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PLM and Additive Manufacturing
Transcript of PLM and Additive Manufacturing
Printing with paste from 3D printer
New iterative loops in Manufacturing and Engineering creating faster iteration on design and manufacturing and lower distribution and overall life cycle cost
Army research into 3D printing food for forward deployed soldiers
Quickly producing a physical object by adding material substrate, using a three dimensional CAD model as a blueprint.
PLM and Additive Manufacturing
Additive Manufacturing at Every Step
Unlike many technologies, implementing additive manufacturing into PLM has an impact on every step of the process
International Space Station
or the story of 3D printing
Also known as: Rapid Prototyping, layered printing, 3D Printing
light hardening liquid polymer
Fused Deposit Manufacturing (FDM) -
thermoplastics - wire filament or granular particles
Liquid extrusion -
pastes, food, plasters, ink
paper or other flat cut material
Granular binding -
lasers and electronic beams (titanium)
With Additive Manufacturing
Analysis and Planning
New Iterative Loop
Reduces time between
prototype and design
iterative cycles based
learned from prototype
Recycled material can be reused during the manufacture of the next generation products or remanufactured into other 3D printable material and sold as a new product
Requirements for manufacturing using an additive method must be taken into account.
New processes may require a redesign of the part or process.
New designs are now possible using including:
Part in part (pre-assembly)
Customization during manufacture
Prototypes can be made hours after the design process is complete and in distributed locations - like the design studio without waiting for costly and slow manufacturing processes
Retooling can be accomplished by using additive manufacturing to build new tool sets
Additive Manufacturing can cut down or eliminate the need to retool if an additive manufacturing step or steps are used
Producing components using additive manufacturing techniques can save energy, material, and the environment.
Distribution is simplified and expedited using a electronic methods to deliver CAD models to be printed at the source.
This reduced delivery time and transportation cost
Distribution to remote locations is also possible.
Completely customized products can be created for each individual.
Limited production runs are now economical as a result of nearly flat production cost for each part.
"[3D Printed Titanium parts] can be as strong as a machined part but use only 10% of the raw material..."
- The Economist , April 2012
"A Boeing F-18 fighter contains a number of printed parts such as air ducts..."
Open for Business: @NASA3DPrinter creates first object in space on @Space_Station:
- @NASA via Twitter
Audi 3D printed a prototype of their RSQ concept for the movie i-Robot
Sensors on the soldier would monitor nutrient levels in the body and report information to computers to customize food for the soldier
Remote updates to nutrition plan
More efficient calorie consumption
Healthier, more effective Soldiers
Every year the Army spends approximately
on logistics including food transport
Custom Nutrition per Meal
- individualized for current need
Current Military Food
Expected deployment by 2025
Lower cost transportation
- generic ingredients and nutrients
- on-demand food prep
New menu items
- remote updates
-change what doesn't work
One print run - fully working motor directly from the printer: on centimeter scale
Liquid extrusion of Magnetic Polymer Paste using Fab@Home Model III 3D Printer
Two Material Inductor
$10,000/lb launch cost for Earth orbit
Manufacturing from recycled debris could reduce the amount spent on sending material into space by an order of magnitude
Rapid prototyping allows CAD files to be sent remotely, parts are manufactured on demand saving launch costs and storage space
Resupply missions: Once a month
...and we're currently
the logistics support...
What’s in an MRE (Meal Ready-to-Eat?
According to the United States Armed Forces, a MRE provides an average of 1,250 calories (13 percent protein, 36 percent fat, and 51 percent carbohydrates) and one-third of the Military Recommended Daily Allowance of vitamins and minerals.
Design and Requirements
ISS On Board
Manufacturing and recycling
Additive manufacturing of components in space
Models uploaded as needed
Recycling of in-orbit debris
PLM Disposal of previously manufactured items
Dual benefit: Cheaper material cost
Disposal of space debris
Manufacturing is monitored
Materials that need to be replenished are be sent via resupply missions
Excess recycled materials are transported back to earth
Redesigns and live updates are pushed to the database and can be manufactured in hours after they go live
International collaboration by allowing access to files remotely
Parts need redesign to be compatible with additive manufacturing and materials found in space debris
account, NaSAVerified. “Open for Business: @NASA3DPrinter Creates First Object in Space on @Space_Station: Http://www.nasa.gov/content/open-for-Business-3-D-Printer-Creates-First-Object-in-Space-on-International-Space-Station/ … pic.twitter.com/eFWVL3V4JE.” Microblog, November 25, 2014. https://twitter.com/nasa.
“Army: Hot Breakfasts in Afghanistan Cut due to Logistics, Not Budget.” Accessed December 8, 2014. http://eatocracy.cnn.com/2013/01/30/army-hot-breakfasts-in-afghanistan-cut-due-to-logistics-not-budget/.
“Audi RSQ.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, December 3, 2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Audi_RSQ&oldid=605123320.
“Chow from a 3-D Printer? Natick Researchers Are Working on It | Article | The United States Army.” Accessed December 8, 2014. http://www.army.mil/article/130154/.
“NASA - Advanced Space Transportation Program Fact Sheet.” Accessed December 8, 2014. http://www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/news/background/facts/astp.html_prt.htm.
Shahani, Aarti. “Army Eyes 3-D Printed Food For Soldiers.” NPR.org. Accessed December 8, 2014. http://www.npr.org/blogs/alltechconsidered/2014/11/04/361187352/army-eyes-3d-printed-food-for-soldiers.
“Solid Print.” The Economist, April 21, 2012. http://www.economist.com/node/21552892.
“We Need to Keep Printer Manufacturers Away from Filament.” 3D Genius - The Home of 3D Printing. Accessed December 8, 2014. http://www.3dgeni.us/we-need-to-keep-printer-manufacturers-away-from-filament/.
NASA and ISS