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Vision of the Future: Libraries

A presentation on the future of libraries.
by

Christopher Desrochers

on 28 March 2014

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Transcript of Vision of the Future: Libraries

Vision of the Future: Libraries
The Library of Tomorrow
Library Space
Collection
Staff
Services
Augmented Reality
Overarching Trends
Reduced focus on physical media
Efficiency Improvements
Sharing
Networking
Collaboration
Focus on Experience
Elimination of barriers and greater integration between the digital and physical world
Increased focus on providing access to all forms of media
Increased Convenience
Reduction of the digital divide
Less content curation, more content creation.
Focus on community
Implications
Current and aging libraries will need to adapt.
Librarians will need to innovate and take bold risks.
By Christopher Desrochers
EDES 545: Information Technologies for Learning

Works Cited
Outline
The Library of Yesteryear
The Library of Tomorrow
Overarching Trends
Implications
Assisting the 21st Century Learner and Citizen

(Bryangreenland, 2012)
The Library of Yesteryear
Physical Media (e.g. clay tablets, books, manuscripts, and maps)
Focused on serving the rich in ancient times. Expanded services to the clergy and religious leaders in the middle ages. Began to serve everyone, including the illiterate in the latter half of the 19th century.
Evolved from closed parochial to lending libraries in the 18th century.
Primary job of librarian changed from one of maintaining the collection to one centered on assisting the user.
Limited access for those living far from a library.
(Lerner, 2009)
TEDxRainier
Chrystie Hill
Libraries present and future
(TEXxTalks, 2011)
Collection
Digital Content
Improves access for those living far from library buildings.
More convenient access for everyone.
Dynamic Content
All forms of Media
E-Books
Librarian
Librarians of the future: Lis Pardi at TEDxSomerville
(TEDxTalks, 2012)
Services
Allow borrowing privileges for and provide access to technology (e.g. E-Book readers, Tablets, Computers, Google Glass)
Digital Literacy and Media Creation Classes
Gaming and Virtual Events/Meetups
Increased sharing of reviews, comments, and suggestions between librarians and patrons
Tiered and crowdsourced reference services
Augmented Reality
Augmented reality (AR) “is the real world with the addition of computer-generated visual or auditory data.”
(Ekart, 2011, p. 36)
(Bezakor, 2009)
Library Space
Technology Hub
Wi-Fi Center
More study and lounge spaces
Fewer bookshelves
Meeting Place
Digital Repository
Place to gather, learn, and share knowledge and skills.
Community Creativity Hub
The Fayetteville Free Library in New York features a 3D printer that patrons can use to print plastic objects.
The Chicago public library has a YouMedia center where young adults can meet, talk informally, experiment with new technologies, and teach each other.
No longer a quiet place
(Hicks, 2013; Roberts, 2012)
“They’re resource centers; they’re a place where anyone in the community can come in and get the information that they need” (Cherry, 2013).
BiblioTech
World’s First Completely Paperless Public Library
(http://bexarbibliotech.org/)
(County of Bexar, 2013)
Dynamic Content
“If tablets become more ubiquitous as a media consumption device, I think it’s likely that a lot more e-books are going to encompass more than just the written word. Non-fiction e-books would probably include a lot more dynamic content — I can picture, for example, history books including links to original sources that can be consulted at leisure. I can picture mystery novels including mock-ups of clues, witness interviews, etc to help bring the reader into the story a little bit more. At first, such things will probably be more like easter eggs, but I wouldn’t be surprised to see dynamic content become more integrated into written stories themselves.” (Knapp, 2011)
E-Books
“Ebooks represent a shift from a culture of scarcity to a culture of abundance. In the past, publishing required a great deal of time and energy and resources for production. Books and magazines and newspapers needed a whole industry of typesetters, editors, designers, and ultimately publishers who would decide if a book was worthy of that effort. But ebooks can be published by anyone who can figure out how to use a computer.” (Gerrold, 2011)
(Amazon.com, 2012; Hicks, 2013)
(SkyreaderMedia, 2012)
Pip the Penguin: Skyreader’s Interactive E-Book
“So far, the ebook as a medium has been about the past. It’s been about books and magazines. But just as movies, radio, and television evolved into new forms over time, the ebook will also become something more than just a way to read books. It will become its own specific and unique way of creating and sharing experience.” (Gerrold, 2011)
Check out this podcast to find out!
Just click on the hyperlink below.
<http://spectrum.ieee.org/podcast/at-work/education/do-libraries-have-a-future>
(Cherry, 2013)
E-Books
ReadersFirst
"A movement to improve e-book access and services for public library users"
(http://readersfirst.org/)
(ReadersFirst, 2013)
(Fire, 2012)
(Excentrix Outsourcing, 2012)
Roles of the Future Librarian
Sentry – Ensure information provided is high quality.
Evaluator – Compare and recommend information.
Filter – Ensure patrons are offered relevant information.
Certifier – Assist patrons with verifying the validity of information.
Aggregator/Synthesizer – Assist patrons with bringing information together from multiple sources to see the bigger picture.
Organizer – Improve access to information with better organization.
Network Node – Connect information consumers with others who can help with queries. Help patrons build their personal learning networks.
Facilitator – Assist patrons with identifying and understanding their objectives. Assist patrons with achieving objectives.
Teacher – Teach patrons how to use new technology to navigate an ever growing mass of information.
Digital Media Mentor – Teach and assist patrons with the use of all types of digital media.
(Lerner, 2009; TeachThought, 2013)
Do libraries have a future?
Personal Learning Networks (PLNs)
One of the roles of librarians is connecting people with desired relevant information. If more education and learning is occurring with PLNs, then it seems likely more information can be found with PLNs. If more information can be found with PLNs, then librarians and libraries will need to utilize PLNs to help satisfy the information needs of library patrons. In addition, it seems likely libraries will take on the role of helping those who currently don't know how to use PLNs learn how to use them. This suggests an education, understanding of, and use of PLNs will be very important for current and future librarians.
ShelvAR in Wertz library
(Brinkman, 2012)
Potential Library Related Uses of Augmented Reality
Immediate and Mobile Access to Library Services
Symbol-Accessed Content (e.g. QR codes)
Enhanced Physical Book Stacks Browsing
Library Navigation
OCR (Optical Character Recognition)
Facial Recognition
Identify Building Services and Collections

