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Chronicle of a Death Foretold - Gabriel Garcia Marquez

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Kshitij Kulkarni

on 18 October 2013

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Transcript of Chronicle of a Death Foretold - Gabriel Garcia Marquez

BIG PICTURE:
TIME IS IMPORTANT

Chronicle of a Death Foretold - Marquez
Influence of Time on the Journalistic Evaluations of the Narrator
Time and setting
Time – Year in which novel takes place changes often. Novel includes accounts of day from many years later.

Place – Hispanic view of time very different from most other cultures. Latin Americans, including Columbians, believe in living exclusively in the present and focusing only on the here and now. This resulted in the spontaneity in many of the characters' actions.
Columbia is also a very Catholic country. This caused the arrival of the bishop on the day of the murder to affect many aspects of the story.

Easy/difficult to understand
Difficult
Differentiating the truth
Easy
Why the accounts were conflicting
Connections to culture
Indian culture : time is essential for all religious events to happen
Technique in the Work
Throughout the novel, Chronicle of a Death Foretold by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, there were quite an amount of interesting aspects. The literary devices used in the novel helped bring those interesting qualities easier to capture. Some of the literary devices used were foreshadowing, similes, and symbolism. And these devices help bring out the topic of the influence of time on the journalistic evaluation of the murder by the narrator.
Difficult Part 1
o “Placida Linero had locked that door at the last moment, but with the passage of time she freed herself from blame. ‘I locked it because Divina Flor had sworn to me that she’d seen my son come in,’ she told me, ‘and it wasn’t true.’” (Marquez 97-98)
Difficult Part 2
o “She only took the time necessary to say the name. She looked for it in the shadows, she found it at first sight among the many, many easily confused names from this world and the other, and she nailed it to the wall with her well-aimed dart, like a butterfly with no will whose sentence has always been written.” (Marquez 47)
Relevance to our world
o Understanding this in our world: George Zimmerman’s Court Case (Gutman and Tenabesco 2013)
Easy Part 1
o “Placida Linero, his mother told me twenty- seven years later, recalling the details of that distressing Monday.” (Marquez 3)
Easy Part 2
o “According to what they have told me years later, they had begun by looking for him at Maria Alejandrina Cervantes’s place…” (Marquez 49)
Relevance
o Episodic Memory (University of California, San Francisco)
1) “He already looked like a ghost” (Pg. 15 Chapter 1).
2) “No matter what, he’s as good as dead already” (Pg.102 Chapter 5).
3) “There’s no way out of this…it’s as if it had already happened” (Pg.61 Chapter 3).
4) “He was dressed in white linen that had been washed in plain water because his skin was so delicate that it couldn’t stand the noise of starch” (Pg.7 Chapter 1).
Relation to Creation
Discussion
What literary device was essential in the novel that related to time and why?
“No one could understand such fatal coincidences. The investigating judge who came from Riohacha must have sensed them without daring to admit it, for his impulse to give them a rational explanation was obvious in his report.” (Marquez 12)
Time
“I had a very confused memory of the festival before I decided to rescue it piece by piece from the memory of others.” (Marquez 43)
Time
Time
“According to what they had told me years later, they had begun looking for him at Maria Alejandrina Cervantes’s place, where they had been with him until two o'clock. That fact, like many others, was not reported in the brief. Actually, Santiago Nasar was no longer there at the time the twins said they were looking for him, but in any case, it wasn't certain that they'd gone.” (Marquez 50)
Time
“Faustino Santos told me that he'd still been doubtful, and that he reported it to a policeman who came by a little later to buy a pound of liver for the mayor's breakfast. The policeman, according to the brief, was named Leandro Pornoy, and he died the following year, gored in the jugular vein by a bull during the national holidays, so I was never able to talk to him.” (Marquez 53)
Place
“Most Hispanics believe God is in control. Since tomorrow is not in their hands, they live today to the fullest. They take advantage of the here and now; now is more important than later. Thus the Hispanic concept of time is very different from that of cultures whose life orientation is towards the future. In the Hispanic culture, life orientation is towards the present, today. For this reason time does not play an important role in everyday life.” (Morales-Jones, FAU associate professor)
Place
“If it hadn't been for the bishop's arrival, he would have dressed in his khaki outfit and the riding boots he wore on Mondays to go to The Divine Face,” (Marquez 5)
Place
“'I made up my mind to say something in passing to Placida Linero.' Yet when he crossed the square, he'd forgotten completely. 'You have to understand,' he told me, 'that the bishop was coming on that unfortunate day.'” (Marquez 70)
Place
“Cristo Bedoya, who went on to become a surgeon of renown, never managed to explain to himself why he gave in to the impulse to spend two hours at his grandparents' house until the bishop came instead of going to rest at his parents', who had been waiting for him since dawn to warn him.” (Marquez 97)
Place
“Cristo Bedoya then made his only mortal mistake: he thought that Santiago Nasar had decided at the last moment to have breakfast at our house before changing his clothes, and he went to look for him there.” (Marquez 110)
Yugas
“He already looked like a ghost” (Pg. 15 Chapter 1).
Connection to spirits
Death and time
“He was dressed in white linen" (Page 7 Chapter 1).
Discussion
What aspect of the setting had the greatest effect on the story?
Recalling events
“Placida Linero, his mother told me twenty- seven years later, recalling the details of that distressing Monday.” (Marquez 3)
Discussion
How has time influenced the development of your culture and how do you perceive the importance of time?
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