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stephanie rizzi

on 16 November 2013

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Transcript of Writing

Multisensory Approach to Letter Formation
Stages of handwriting and types of physical supports
Studies have shown that fast, legible handwriting is critical to the production of creative and well-written text (Graham and Harris 2005).

In addition, greater writing speed “lessens the burden on working memory,” enabling children and adults to “create good reader-friendly prose” (Peverly 2006).

Teaching handwriting has been shown to have greater impact on brain development, especially the areas of the brain related to literacy development (Berninger 2012; James 2012).

Difficulties with handwriting negatively impact others’ evaluation of a student’s text; poor handwriting can drop a paper from the 50th percentile in quality to 10th-22nd percentile (Graham and Santangelo 2012).

Numerous studies showed that teaching handwriting has a large, positive effect on the amount of texts students generate (Graham and Santangelo 2012).

Even at the higher grades, students who took notes by hand vs. on a computer were shown have better comprehension of what was being said and had more sustained attention during discussion of texts and concepts (Peverly 2012).
Handwriting Without Tears
Fine motor hand strengthening
Cut pictures out of newspapers or magazines.
Play with small beads, Legos, Tinkertoys, Lincoln Logs, and so forth.
Knead and build with Play-Doh or clay.
Find hidden objects in the Play-Doh or clay.
Use tweezers to pick up small household objects and place them in a container.
Squirt water bottle outdoors on the sidewalk.
Form letters with small marshmallows and toothpicks.
String popcorn, buttons, or beads to make necklaces.
Create a design on paper with a hole punch.

Educational Impact of Handwriting
Hands-on letter building kit includes:

Wood Pieces
Little Chalk Bit
Little Sponge Cube
Mat for Wood Pieces
Music and movement
Kavak, Sermin Tukel, & Bumin, Gonca. (2009). The effects of pencil grip posture and different desk designs on handwriting performance in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Jornal de Pediatria, 85(4), 346-352. Retrieved October 23, 2013, from http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0021-75572009000400013&lng=en&tlng=en. 10.2223/JPED.1914.
Slant Boards:
angled platform that promotes improved posture for reading and writing
Pencil grip:
plastic or foam piece that slides onto a pencil for better control
NJ Ask Hollistic Writing Rubric
1st Grade Writing
September-November Expectations
Turn and Talk
Capital letters and punctuation
Proper spacing
Blending words
Final Writing
Current Writing Goals
Capital letters
Proper punctuation
Proper finger spacing
Using Word Wall Words
Staying focused on the topic
Personal Narratives
Curriculum: SchoolWide
September - November
Writing about experiences that happen in your life.
Writing Goals:
Topic/ Generating ideas
Sentence structure
Organization: Beginning, middle, end
Craft (descriptive words, action, dialogue, feelings, etc.)
Informal Assessment
Sharing of thinking
Turn and Talk
Formal Assessment
Final Writing
Writing Rubric
Post-It brainstorming
Flash cards
Finger spacing tool
Writing Goals for student
Organization: Beginning, middle, end
Does it make sense?
Incorporate details: Saying more about a part before moving on
Punctuation and capitalization
Writing Assessments
Guided Practice
Independent Work
Conferencing with student
Writing Conference folder
Transfer to different subjects?
Pre writing

SchoolWide Assessement
Assessment from text
Writing Interventions
Pre Writing Strategies
Planning Page
Quick Sketch
Playing a "movie" in your head
Conferring Toolkit
Extra Teacher Support
Second Grade Writing Process
Weschler Invidual Achievement Test

Written Language

Spelling: evaluates the ability to spell (written spelling of dictated letters, sounds and words that are read in sentences).

Written Expression: assesses the writing process (writing letters and words as quickly as possible, writing sentences, and writing a paragraph or essay).
Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive Abilities

Assess a variety of cognitive skills

Writing Fluency: ability and speed
Writing Samples: writing ability
Editing: writing skills and English usage
Punctuation and Capitalization: writing English usage


The Partnership for Assessment of
Readiness for College and Careers
Assessments in English and Math
Based on the Common Core Standards
Created to better prepare students for college and career
Technology based assessment


When will the PARCC officially be implemented?
When will the resources be available to teachers?
Will school districts receive a grant to get the appropriate technology?
Does the state pay for the web-based dynamic and interactive library?

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