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Unit 3 : Citizenship, Diversity and the Public Services
Transcript of Unit 3 : Citizenship, Diversity and the Public Services
There are two ways of looking at citizens
Becoming a Citizen
1 - Understand the meaning and benefits of citizenship and diversity.
2- Know the legal and Humanitarian rights that protect citizens and promote diversity.
3- Understand the role of the public services in enforcing diversity and providing equality of service.
4- Be able to investigate current affairs, media and support.
Gain the knowledge, skills, attitude and values to become thoughtful and informed citizens and public service employees.
Unit 3 : Citizenship, Diversity and the Public Services
What might make you a citizen in the UK ?
If you are over 18 and have lived in the UK for over 5 years you can apply to be come a British citizen.
Develop an awareness of rights and responsibilities and respect for different religious, ethnic and national groups within UK society
A citizen is someone who is a member of a political community or state - such as the UK.
Your place of birth
Where you live
If you are a taxpayer
If you work
If you are eligible to vote
What community activities you take part in
Not everyone who is born in a country can be a citizen of it since their parents may not be from that country.
Find as many diversity words as you can
There is a total of 12
You have all the legal requirements to claim nationality in a country and have the right to live there.
What do you think might make you a legal citizen?
If your parents are a British citizen
If you live in Britain for the first 10 years of your life.
Moral and Political 'citizen'
How a person should behave in communities and society.
What do you think makes a person a moral citizen?
Checking on elderly neighbours
Picking up litter.
Part of the application is the 'life' test. This test is 24 questions for which you get 45minutes and must get 75% correct.
How would you do?
Answer the questions from the life test.
Did you pass?
24/24 = 100%
21/24 = 90%
20/24 = 85%
18/24 = 75%
16/24 = 70%
14/24 = 60%
12/24 = 50%
9/24 = 40%
7/24 = 30%
Becoming a British citizen by taking the life test is called
There are 6 types of British citizenship. if you are a British citizen you have the right to live in the UK permanently and can leave and re-enter at anytime.
Born in the UK
Parents are British citizens
Registered to be a British citizen
Applied to become a British citizen
This is the only group who have the right to permanently live in the UK and enjoy freedom of movement throughout the EU
Territories citizens (BDTC)
People who live in British colonies which the UK has responsibility for.
British Virgin Islands
British Overseas Citizen (BOC)
These are groups of people who have a connection with the UK because they lived in a former British colony that is now independent.
British Nationals (overseas) (BNO)
People from Hong Kong were given the chance to acquire this status as many were unhappy at the thought of losing British nationality when Hong Kong was returned to China in 1997
Individuals who have a connection with a former British Protectorate- a country Britain used to protect such as Brunei - a small country in Borneo.
Individuals who were British Subjects under the 1948 British Nationality Act were allocated to keep their status. Applies to citizens of India who had strong links to the UK
If you do not fall in to one of the 6 categories you can still apply to be a British citizen
Already have some connection with the UK.
Individuals who have no connection to the UK
Must be over 18
Be of sound mind
Be of good character
Have good knowledge of English, Welsh or Scottish Gaelic
The Government have focused around three main elements to define moral citizenship.
Social and moral responsibility
The development of behaviour that is respectful to others
Having an understanding that you have a responsibility towards those in your community and those to you. ensuring that you all have safe and productive lives.
What could you do to show responsibility to your community?
Taking an interest in your community and becoming involved with the life and concerns of your neighbourhood.
Understanding the political life of society locally, regionally and nationally.
You should know about the way local and national governments work and understand your role in the democracy.
It gives you the power to decide how the UK is run.
More than 70% of over 65s voted in 2010 where only 44% of 18-24 year olds
If you were sucessful you would have a citizenship ceremony where you would take an oath to the UK
Qualities of a good citizen
Responsibility - A good citizen takes personal responsibility to their community. Eg, They do not moan about litter they go and pick it up themselves
Write 9 more things that make a good citizen
Public services view of citizenship
Who should live here?
Why do we have these views?
The public services define moral and political citizenship the same as the government but also includes some public service aspects.
