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A Tale of Two Cities: Literary Terms

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Riley Wilson

on 12 November 2014

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Transcript of A Tale of Two Cities: Literary Terms

Imagery: The use of words to help a reader visualize or create a mental image of the writing
Deus ex Machina
Deus ex Machina: the use of an implausible event or occurrence to resolve the plot
Allusion: A reference to another piece of literature, place, or event
Foreshadow: A hint or suggestion of what is to come later in the story without spoiling it.
A Tale of Two Cities
Personification: the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.
Irony:The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect
Hyperbole: exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
Metaphor: A figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance.
Simile: a comparison of to unlike things using the word "like" or "as"
Example One
Book the First, Chapter 3: The Night Shadows. Page 13:

"There was a ridge of ploughed land, with a plough upon it where it had been left last night when the horses were unyoked; beyond, a quiet coppice-wood, in which many leaves of burning red and golden yellow still remained upon the trees. Thought the earth was cold and wet, the sky was clear, and the sun rose bright, placid, and beautiful."

This quote is an example of imagery because it clearly paints a picture in the reader's head. It also setting in how you can visualize a sunrise over a hill in the fall.
Example Two
Book the Second, Chapter 13: The Fellow of No Delicacy. Page 141:

"Many a dreary daybreak revealed his solitary figure lingering there, and still lingering there when the first beams of the sun brought into strong relief, removed beauties of architecture in spires of churches and lofty buildings..."

This represents imagery because the reader can
easily imagine this setting of sunrise against the
tops of old churches. In that way, this quote
describes the setting, but it also gives you more
insight into Sydney Carton, by showing how he
wanders by himself through the night and into the
early morning.
Example One
Book the First, Chapter 5: The Wine Shop. Page 27:

"One tall joker...scrawled upon a wall with his finger dipped in muddy wine-lees--BLOOD. The time was to come, when that wine too would be spilled on the street stones, and when the stain of it would be red upon many there."

This is an excellent example of foreshadow because it hints at a dark time to come, but does not tell you exactly how it will take place. This relates to the plot because later in the story, the streets of Saint Antoine, Paris would indeed be splattered with blood as the revolution begins to unfold.
Example Two
Book the Second, Chapter 21: Echoing Footsteps. Page 202

"But, there were other echoes, from a distance , that rumbled menacingly in the corner all through this space in time. And it was now, about little Lucie's sixth birthday, that they began to have an awful sound, as of a great storm in France with a dreadful sea rising. "

This is another good example of foreshadowing that creates suspense without explaining exactly what is going on. This relates to the plot because it hints at the important event occurring in France: the storming of the Bastille. It is during that event that Defarge uncovers the Doctor's letter, which will later condemn Darnay.
Example One
Book the Second, Chapter 3: A Disappointment. Page 67:

"Allowing for my friend's appearance being careless and slovenly if not debauched, they were sufficiently like each other to surprise, not only the witness, but everybody present, when they were brought into comparison."

The unlikely coincidence of Sydney looking exactly like Charles Darnay is an example of Dues es Machina because it is an improbable event that saves Darnay from being hung. It does help the plot, however, for if Darnay was not saved, then he would not end up in Paris on trial for being an Evermonde.
Example Two
Book the Third, Chapter 13: Fifty-Two. Page 337:

"Quickly, but with hands as true to the purpose as his heart was, Carton dressed himself in the clothes the prisoner had laid aside, combed back his hair, and tied it with the ribbon the prisoner had worn. "

This another example of Deus ex Machina because
again Carton, who looks exactly like Darnay, is willing to
sacrifice himself so that Lucie may be happy, who he also
happens to be in love with. Its a clever and extremely
touching ruse, and it does resolve the plot by rescuing
Darnay, but it is too convenient for the heroes that they
get their way at the expense of poor Sydney.
Example One
Book The Third, Chapter 15: The Footsteps Die Out Forever. Page 359

"'I am the Resurrection and the Life, saith the Lord: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: and whosever liveth and believeth in me shall never die.'"

