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THREE-FOLD ANALYSIS OF EXPERIENCE
Transcript of THREE-FOLD ANALYSIS OF EXPERIENCE
Jerome Bruner, psychologist
Other Classifications of Instructional Media
Three-fold Analysis of Experience
Brunner, however, emphasized more on the nature of mental operations of the learner & not the stimuli
The enactive part forms the bases of all other learning experiences. this refers to the direct or actual experiences.
according to sense modality
a. audio materials - include radio, recordings, language laboratories
according to projection
a. projected media - transparencies, slides, films or filmstrips, opaque projection materials.
according to literacy requirement
some forms of media like books, chalkboards, teaching machines, or computers require the user's ability to manipulate & understand symbols while others can be understood & appreciated even by an untrained user, like television, motion pictures, filmstrips or cartoons.
according to dimensions
a. two-dimensional - flat pictures, posters, flashcards, charts, maps, transparencies
according to pacing of media content
a. static - filmstrips, books, chalkboards, slides
according to accessibility
media could be for solo use as in the case of books or computer-aided instruction materials or for group use as in the case of projected media, radio, recordings, television, and the like.
according to cost
media could be low cost like newspapers or high cost like computers.
FAITH I. MANINGO
the iconic part refers to abstract experiences in the form of pictures while the symbolic part represents the forming of mental image in the absence of a concrete object.
b. visual materials - include pictures, photographs, flashcards, flip books, charts, maps, posters, exhibits, bulletin boards, dioramas, models, mock-ups, slides, filmstrips, transparencies, chalkboards, cartoons.
c. audiovisual materials - include television, films, videotapes, demonstrations, study trips, printed materials with recorded sounds
b. non-projected media - photographs, still pictures, objects & the like.
b. three-dimensional - real objects, models, mock-ups, dioramas, exhibits
b. dynamic - television, motion pictures, audio recordings
according to electronic requirement
a. non-technical media - still pictures, models, charts, & puppets
b. technical media - overhead projectors, language laboratory, cassette recorders, & computers
HIERARCHY OF ABSTRACTION
HIERARCHY OF ABSTRACTION
Hoban, Hoban & Zissman, as cited by Heinich (1996), stated that the value of instructional media is a function of their degree of realism.
THANK YOU !