Public Services view of citizenship
Taking responsibility for the safety of others
Taking responsibility for the safety of the safety of the environment
A commitment to continually develop life skills
A positive attitude that welcomes challenges
Respect for equality and diversity
An interest in wider society
A commitment to making society a better place for all citizens
To describe something in detail
To write about a subject in detail
Disscuss the topic and form an opinion
To break down a subject and examine it.
What is good
Was is bad
Why are the strengths strengths ?
Why are the weaknesses weaknesses ?
Are there any ways improvements can be made?
What are your opinions and judgements ?
Bring it together and conclude
What are you going to include in each section?
The legal and human rights that protect citizens and promote diversity
Human rights are certain things that an individual is entitled to have or do based on principles and justice
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Although the UDHR provides an idealised list of rights, it is not Law and many nations do not abide by them.
Human Rights Act 1998
Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984
In the UK we have a number of pieces of legislation which set out the law
Data Protection Act 1998
Freedom of information Act 2000
Equal Pay Act 1970 and 1983
Sex discriminations Act 1975
Race relations Act 1976
Disability Discrimination Act 1995
Employment Equality Regulations 2003 and 2006
Swiss citizen - Henry Dunant
Horrified at the number of soldiers who lay dying and wounded with no one to help them
The Red Cross
Recognised as neutral in any conflict
First and Second Geneva Conventions
The sick and wounded must be cared for adequately.
Each side must treat the enemy wounded as carefully as they would if they were there own.
The dead should be collected quickly.
The dead should be identified quickly and protected from robbery.
Medical personnel and establishments should not be attacked.
Third Geneva Convention
If a member of the armed forces becomes a POW:
Do not have to provide any information other than their name, ranks and service number.
Must be treated humanely
Must be able to inform their next of kin and the Red cross of their capture
Must be allowed to correspond with their family
Must be supplied with adequate food and clothing
Must be provided with medical care
The Forth Geneva Convention
Protected civilians MUST be :
Allowed to practice religion
Protected civilians MUST NOT be
Discriminated against because of race, religion or political opinion
Forced to give information
Raped, assaulted or forced into prostitution
Punished for offences they have not committed
In groups of 4.
Plan a discussion that describes the legal and human rights that protect citizens in the UK.
Analyse the effectiveness of these to protect citizens of the UK.
If you can use examples of where these have been used.
Understand the role of public services in enforcing diversity and providing equality
Watch this video...which human rights have been breached.
Write as many as you can down.
Choose an Act which is relevant where you can
Polices and Procedures:
Bullying and harassment at work
complaints procedures for service users
Catering for employee needs through support mechanisms
Please get out your text books and turn to page 99 - have a look at the support mechanisms, discuss with the people next to you what each of these are and how they work.
Complete the activity
Complete the case study on page 100
Equality of service
The public services have a duty to make sure that everyone can access their services.
Leaflets and website availability in different languages.
Choose a service and see what languages you can find the website in
Information in audio and braille
Write your name in braille I will then collect them in and lets see if we can get them back to the correct person.
Ensuring Buildings are Accessible
With the person next to you draw a building with features that make it accessible
Developing a diverse work force to represent the community as a whole.
Specialist training on issues of religion, culture and disability
Find out something you may need to consider when dealing with a member of the public from a religion of your choice, a culture of your choice and a disability of your choice.
Use of a text phone for those with hearing difficulties.
Use of an interpreter
Using an online translator translate the following into a language you have never spoken before.
Hello I am from the police, do you need any help?
Now translate this into sign language
National issues that affect the operation of the public services.
Asylum seekers are individuals and families that have had to flee their home because they are under threat of harm in their own country.
Illegal immigrants are those who have not gone through the legal process of living in the UK because they would not meet the criteria.
Discrimination in society and the public services.
Being treated unfairly due to gender, ethnicity or disability.
In small groups discuss where/why you might have been discriminated against in the past and how this has changed now? legislation?
These are measured using the National Census. Find out about the Census and what the latest data tells us.
Find out about Absolute poverty, Relative poverty and Subjective poverty.
Research the meanings of the following concepts :
Rights and responsibilities
Equal opportunities and positive action on inclusion
Corporate social responsibility
Benefits of a ‘good citizen’
challenging injustice and making a positive difference to effect fairness and to improve society
the volunteer working in public services
volunteers in the community
adding value to society and supporting society
protecting the environment