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Althusser - Marxism & Structuralism
Transcript of Althusser - Marxism & Structuralism
Author is a function of ideology Literary Analysis Marxism & Structuralism Ideology - imaginary relation of individuals to the conditions of their existence References:
H Veltmeyer, 'Towards an Assessment of the Structuralist Interrogation of Marx: Claude Levi-Strauss and Louis Althusser', Science & Society, Vol. 38, No. 4, 1975, pp. 387-401
JM Mageo, ‘Dreaming Sexed Identities and Althusser’, Anthropology and Humanism,Vol.37, No.1, 2012, pp. 45–63
L Althusser, ‘Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses’, The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism, 2nd ed, V Leitch (ed), W W Norton & Company Inc, USA, 2001, pp. 1342-1350
P Sotiris, ‘Althusser: The Detour of Theory’, Historical Materialism, Vol 17, no. 4, 2009,pp. 132-133
SB Smith, ‘Ideology and interpretation: The case for Althusser’, Poetics Today, Vol.10, No. 3, 1989, pp.439-510.
S Hall, ‘Signification, representation, ideology: Althusser and the post-structuralist debates’, Critical Studies in Mass Communication, Vol. 2, No.2, 1985, pp.91-114.
W Montag quoted in P Sotiris, ‘Althusser: The Detour of Theory’, Historical Materialism, Vol 17, no. 4, 2009,p. 124 Presented by: Daniel Beach, Josh Boyd and Tahlia York
Summarised by: Sarah Jung, Thomas Lee and Nicole Philpott
Mediated, collated and composed by Samantha Churcher Art as a reflection of ideoloy Education replaces the Church Can be viewed as an initiation of the subject into an ideology, achieved through a process of ‘hailing’ the subject
There is the recognition when people say 'you' in song, this allows us to identify as a subject Interpellation “... the Army and the Police also function by ideology both to ensure their own cohesion and reproduction, and in the ‘values’ they propound externally” while “Schools and Churches use suitable methods of punishment, expulsion, selection etc, to ‘discipline’ not only their shepherds, but also their flocks.” The Subject in Ideology The subject consents to their own domination ISA RSA Ideology and Interpellation in a Marxist Structuralism Ideology operates as a complex structure,
which like language precedes the individual subject In relation to texts, they should then be “interrogated not for what they did say but for what they failed to say. Texts cannot be reduced to what the author means, but signifies a hierarchical structure of problems which sets internal limits on what an author can and cannot say.” (Smith, p.496) The state recognises the power of language to influence ideology so controls the production of the written word and controls the power of the people over discourse and critical thought. State Control Over Language The dominant ISA in modern capitalist cultures is education
“it is by an apprenticeship in a variety of know-how wrapped up in the massive inculcation of the ideology of the ruling class that the relations of production in a capitalist social formation ie, the relations of exploited to exploiters and exploiters to exploited, are largely reproduced.” “the function of art was not to make reality visible as to make visible the myths that govern without our knowledge or consent, the way we think about and ‘live’ this reality.”