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Mexico with paths

mexico
by

Sonja Eisenzimmer

on 1 December 2014

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Transcript of Mexico with paths

MEXICO
Legislative
Executive
Economy, and indistrial growth
Forign influence
1. fact/statement
2. why/what is the intended purpose
3. Has it stuck to intended purpose
4. What is its effect on policy outcome
Post PRI (1997-Present)
Felipe Calderon
Characteristics
Maintain status quo, not change it
"Reactive Player"
Decrees
Weak
Coalitions in legislature
Basic Powers
Appointing positions (attorney general, cabinet
members, etc.)
Power over military, declare war & peace
Issuing decrees
nominating supreme court justices
Veto powers
Introduce bills to congress
Case Studies
President Zedillo and his
87.5% success rate in congress
2004 supreme court ruling
of presidential decree over congress
Policy Making Process
Policy Making in Mexico
Presidencialismo
TWO
THREE
ONE
1950's to 1990's
Single Party, hegemonic rule
The Intitutional Revolutinay Rule (PRI)
Three periods of the PRI era
- Stable devolopment
between 1950 and 1970
-A populist period from 1970
to 1981
-A period of crisis,
adjustment, and structural
reforms between 1982 and
1997
Judicial System: Presidencialismo
Manipulation of Supreme Court
The executive branch manipulated the Supreme Court through:
Appointment
Tenure
Presidents were allowed to appoint
justices with a simple senate majority,
which was generally automatic.
Between 1933 and 1995, all justices were
only appointed if they held a political position
beforehand. This created the decision making
of justices to be biased, depending on what party
they were affiliated with.
Changed 3 times:
Lifetime
6 years
Presidents also had power to renew at least 40% of members
why?
Effect on Policymaking?
Smooth Policy making process
ONLY in a sense that there were no
roadblocks to the executive's total control
over policy making, whether lawful or not.
BUT
Creates democratic instability by:
taking away an independent judicial sytem.
This ultimately takes away a major check on policy making.
manipulating the court.
The 6 year term for justices causes them to make biased
decisions in order to sustain their position.
Divided Government
PRI or Pre 1997
Congress
Not very powerful
Most legislation was drafted
in executive department.
why?
Ban on consecutive reelection
Powerful executive
The President changed the lifetime tenure to 6
years in order to create polarization of power towards
executive.
Later, the legislature changed the tenure back to lifetime,
to try and restore checks and balances.
Limited Judicial Power
Amparo Suit
The court's most powerful means of reviewing
the constitutionality of norms and laws.
This gave the court some power, but prevented
the court from ruling on religious freedom, education,
voting rights and the implementation of electoral rules, and the right to challenge presidential desicions on the expropriation of land.
Amparo, which means protection, gave protection only to the president.
The rarely defied the PRI in politically sensitive
areas.
During the 1960s, amparos were invoked on the crime of
"social dissolution" this is basically a broad category the penalized the
actions of political dissent. These cases were almost immediately dismissed.
The court also refused to hear an case that touched upon matters of
voting rights.
By limiting the ability of supreme court judges to
rule on matters that impinge on human rights, and
impacting the ability to partake in checks and balances,
you therefore weaken the judicial system by taking away
independence.
why?
therefore...
Effect on Policymaking?
Policies were biased
Power was polarized
even more to the president.
Judiciary was unable to
fill their fundamental role of
balancing power and ensuring
justice.
Change to divided government
Because of the polarization of power
toward the executive, decisions were only
made in the interest of corporatist sectors.
This eventually caused dissatisfaction with
the system, as well as recurrent economic and
social crises.
Political protest and economic reform led to
the development of a multiparty system.
5th weakest
2005
New Organic Law of Congress
Ban on consecutive re-elections
Centralized Policy making
Removal of members at any time
without consultation
Effects on Policymaking
limits congressional capabilities
Weak standing committee role
Lack of information
Harder for members to succeed
Economy During PRI Rule (1950-1997)
1950-1981- economic growth rate averaged 6.1 % during this time
Inflation was very low
1982-1988- very little growth
in economy during this time frame
(.1%). Characterized by high rates
of inlation and unstable policy
Characteristics
1989-1997- Growth
stabilized to 2.6%, Inflation
low, public spending increasing
Inflation was caused by
spending to service
mounting foreign debts

worlwide growth
Mexico's War On Drugs
Polices to Fight Drug Cartel
2007- Extraditions of Criminals
2007- Eradication fo Drug Operations
Policies to combine security forces (PFP and AFI)
2008- Calderon proposes a package of security reforms
2008- Judicial Reforms
2009- Security tightened at US border
2010- Calderon announces plan for new policy addressing social issues
Calderon's Efforts
Despite the growing war against drugs, key cities such as ciudad juarez have increasing violence.
Public response to Calderon's visits are unwelcoming.
Calderon and other authorities are forced to question effectiveness of policies.
The casulties, currently at 10, 031, are growing at a steady rate. Felipe Calderon's claims that he is attacking social issues along with increasing military presence to fight the war, but the public doesn't see an imporvement in drug crimes.
The progress from Calderon's policies is hard to see. As a result, Obama questions his results.

In Cuidad Juarez, calderon's plan to decrease drug crimes by increasing military presence backfires.
Ineffective Policies
LOOK HERE!
Does your section follow this framwork?
Hey Group...
Economy After PRI
(1997-Present)

Economy Stababized
NAFTA Passed
Rural Poor still Ignored

PRD
Social redistribution
Splinter group of the PRI
Created in 1988
PAN

Ended the 70 year rule of the PRI

More open polictical system

Vicente Fox elected

PRI
Authoritarian System
Dominant party (1929-2000)
Public policy was stable
Rigid and private policies

Politicial Parties in Mexico
Industrial Revolutionary Party ( PRI)
National Action Party (PAN)
Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD)

POLICYMAKING IN MEXICO
Mexico City with the Metropolitan Cathedral in the background
Double click anywhere & add an idea
Basic Information
Simple majority
Appoints and Dismisses
Members of Executive Branch
Governors on the local level
Next President
No Vice President
Single-term limits
70 year stronghold
Executive in Legislation
Always secured congressional approval of bills
The president consulted with corporatist leaders
before sending legislation to congress
President was cheif legislator
Limited Powers
Checked by PRI and corporatists
Stability in policies
Technically constitutionally weak
Narrowness
Secrecy
Corruption Pre-1997
Electoral fraud, voter suppression
and violence used
Petroleum revenues surged;
PRI benefitted
Conclusion
Executive Pre-1997
Full transcript