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Roman Republic

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by

Steph Gorges

on 14 October 2013

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Transcript of Roman Republic

Origins & History
Roman Republic
History
Legendary Account of Rome
Historical Account of Rome
Romulus & Remus - abandoned twins
Raised by she-wolf
Romulus founds Rome - first king in 753 BCE
People settled in Italian peninsula by 2000 BCE
Agriculture & pastorlists
Migrated from Anatolia
Settled Rome & N. Rome
Used bronze & iron
Traded by Mediterranean
The Etruscans
Frequent attacks
Foundation for early Roman society
Etruscan Decline
Republic
Origins
Republic
Overthrow Etruscan king in 509 BCE
Citizens elect representatives to act on the behalf of the people
Representatives make the laws
How is this different from Greece?
Social Hierarchy
How is this different from Greece?
The Consuls
Patricians
Hereditary aristocrats who had the most control
Plebeians
common, ordinary citizens
Leaders elected by the patricians
Slaves
Executive:

2 elected for 1 year terms
Elected by male patricians
The Consuls
Legislative:

Assemblies
Senate
300 male patricians
Served for life
Advised consuls
Passed decrees (foreign focused)
All free, property owning male plebeians could elect representatives to the assemblies
All acts passed, but be approved by Senate
Government Organization
The Background of
the Roman Republic
Roman Forum
Roman Forum:
Political and civic center
Government business took place
Patricians
vs.
Plebeians
Plebeians threatened to leave Rome & start new settlement
Plebeians can elect tribunes - veto Senate acts
Plebeians threatened to leave Rome & start new settlement
Eventually eligible to hold elected positions
By 3rd century: Plebeians dominated decision making
Major Change #1:
Tribune: Represent the plebeians and have veto powers
Major Change #2:
Dictator:
Absolute power for six months during times of crisis
Major Change #3
Law of Twelve Tables:
Written code of law to settle conflict between plebeians and patricians posted in Forum
Major Change #4:
A dreadfully deformed child shall be quickly killed.
Any person who destroys by burning any building or heap of corn deposited alongside a house shall be bound, scourged, and put to death by burning at the stake provided that he has committed the said misdeed with malice aforethought; but if he shall have committed it by accident, that is, by negligence, it is ordained that he repair the damage or, if he be too poor to be competent for such punishment, he shall receive a lighter punishment.
"If a person has maimed another's limb, let there be retaliation in kind, unless he agrees to make compensation with him."
A child born after ten months since the father's death will not be admitted into a legal inheritance.
Timeline
450 BCE
264 -146 BCE
44 BCE
49 BCE
509 BCE
Twelve Tables
(First written law code)
450 BCE
Establishment of
Roman Republic
509 BCE
Punic Wars
264-146 BCE
Civil War - Julius Caesar appointed dictator
49 BCE
Julius Caesar assassinated
44 BCE
Rome v. Carthage
Carthage - N. Africa, strong port city, Phoenician settlement
Hannibal - general for Carthage
3 Major "Wars"
1 -Sicily
2 - Iberian Peninsula
3 - Carthage
Rome won all three
Burned Carthage to the ground
Full transcript