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CMIN 201 (Sp '15) T09 - World Religions

Copied from THEO 403 (was T02 - Traditional Religions)
by

Hartmut Scherer

on 19 May 2016

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Transcript of CMIN 201 (Sp '15) T09 - World Religions

God reveals his purposes in broad strokes
-
-
Folk/Traditional Religions
Marks of Formal Religions
They claim to offer
universal cosmic truth
highly institutionalized
They have written texts, defined theologies, temples, etc.
They are led by trained religious
specialists
http://viewology.net/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/Penang-Kek-Lol-SI-14-450x550.jpg
Marks of Traditional / Folk Religion
refers to the religious beliefs and practices of the
common
people.
Small Kin-based Societies
Large-scale Societies
Religion is shared by all
the members of the community
Each society
has its
own gods
, ancestors, lands, and people
Local forms of
formal religion
are
only a part
of their lives
Common people
are dealing with the crises of their
everyday existence
Common people turn to
local beliefs
and
practices
Key Questions of Formal Religions
- Where do I come from? (
origin
)
Key Questions of Folk Religions
Righteousness
and justice and the problem of
evil
and injustice
Knowledge
to decide and the problem of the
unknown
Well-being
in this life and the problem of
misfortunes
Meaning
in this
life
and the problem of
death
Synchronic
meaning in being,
Diachronic
meaning is given to life through
The
real questions about death
are:
Misfortune
is related to ancestors, demons, witches, local gods, magic and astrology
A Christian response:
In Christ we have a . . .
A Christian response:
A Christian response:
-
health
in Scripture
->
In order to guarantee success,
God speaks to humans in:
-
-
Why is there injustice and why am I wronged?
Some misconceptions
about divine guidance
Humans must guess God's will.
God's will is one option among many.
God has only one perfect plan for his children.
A magical approach to divine guidance.
God makes all decisions for his children.
It is not enough to say that this will never happen to Christ followers
We need to have a
biblical view
of sin and holiness, of purity and pollution.
Some guidelines:
Local churches should be
caring
and
healing communities
Christians must
model a biblical response
to injustice
God can use
suffering for good
.
We are called to
share
in the
sufferings of Christ
The
end
of the human story is not suffering, but
joy
The church is to
speak out against
all the
sin
How do we relate the gospel to folk religious people?
Christianity began as a folk movement -> don't try to stamp them out!
The heart of the gospel is people.
Fear
is one of the
greatest barriers
to become a true Christ-follower
Bring them under the
lordship of Christ
- Why do I exist? (
purpose
)
- What will be my end? (
destiny
)
in becoming,
in belonging,
in having a home,
in doing
and possessions
new
identity
,
new
community
,
new
home
on earth,
new
gifting
new
view of possessions
personal stories,
group stories,
and cosmic drama
Why and why now?
How will this affect me and my family?
- new meaning in death
as their
loved ones meet
Christ
and
fulfill
their
salvation
;
- share
Christ's victory

over death and the
hope of
eternal life
show them how their lives are
part of God's cosmic story
Adversity
Choose a belief system ("toolbox") to explain it
Diagnose the cause using this system
Select a remedy and apply it
shalom
Example:
You want to become successful.
How can you achieve this?
Western solution:
Hard work and careful planning
Japanese solution:
Visit the Hozenji temple for business success
Christian response:
-
minister
to the people
in crisis (! magic !)
- a
theology of suffering
-
trinitarian view of God
understandable
ways
different
ways (changes
as people grow in faith)
Discernment
is key.
some
seek hidden knowledge
from gods, spirits, and ancestors
Divine Guidance
Two general principles of divine guidance
God opens and closes doors through circumstances
his word
community of faith
All Christ followers need to learn to dependent on God
!
How do you respond to someone who likes to read his/her horoscope?
Full transcript