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The Magic Flute, WA Mozart
Transcript of The Magic Flute, WA Mozart
- Mozart and Schikeneder were both Freemasons
- Financial Need... led to exploring new subject of Zauberoper ("Magic Opera")... contrasting styles from Mozart's previous operas.
- Empress Maria Theresa, whom Mozart performed for as a child, persecuted Freemasons during her reign.
- Joseph II, allowed Freemasonry to reemerge.
The Queen of the Night
Papageno (& Papagena)
of the Night
- Represented Empress Maria Theresa, who persecuted Freemasons
- Apostle of darkness and delusion (Osborne 323)
The Queen of the Night Arias
O zittre nicht, mein lieber Sohn"
(Oh, Tremble not, my dear son")
- Intense, accompanied recitative
in G minor
- Oboe, bassoon and viola to describe Pamina's struggle.
"O Isis und Osiris"
(Oh Isis and Osiris)
- Dark instrumentation, yet radiant color (basset-horns, bassoons, trombones, violoncellos and double bass + prominently lower notes of bass register
"In diesen heil'gen Hallen" (Within these sacred halls)
- Noble simplicity, "primary colors" of music, only 3 accidentals!! Same notion of "primary colors" used in the theme of the Finale of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony
(The Magic Flute)
Der Hölle Rache kocht in meinem Herzen
(Hell's Vengeance Boils in My Heart)
- Queen orders Pamina to kill Sarastro, cue Mozart's "Demonic D minor"
- Use of coloratura and octave leaps
- Voice, trumpet and drums all play high C's, D's and F's
- Represents Emperor Joseph II
- Extreme reformer
Dies Bildnis ist bezaubernd schön
(This image is enchantingly beautiful)
- Contrasts from other Mozart tenor arias, serenity in love at first sight rather than passion... More spiritual and timeless.
- Warmth from clarinets, bassoons and horns
"Ach, ich fühl's, es ist verschwunden"
(Ah, I feel it, it is vanished)
- Suicide aria, G minor
- Same orchestration as "Deh vieni" from Figaro... 1 flute, 1 oboe, 1 bassoon and strings
- Climax is in the postlude, not the voice. Pain too deep for words?
- Represents the Austrian people
Debated as to whether he represents Grand Duke Francis I, or Ignaz von Born.
Papageno (& Papagena!)
- Bird Man and his counter
- Catches birds for food and lodging from the Queen
- Birds are symbolic of the soul
- Illuminati and Freemasonry
2 Solos and a Duet:
"Der Vogelfänger bin ich ja" (The birdcatcher am I)
"Ein Mädchen oder Weibchen" (A girl or a woman)
"Pa–, pa–, pa–" (AKA the cutest duet in the world)
#1. Music is simple, but gives insight into the character.
- Papageno: simple, witty, up-beat & likeable.
- Plays his flute, 5 note ditty that repeats later in drama
#2. Another suicide aria... Exaggerated in G minor (obviously doesn't really want to commit the deed!)
#3. Cheery, charming duet. Family planning in patter-song! Truly gay and happy in G major!
Symbols, Theories and Controversies- Oh, my!
- The number three, seen everywhere! All symbols of Freemasonry rituals.
- Overture chords (knocking on temple door for initiation), snake/dragon, 3 Ladies of the Queen, 3 Boys, 3 Trials, the final test in E-flat Major (guess how many flats in the key?!)
- Theories of symbolic conflict between man and woman.
- Racism and Chauvinism
- Monostatos, The Queen of the Night