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by: Yana and Jainoor

Jainoor Gill

on 20 February 2013

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Transcript of oil

HOW IS OIL AND BITUMEN RELATED? OIL Oil is a fossil fuel. Most of the oil extracted today has been formed from prehistoric organisms who remains settled at the bottoms of oceans and lakes millions of years ago. WHERE DOES IT COME FROM? WHO WAS THE FIRST FIND OIL? Ignacy lukasiewicz By: Yana Wong and Jainoor Gill. Oil HOW THEY FIRST FIND IT DIFFERENT TYPES OF OIL HOW MUCH IS IT WORTH? What is oil in?
What do we use oil for? OIL! THE END Oil came from the Old French "oile" from Latin "oleum"
'Petroleum' came from the Greek word "petra" or "petros" which means rock. Jainoor Dictionary Asphalt Prehistoric Any of various dark-colored, solid, bituminous substances, native in various areas of the earth and composed mainly of hydrocarbon mixtures. pertaining to the time or a period prior to recorded history: The dinosaur is a prehistoric beast. COST United States –

Average $12.18 $21.58 $33.76
On-shore $12.73 $18.65 $31.38
Off-shore $10.09 $41.51 $51.60 Canada $12.69 $12.07 $24.76
Africa $10.31 $35.01 $45.32
Middle East $9.89 $6.99 $16.88
Central & South America
$6.21 $20.43 $26.64 Lifting Costs Finding Costs Total Upstream Costs Lgnacy lukasiewicz was the petroleum industry pioneer who in 1856 built the first oil refinery in the world. This liquid is the future wealth of the country, it's the wellbeing and prosperity of its inhabitants, it's a new source of income for the poor, and a new branch of industry which shall bear plentiful fruit. - 1854 Back in the day finding oil was easy, it just seeped through the surface.
Today oil prospectors know that oil is likely to be found in 1 of 600 basins of sedimentary rock around the world. So far 160 basins have yielded of oil and 240 basins were blank. They hunt for oil by examining exposed outcrops for likely looking formations, or scanning satellite and radar images. Yana~ Basins A container with a greater width than depth, becoming smaller toward the bottom, used to hold water or other liquids YANA Where is pertoleum in the world? Northern Canada. Middle of Mexico USA (Utha, Colorado, Wyoming) Venezuela Middle of Brazil Norway Algeria Nigeria Qatar Libya Kuwait Saudi Arabia Iraq Iran UAE Azerbiajan Middle of India Russia Kazakhstan East, middle China Hope y'all enjoyed ;) ~Jainoor and Yana :) Interesting Facts The time it take most people to read this sentest the world uese 3,000 barrels oil (330,000 gallons) at 1,000 barrels per secound. Oil is non-renewable energy source and belongs to fossil fuels, together with coal and natural gas. Oil was formed more than 300 million years ago. Oil can be found under ground in areas of rock that are porous and contain the oil within the rock itself. Oil as well as other fossil fuels emits dangerous greenhouse gases which cause the global warming. Oil biggest producer is Saudi Arabia followed by Russia. Oil won't last forever because its sources are limited. Oil needs alternatives in years to come, preferably in form of clean renewable energy sources. Oil together with coal and natural gas supply about 88 % of the world's energy needs. 4 PRIMARY TYPES OF OIL: 1. The Very Light Oils: Jet Fuel, Gas, Kerosene, Light Virgin Naptha, Heavy Virgin Naptha, Petroleum Ether, Petroleum Spirit and Petroleum Naptha. Highly volatile and can evaporate within a couple of days. Decreased toxicity levels.

2. The Light Oils: Most Grade 1 and Grade 2 Fuel Oils, as well as Most Domestic Fuels & Light Crude Marine Gas Oils. Moderately volatile, less evaporative. Moderately toxic. 3. Medium Oils; Most of the crude oil on the market fall in this catagory. Low volatility makes for messier & more complex 'Clean ups". Increased toxicity levels.

4. Heavy Fuel Oils: Grade 3,4,5,&6 Fuel Oils also intermediate & Heavy Marine Fuel. Very slow & very little evaporation. Toxicity is hoghly increased.

Tar Sands is a Heavy Fuel Oil. Oil is used in/for transportation fuels {gas, diesel, jet fuel} , asphalt, military and defence fertilizer, heating, feedstocl, petrochemcals, plastics. We use oil to produce energy, toothpaste, shaving cream, shampoo, deoderant, soap, perfumes, nail polish, Apple products, plastic jackets. {rain coat} WHAT TYPES OF OIL DO WE PRODUCE? We produce 45% of conventional crude oil, 49.5% bitumen from oil sands & 5.5% was condensate from natural gas wells. Ether A colourless, highly volitale, flammable liquid. Naphtha a colourless, volatile petroleum used as a solvent, fuel, etc. Kerosene A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained by distilling petroleum. BIBLIOGRAPHY WEBSITES http://interestingenergyfacts.blogspot.ca/2008/03/oil-facts.html
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/When_was_oil_discovered# http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/196601/how.they.find.the.oil.htm How you find oil is to drill for it beneath the earth's surface. Without drilling and exploration we would not know if oil exists. Samples are taken and analyzed and if the analysis provides the information that oil exists, oil rigs are set up to collect the oil What are the differences between oil sands, heavy oil and bitumen? Oil sands are naturally occurring mixtures of bitumen, water, sand and clay that are found mainly in three areas of Alberta – Athabasca, Peace River and Cold Lake. A typical sample of oil sands might contain about 12 per cent bitumen by weight, although bitumen content can vary widely among specific samples and sites. If the oil sands deposits are close to the surface, bitumen can be recovered from the oil sands by open-pit mining and hot-water processing methods. Deeper deposits require in-situ methods such as steam injection through vertical or horizontal wells. (In-situ means "in-place" in Latin; the oil industry uses this term to indicate the bitumen is separated from the sand underground, in the geological formation where it occurs.) Surface mining is used in the Athabasca oil sands, while in-situ methods are used in all three major oil sands areas.

Heavy crude oil includes some crude oil that will flow at room temperatures, however slowly, but most heavy oil also requires heat or dilution to flow to a well or through a pipeline. Therefore it is similar to bitumen, although lighter, generally less viscous and usually containing less sulphur. In Canada, the term heavy oil refers to petroleum with a density greater than 900 kilograms per cubic metre (or below 25.7°API on the American Petroleum Institute gravity scale).

Bitumen is a thick, sticky form of crude oil. At room temperature, bitumen has the consistency of molasses. It must be heated or diluted before it will flow easily into a well or through a pipeline. Bitumen is sometimes called extra-heavy crude oil. A typical dictionary definition of bitumen is "a tar-like mixture of petroleum hydrocarbons." A more technical definition in the oil-producing industry is: "a naturally occurring, viscous mixture of hydrocarbons that contains sulphur compounds and will not flow in its naturally occurring viscous state." From the ancient times, Oil is said to have been a part of man's existence. Crude Oil was used almost 2500 years ago in ancient china. However, there are some accounts which show the usage of oil wells started around 347 A.D. in the same country. The oil wells were dug then in China. Later, in 1264, the mining of the oil's natural seeps took place in Persia. This was witnessed by a well-renowned man named Marco Polo while traveling through Baku. Also in the late 1500's Poland's Carpathian Mountains became a source for seep oil to provide light for street lamps. In Pennsylvania, US oil was produced in brine wells in 1815. oil
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