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Ancient Greek Theatre

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by

Adam Asadurian

on 19 September 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Greek Theatre

LABELED DIAGRAM OF AN ANCIENT GREEK THEATER
ANCIENT

GREEK
THEATER

By Adam Asadurian
SCENERY AND SPECIAL EFFECTS
Ancient Greek Theaters were built on a very large scale so that it could accomodate the large number of performers on stage as well as the amount of people in the audience. The stadium could fit up to 14,000 people in the audince.
WHAT DID ANCIENT GREEK THEATERS LOOK LIKE?
The designers of the theater had to be able to create acoustics in the theater so that the actors voice could be heard throughout the theater.In 465 BC, the greek theater began to use a backdrop or a scenic wall called the skene which stood behind the orchestra and served as an are which the actors could change their clothes.
The first seats in Greek Theaters were made out of wood, but then in 499BC stone blocks were placed into the side of the hill to create stronger and more permanent seating. The orchestra was placed in the center of the theater in a circular space.
Greek Theaters had tall arched entrances which actors entered and exited the theater.
At the end of the 5th century BC, the skene wall was built 2 stories high. The upper storey was named the "Episkenion".
Size of Greek Theatre compares to Rod Laver Arena
HOW DID GREEK THEATRE BEGIN?
Greek Theatre flourished in
Athens
between
550 BC and 220 BC
and began as a
festival
to honour the
Gods
. In the beginning,
hymn-like
passages were recited by a large chorus. The God
Dionysus
was honored with a festival called
'City Dionysia'
and this was the only festival where
plays
were presented.
Dionysus
CLOTHING IN GREEK THEATER
Masks
Masks served several purposes in ancient greek theater.
They
exaggerated expressions,
helping define the role the actors were playing
.
They allowed actors to quickly
change roles
or
genders
by putting on a different mask.
The masks also allowed audience members in the
far seats see and hear the actors better
because of the small built in
megaphone
in the mask.
The masks were built out of materials such as
linen and wood.
Costumes
Costumes helped indicate the
social status, gender
and
age
of a character.
Athenian characters wore more
decorated
versions of everyday clothing, such as a
tunic
or
undergarment
. Non-Athenian characters wore more
Outlandish
costumes.
Tragic actors
wore a sort of
raised platform
shoe to show that they were
wealthy,
while
comic actors
wore
plain socks.
When actors played the role of a
women
they wore
body stockings
and
prosterneda

(Fake breasts and belly)
to make the bodies look more feminine.
Some actors even wore animal costumes.
Special Effects
The Ancient greek theater had one special effect, it was called
"Deus Ex Machina".
It was pretty much a
rope with a basket
which made the
actors float
so that they looked like Gods
flying and fighting.
All special effects had to be done through the script
.
The Greeks used
drums
during
storms and battle scenes,
as a crash to emphasize the
displeasure of a god,
Scenery
To create scenery, the Ancient Greeks had a type of wallpaper or backdrop called a
"Skene"
The Skene's were useful because they could be used to make the
performance

look like
it was set in any
environment
Deus Ex Machina
Skene
TA DA!
WHAT TYPE OF PLAYS WERE PERFORMED IN GREEK THEATRE?
Tragedy:
the main character of a tragedy commits some terrible crime without realizing how foolish and arrogant he has been. Then, as he slowly realizes what he has done the world crumbles around him.
Comedy:
Old Comedy plays are characterized by a high-spirited criticism of public persons and affairs. Comedy is a performance of song, dance, personal criticism, and buffoonery, the plays also include political criticism and comment on philosophical topics
Satyr Plays:
These short plays were performed between the acts of tragedies. The satyrs were half-human, half-goat figures and actors in these plays wore large phalluses for comical effect.
Sophocles was a tragedian who wrote 123 plays during his life. Only seven have survived in entity, but they include classics such as Antigone, Oedipus the King and Electra.
Sophocles
ANCIENT GREEK THEATRE VS MODERN THEATRE
When I was once at a live theater performance, it differed to a greek theater performance because the play that I attended had lighting, sounds and other technology which made the play more entertaining. But according to my research, an ancient greek theater performance was not as advanced and did not have the resources to make the play as appealing.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Greek Theater, 2003 City Dionysia, accessed 18 April 2013, <http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/interactives/greece/theater/playersProps.html>.
Wikipedia, 2013, ‘Greek Theatre’, wiki article, 4 April, accessed 4 April 2013, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theatre_of_ancient_Greece>.
Greek Theater, 2003 Ancient Greece, accessed 18 April 2013, <http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/interactives/greece/theater/playersProps.html>.
Arts Edge
Wikipedia
Ancient Greece
TURN ON YOUR SPEAKERS
MUSIC
THYMIOS STOURAITIS
BY
THE END
Full transcript