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Aging of Skeletal System
Transcript of Aging of Skeletal System
and older, our
start decreasing with age (decline of
) - greater impact in women than in men.
, and a more
. Compression fractures often occur in vertebras.
in joints, loss of
Common Disorders in the Elderly
Loss in bone density
T-score - the bone density compared with what is normally expected in a heathy young adult of your sex
-1 and above: normal
between -1 and -2.5: sign of osteopenia (below normal and may lead to osteoporosis)
-2.5 and below: osteoporosis
Proper nutrition with ample calcium , Vitamin D and regular exercises can prevent the development of osteoporosis.
A break in bone: crack, dent or shatters, resulted from fall, injury or trauma; can be revealed by
sodium urate crystals
in tissues and joints (cooler parts of the body)
for relieving pain and inflammatory symptoms
to prevent uric acid formation
Need to see doctors for treating
hyperuricemia (high plasma uric acid level)
Six important functions:
(phosphate ions as a buffer)
(bone as calcium reservoir)
(bone marrow to produce
cells, white blood cells, and platelets).
a fracture that breaks through the skin.
does not cause a break through the skin.
the bone is broken into two or more pieces.
the bone is not in a proper alignment.
the fractured bone is in proper alignment.
there is a crack in the bone.
The bone has broken through one side but not completely through the other side.