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Elements of Drama

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Anthony Lane

on 23 October 2014

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Transcript of Elements of Drama

Elements of Drama
Dramatic Terms and Conventions

ACT VS. SCENE
A major section of a play, similar to a chapter in a book; an act is usually made up of several scenes

CHATTER
Othello
Revenge, revenge, revenge. Iago convinces Othello that his wife cheated on him. Othello kills her, then himself. That’s messed up.

Tragedy vs. Comedy
Comedy
In the Greek sense, a play that doesn’t end in death.  In modern usage, refers to a play that is humorous; this is NOT a true COMEDY. A comedy is a story of the rise in fortune of a sympathetic central character. Note: Shakespeare’s comedies always end in marriage.

Tragedy


In the Greek sense, a play that ends with the death of at least one of the main characters.  In modern usage, refers to a play that doesn’t have a happy ending.
Romeo and Juliet
Two teens fall in love. They marry. They commit suicide. A true emo tail.

Much Ado About Nothing
Claudio loves Hero. Hero loves Claudio. Hooray! Let’s get married, but let’s fight about a bunch of stuff for 5 acts first.

Taming of the Shrew
Vicious woman needs to tone it down. Only one way to do that. Marry her off to a dude that needs money. Hooray!

Tragedy vs. Comedy
Dialogue
When two or more characters speak to each other

Monologue
When one character speaks alone (other characters listen)

Soliloquy
An important speech made that serves as an interior (inner) monologue (the character is alone on-stage
Aside
A quick comment or mini-soliloquy; a character quickly addresses only the audience or another character. Other characters cannot hear.

What type of chatter is it?
1. dialogue
2. monologue
3. soliloquy
4. aside
ACT
a subdivision of an act; usually, a scene indicates a specific location or time, and changes if another location or time is supposed to be presented.  A scene usually ends when all the characters in the scene leave the stage.

SCENE
STAGE DIRECTIONS
and BLOCKING
STAGE DIRECTIONS:
an instruction written into the script of a play, indicating stage actions, movements of performers, or production requirements.



BLOCKING:
to plan or work out the movement of performers in a play
AUDIENCE
Actor
Stage Left
Stage Right
Down Stage
Up stage
Time for
Shakespeare
says...
ENTER: Actor walks onto the stage.


EXIT: Actor leaves the stage.


EXEUNT: ALL actors leave the stage.
ENTERING AND EXITING
Full transcript