This quote alludes to the Bible, making it a great example of allusion. It shows Sydney's character at the end of the book by clearly comparing him to Jesus in how he sacrifices himself to save Charles.
Example Two
Book the Second, Chapter 21: Echoing Footsteps. Page 208:

"They found it surging and tossing, in quest of Defarge himself. Saint Antoine was clamorous to have its wine-shop keeper foremost in the guard upon the the governor who had defended the Bastille and shot the people."

This is an example of allusion
because it alludes to the actual
Storming of the Bastille in July of
1789. This quote also relates to the
plot because, during this event,
Defarge discovers the letter that
will condemn Darnay and avenge
his wife.
Riley Wilson
Kayla Smith
Luisangel Ortiz

Period 2

November 11, 2014

Example 1:
Example 2:
Example 1:
Example 2:
Book the Second,Chapter 2,Page 54
Book the First,Chapter 3, Page 12-13
Book the first ,Chapter 4 ,Page 16
Book the First ,Chapter 3, Page 13
Example 1:
Book the Second,Chapter 2 ,Page 7
Example 2:
Book the Second, Chapter 2, Page
“The air among the houses was of so strong a piscatory flavour that one might have supposed sick fish went up to be dipped in it, as sick people went down to be dipped in the sea."
"’Eighteen years!’" said the passenger, looking at the sun.
"’Gracious Creator of day! To be buried alive for eighteen years!’"

“All the human breath in the place, rolled at him, like a sea, or a wind, or a fire.”
Symbolism:The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities.
“...the ocean is one day to give up its dead”
“...that came into court with the prisoners, and sometimes rushed straight from the dock at my Lord Chief Justice himself, and pulled him off the bench.”
In this passage human breath is being compared to a rolling sea, wind, or fire using the word "like." This gives us the impression that the breath was strong.
The air had a really strong fishy smell and it is being said that is smelled as if sick fish had dipped itself in the water
This passage was referring to Manette's stay in the Bastille. He wasn't literally buried alive for 18 years, but was simply incarcerated.
This quote says that the ocean would give back the dead, although in context it isn't talking about an ocean,still the fact remains that oceans are not living and cannot give.
This passage gives life to a non-living disease. It is saying that a disease would sometimes infect the judge while he was sentencing somebody to death and would sometimes kill the judge before the prisoner was executed.
"They had a sinister expression, under an old cocked-hat like a three-cornered spittoon, and over a great muffler for the chin and throat, which descended nearly to the wearer’s knees."
In this passage we are talking about Jerry Cruncher and his image in this scene; the quote shows that he was hiding his face beneath his hat and was wearing a large coat. The hat was compared to a "three- cornered spittoon" which is the bowl that people spat tobacco in.
Example 1
Book the second,CH. 14,Pg 143
"I have had unformed ideas of striving afresh,beginning anew, shaking off sloth and sensuality, and fighting out the abandoned flight"
This shows a metaphor by how he can not start anew completely also shows his inability to show his love for Lucie.
Example 2
Book the second,ch13,Pg 135
"You know there really is so much too much of you!"
This is when Mr.Lorry speaks to Mr. Stryver in a metaphor by in a way saying that he should not marry Lucie by his crassness.
Example 1:
Book the second, The Golden Thread
The Golden thread symbolizes Lucie and how she hold everybody together by how much they all love her. She aslo is seen as an angel or everything that is good.
Example 2:
Book the second,Ch15,Pg 156
" THERE had been earlier drinking than usual in the wine shop of Defarge"
The wine in the story is a symbol of the blood that is going to be spilled and the drunk on power the revolutionaries are when they overthrow the goverment.
Example 1:
Book The First, Ch 3, Pg 11
" It wouldn't do for you, Jerry. Jerry you honest tradesman, it wouldn't suit your line of business!..."
It is ironic that they say Jerry is an honest tradesman because he is a grave digger which is not an honest job.
Example 2:
Book the second, Ch 12 and 13,Pg 134 and 141
"The fellow of Delicacy and The fellow of No Delicacy "
These titles are ironic that are ironic because they are describing the opposite of what the characters really are. Fellow of delicacy describing Stryver and fellow of no delicacy describing Sydney.
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