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Steps On Making A Bill A Law

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by

Jet Tan

on 20 November 2013

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Transcript of Steps On Making A Bill A Law

"Steps" On Making A Bill A Law
Introduction to the Senate
The bill is sent to the Senate and introduced to them. The bill has its
second reading
.
The
President of the senate
then sends the bill to a senate committee.
Presidential Action
When a bill reaches the President, he has three choices. He can sign and pass the bill and the bill becomes a law. He can refuse to sign, or
veto
, then the bill is sent back to the U.S. House of Representatives, along with the President’s reasons for the veto. If the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate still believe the bill should become a law, they can hold another vote on the bill. If two-thirds of the Representatives and Senators support the bill, the President’s veto is overridden and the bill becomes a law. Or the president can do nothing, other wise known as a
pocket veto
, if Congress is in session, the bill automatically becomes law after 10 days.
Introduction into the House Of Representatives
The bill is drafted and introduced by one member in The House of Representatives. The bill has its
first reading. The Speaker of the House
then sends the bill to a committee.
House Committee Action
The standing committee
will revise the bill and decide whether to make
amendments
on the bill before it is sent back to the floor. As soon as the bill is reported by all committees it is sent to a
subcommittee
. While in
subcommittee
, the bill is closely examined and expert opinions are gathered before it is sent back to the committee for approval. Then the bill is assigned a calendar date on either the
Union Calendar, Discharge Calendar, House Calendar, Private Calendar, or Corrections Calendar
by the
Rules Committee
. Then the House waits for the calender date to come for the bill. Sometimes a
discharge petition
or the means of bringing a bill out of committee and to the floor for consideration might happen instead.
House Floor Action
The bill might be
pigeonholed
also known as ignoring it by placing it aside or the calender date finally comes then the bill is debated, Representatives discuss the bill and explain why they agree or disagree with it, and make some changes or
amendments
. If the vote passes it is sent to the senate. The process could be sped up by having
Committee of the Whole
because it only needs 100 members and has less strict rules.
Senate Floor Action
Senators will discuss the bill and explain why they agree or disagree with it to convince people to
vote
for it or against it. Senators can also use methods like
filibustering (stalling for votes)
or call for a
cloture ( a procedure for ending a debate and taking a vote)
to influence the
votes
. If the
vote
passes the bill becomes an
engrossed bill
and is sent to president or it might cause a possible
joint committee
.
Senate Committee Action
The standing committee
in the senate will revise the bill or have a
discharge petition
and decide whether to make
amendments
on the bill with the help of
subcommittees
before it is sent back to the floor. The senate has one calendar for all of the bills.
Possible Joint Action Committee
Once both Senate and House of Representative have passed the bill. A conference committee of members from both the senate and the house or
joint committee
work out differences. They may add a
rider
or an additional provision added to a bill or other measure under the consideration by a legislature. After they finish the final bill it is sent to the president.
The Bill Finally Becomes a Law and out the door
Full transcript