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The Magic Flute, WA Mozart

Music 566, WSU. Spring 2015.
by

Hanae Straub

on 4 February 2015

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Transcript of The Magic Flute, WA Mozart

Mozart & Schikaneder effectively incorporate music, politics & religion all through in-depth symbolization in Die Zauberflöte.

Thank you!
Framework
- Mozart and Schikeneder were both Freemasons
- Financial Need... led to exploring new subject of Zauberoper ("Magic Opera")... contrasting styles from Mozart's previous operas.
- Empress Maria Theresa, whom Mozart performed for as a child, persecuted Freemasons during her reign.
- Joseph II, allowed Freemasonry to reemerge.
Characters
The Queen of the Night
Princess Pamina
Tamino
Papageno (& Papagena)
Sarastro


Queen
of the Night
- Represented Empress Maria Theresa, who persecuted Freemasons
- Apostle of darkness and delusion (Osborne 323)
The Queen of the Night Arias
"
O zittre nicht, mein lieber Sohn"
(Oh, Tremble not, my dear son")
- Intense, accompanied recitative
in G minor
- Oboe, bassoon and viola to describe Pamina's struggle.
Sarastro
"O Isis und Osiris"
(Oh Isis and Osiris)
- Dark instrumentation, yet radiant color (basset-horns, bassoons, trombones, violoncellos and double bass + prominently lower notes of bass register

"In diesen heil'gen Hallen" (Within these sacred halls)
- Noble simplicity, "primary colors" of music, only 3 accidentals!! Same notion of "primary colors" used in the theme of the Finale of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony


Die Zauberflöte
(The Magic Flute)
W.A. Mozart

"
Der Hölle Rache kocht in meinem Herzen
"
(Hell's Vengeance Boils in My Heart)
- Queen orders Pamina to kill Sarastro, cue Mozart's "Demonic D minor"
- Use of coloratura and octave leaps
- Voice, trumpet and drums all play high C's, D's and F's
Tamino
- Represents Emperor Joseph II
- Extreme reformer
"
Dies Bildnis ist bezaubernd schön
"
(This image is enchantingly beautiful)
- Contrasts from other Mozart tenor arias, serenity in love at first sight rather than passion... More spiritual and timeless.
- Warmth from clarinets, bassoons and horns

Pamina
"Ach, ich fühl's, es ist verschwunden"
(Ah, I feel it, it is vanished)
- Suicide aria, G minor
- Same orchestration as "Deh vieni" from Figaro... 1 flute, 1 oboe, 1 bassoon and strings
- Climax is in the postlude, not the voice. Pain too deep for words?
- Represents the Austrian people
Debated as to whether he represents Grand Duke Francis I, or Ignaz von Born.
Papageno (& Papagena!)
- Bird Man and his counter
- Catches birds for food and lodging from the Queen
- Birds are symbolic of the soul
- Illuminati and Freemasonry



2 Solos and a Duet:
"Der Vogelfänger bin ich ja" (The birdcatcher am I)
"Ein Mädchen oder Weibchen" (A girl or a woman)
"Pa–, pa–, pa–" (AKA the cutest duet in the world)



#1. Music is simple, but gives insight into the character.
- Papageno: simple, witty, up-beat & likeable.
- Plays his flute, 5 note ditty that repeats later in drama

#2. Another suicide aria... Exaggerated in G minor (obviously doesn't really want to commit the deed!)

#3. Cheery, charming duet. Family planning in patter-song! Truly gay and happy in G major!
Symbols, Theories and Controversies- Oh, my!
- The number three, seen everywhere! All symbols of Freemasonry rituals.
- Overture chords (knocking on temple door for initiation), snake/dragon, 3 Ladies of the Queen, 3 Boys, 3 Trials, the final test in E-flat Major (guess how many flats in the key?!)
- Theories of symbolic conflict between man and woman.
- Racism and Chauvinism
- Monostatos, The Queen of the Night
& Pamina


In Conclusion...
Full transcript