond a concern with safe and convenient facilities and complete networks to a more substantial interest in the experience of the environment from a cyclist’s point of view.”

Ann Forsyth & Kevin Krizek (2011)
Urban Design: Is there a Distinctive View from the Bicycle? Journal of Urban Design, 16:4, 531-549, DOI: 10.1080/13574809.2011.586239
Very limited inclusion of cycling (DCLG, 2011)
Improved e-bike technology
INITIAL FINDINGS
Cycling pathways:

Heterogeneous
discovered | rediscovered | (dis)continued

Constrained
body | gender | geography

Resilient
enduring | adapting | imparting

INITIAL FINDINGS
Cycling observations:

Performance
Law-abiding | avoid conflict | considerate

Practice
unhurried | challenged - ‘keeping up with the flow’ | manoeuvres ‘amplified’

Experience
Adopt coping strategies to enhance and prolong cycling – space | time | technology - seek pleasure

Using Google Street View
EEG recording
Videoing rides
Binaural audio
Proximity
Observing rides
Post-ride interview
Analysing data
Videoing cycle ride in Bristol
Post-ride interview video
Waymarked route, Cardiff
Initial mental tasks
Final mental tasks
GPS recording
Diary
Full transcript