For more details click on the hyperlink below.
<http://edesgroup.wix.com/augmentedreality#!library-related-practice-poten/c149v>

(Desrochers, Gummesen, Jessome, Pendry, & Wojcichowsky, 2013)
Actual Library Related Uses for Augmented Reality
SCARLET (Special Collections using Augmented Reality to Enhance Learning and Teaching)
D’Fusion created by Total Immersion (http://www.t-immersion.com/)
ShelvAR
WolfWalk
SmartLibrary

For more details click on the hyperlink below.
<http://edesgroup.wix.com/augmentedreality#!library-related-practice-actua/c1mpc>

(Desrochers et al., 2013)
(Roberts, 2012)
At a meeting at the Alabama Public Library Service (APLS) participants were asked to write down 3-5 words or phrases about their libraries in the future. The majority of the participants were librarians, board members, and APLS employees. The results can be viewed in the word cloud above. It would appear a focus on community is a big theme for the future.
(Campbell-Meler, 2011)
Levien notes four dimensions of change facing libraries.
Physical to Virtual Libraries – Reduced physical presence and increased Web presence.
Individual to Community Libraries – Change of focus from satisfying the needs of the individual to the community.
Collection to Creation Libraries – Increased focus on providing equipment and assistance to individuals and groups wishing to create and distribute works.
Portal to Archive Libraries – Increased focus on archiving both physical and virtual materials with a particular focus on materials created in the local community.
(Levien, 2011)
Implications
Libraries will need to both ensure privacy, but still utilize current and future technology to maximum effect. For example, self-tracking could be used to obtain more data about library users and the community the library serves. This could be used to optimize a library’s services, but collecting self-tracking information might require permission from hesitant patrons.

More libraries may close as smaller libraries are replaced with fewer larger ones that can handle collaboration spaces, meeting areas, creation spaces, gaming areas, and both quiet and noisy zones.

Ease of digital publishing is likely to increase redistribution of out of print titles and distribution of works popular with only a small number of individuals.

Improved access for seniors and the disabled due to ease with which electronic works can be adapted to meet a patron’s personal needs. (e.g. simple to increase font size of digital works or use software to convert text to speech)

(Roberts, 2012; Young, 2012)
(GeoBeats News, 2013)
Assisting the 21st Century Learner and Citizen
Librarians will play a pivotal role coaching and assisting people with becoming optimal 21st century learners and informed citizens.

Librarians will accomplish this by:
Enabling the reading and understanding of text in all formats (e.g. video, photo, print).
Coaching users about ethical behavior.
Assisting users with using technology.
Ensuring equitable access to information.
Teaching digital and information literacy.
Providing and developing an environment for learning, collaborating, and sharing.
(American, 2013)
Works Cited
Works Cited
Works Cited
Full transcript