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Decolonization of the Democratic Republic of Congo

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Alexa Ignaczak

on 28 January 2014

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Transcript of Decolonization of the Democratic Republic of Congo

Since Decolonization...
Decolonization of the Democratic Republic of Congo
The process of decolonization of Belgian Congo first began in , when Africans ruled by Belgians were able to experience democracy for the first time.

However, by then a class of Westernized Africans ( ), eager to exercise their political rights beyond the urban arenas, had arisen.

Heavy demands during the two world wars and the profound psychological impact of postwar constitutional reforms created a climate of suited for the development of and activity.
June 30th, 1960
Six months later, on , the Congo formally acceded to independence and quickly descended into .
January 1960
In the Belgians had a round table conference with nationalists to discuss the independence and decolonization of Belgian Congo and how to successfully transfer power.

At the conference, they formally recognized independence as the ultimate goal of Belgian Congo's policies and decided to experiment with a method of
Joseph-Désiré Mobutu (Mobutu Sese Seko Nkuku Ngbendu Wa Za Banga):
brutal despot, who declared himself president in 1965 and ruled for . He sided with the US and Europe in Cold War, receiving massive amounts of foreign aid.

He also changed the name of the country to .
June 1960
Patrice Lumumba:
the of what became Democratic Republic of Congo. Lumumba was charismatic but sided with the Soviets during Cold War and was allegedly ordered to be assassinated by .
To the Present..
Shifting power
Civil warfare
Combatant murder
Rebel groups
and combined with the stress of the influx of Rwandan genocide refugees in 1994 lead to a massive of violent warfare and the of the Mobutu regime in 1997. Under new leadership, the country was renamed the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1998.
Decolonization Commences
January 4, 1959
The turning point in the process of decolonization of Belgian Congo came on when anti-European riots erupted
in resulting in the death of scores of Africans at the hands of the security forces.
Turning point
instant decolonization
June 30
first prime minister
Independent rule
Corrupt rule
Overthrow of Mobutu
Lingering issues in the DRC
"It has been noted that a choice weapon of warfare in the DRC, due to its affordability, is . The prevalence of rape and other sexual violence has been described as some of the worst in the world. The DRC has been voted as the #1 place on earth accommodating to women."
32 years
Ethnic Strife
civil war
social unrest
national sentiment
Full transcript