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Family Photo Album (1930's & WWII)

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Jeania 8925

on 26 July 2015

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Transcript of Family Photo Album (1930's & WWII)

The Sawford Family Albums
By: Jeania
The Family
Julia Sawford
Richard Sawford
Jerome Sawford
Richard Sawford
born in France but moved to Canada as a young child
nationality is French Canadian and he is fluent in both English and French
he is 35 years old (based on the time of the photo) and is the father of the family
lives in the Prairie province of Manitoba on a farm as a farmer and businessman
hobbies include: playing baseball and hockey with Jerome, watching a movie with the family, enjoying a night out with his wife
Julia Sawford
born in Canada
nationality is English Canadian and is fluent in English
she is 32 years old (based on the time of the photo) and is the mother of the family
lives in the Prairie province in Manitoba as a housewife and takes care of Jerome and watches over the farm when Richard is out during business
her hobbies include: listening to the radio, sewing, cheering her boys on during sport games, skating
Jerome Sawford
born in Canada
nationality is Canada but he has a French Canadian heritage from his father; speaks fluently in English and a little bit of French
he is 10 years old (based on the time of the photo) and is the son of the family
lives in the Prairie province in Manitoba with his parents
his hobbies include playing sports with his father and going on fun picnics with neighbors and their children
Family Timeline
1930's Political Event
1930's Social/ Leisure Event
1930's Economic Event
WWII War in Europe
WWII (Social, Political, and/ or Economic)
WWII War on the Home Front
During the time of the crisis of depression, many families looked for escape from leisure and recreation
The Sawford family looked for escapism through the popular leisure of radios and the introduction of talkies
Sports was also a fun past time for the family
Escapism from the Depression
Election of Prime Minister Bennett
Many more sources of help for the Great Depression was introduced after the political election of Prime Minister Bennett
Jerome wrote a letter asking for help from Prime Minister Bennett after the many dust storms and grasshopper invasions
The Sawford family also applied for the new Unemployment Relief Act for aid
The Depression on the Prairies
(Dust Bowls, Droughts & Grasshopper Invasions)
The Great Depression had a large economic effect on the family but the depression on the prairies made things even worse
Droughts and dust bowls made farming nearly impossible
Grasshopper invasions wiped out what little crops that could be grown
Conscription Crisis
The Sawford family was highly against conscription as they did not want to participate in the war
Richard especially did not want to join as he felt that as a French Canadian, he did not feel as obliged to join in the war
Julia and Jerome also voted against the idea as they did not want to lose a husband and father
Richard was sadly conscripted to join in the end
Social Loss & Economic Boom
Richard leaving for war was a hardship for the entire family
Jerome lost his father and Julia lost her husband and they may never see each other ever again
the silver lining is that once the war began, economy started rising again giving the remainder of the family an easier life
Women's Increased Roles in WWII
After Richard left, Julia decided to help out in the war as well by helping out in factories
The government offered daycare for Jerome while his mother was helping to produce munition for war
The family also supported by buying victory bonds, and rationalizing food they've grown in their farm in hopes of helping Richard when he is on the war fields
1930's Social / Leisure Event
Escapism from the Depression
Life during the Great Depression was not easy for the Sawford family and one way to escape the hardships of real life was through leisure activities and spending time together as a family. Some common leisure and social activities present were the radio, movies, picnics and sport games. This concept of escapism affected the family greatly by helping to relieve the stress from everyone once in awhile. First of all, Richard worked hard to keep the farming business up and running and when it was time for a break, the radio helped him relax by providing free broadcasts and music for him and his family. Sports was also a great outlet for stress and he loved playing baseball and hockey with his son, Jerome. Secondly, Julia puts in a lot of effort tending the fields and also doing daily housework and just like Richard, she enjoys listening to the radio for daily skits and stories to help the long days pass. Skating is also one of her hobbies to help her forget about the economical depression happening around her. Lastly, the idea of all these leisure activities as an escapism affects Jerome by providing an outlet of happiness for a child like him in a time of hardships and poor economy. One thing he enjoyed doing with his family was watching talkies. They are movies that have dialogue which was newly introduced at the time. One of his favorite movies was the Wizard of Oz and he would enjoy watching it with his family. Sports was also a hobby to participate in with his parents and his personal favorite was baseball with his father. Overall, the event of escapism during the Great Depression helped each family member relieve stress and be themselves again while forgetting about all the hardships around them for at least awhile.
1930's Political Event
Election of Prime Minister Bennett
Election of Prime Minister Bennett
Election of Prime Minister Bennett
During the time of the Great Depression, there was a general election between William Lyon Mackenzie King and Richard Bedford Bennett and King stated that he would wait out the depression while Bennett said that he would provide aid for the struggling citizens. At the end of the election, Bennett won and provided new strategies to help the citizens in need of help. The Sawford family was hit hard by the Great Depression since another crisis hit them as they lived in the Prairies. The Sawford family was having a hard life as they couldn't make a living out of their farm business. One way this event affected the Sawford family was allowing the family to apply for the Unemployment Relief Act introduced by Bennett (English), although unfortunately, they did lose quite a lot of possession such as their radio. Even though it didn't supply the family with a lot of money, they were still thankful as it was better than nothing. Another way that this event affected the family is providing Jerome with an idea of writing a polite letter to Prime Minister Bennett. He asked for aid with clothing, food, and perhaps farming tools as the crisis going on especially in the Prairies was tough for his family. Luckily for the Sawford family, PM Bennett replied and sent a few clothing articles and even a few extra bucks for food and farming tools. The family was obviously extremely thankful and they also felt that maybe this new political act could be better for them. Lastly, the election of Bennett affected the family by bringing a little bit more comfort to the Sawford family. Julia and Richard felt that the extra bit of relief they are getting would keep them alive for awhile and Jerome was thrilled that Bennett was actually willing to spend his own money to help his family out. Overall, the Sawford family was thankful for the aid, no matter how little, that they were getting from the new PM.
1930's Economic Event
The Depression on the Prairies
(Dust Bowls, Droughts & Grasshopper Invasions)
The Great Depression for the overall population was already really tough but unfortunately, it was even worse for people who lived in the Prairies or especially in the Palliser Triangle. Those areas were where many droughts and other unfavorable conditions for farmers were present. (Bonikowsky) The Sawford family lived in the Prairies in Manitoba and unfortunately, this made their life even harder as this event impacted them greatly. The family relied on farming as a business source and with the depression in the Prairies, this did not make their economical state any better. The first way that the depression in the Prairies affected them was the many droughts. Droughts made the soil infertile and dry and caused the crops to grow very slowly if they grew at all. Secondly, dust bowls were also causing an issue. Richard was desperate to make as much money as he can by selling more crops and this involved him overworking the fields making the soil dry and pretty much almost sand like. The drought didn't make the situation any better and with every farmer doing the same desperate actions as Richard, all soil turned into grain like substance. When heavy winds picked up, this ended up blowing the dry soil/sand up into huge sand storms or dust bowls causing major destruction to buildings and people. (HBC) Lastly, this affected the family through the annoying grasshopper invasions. In the slim chances where crops actually grew on the Sawford farm, massive clouds of grasshopper invasions would attack and eat everything in their way leaving an empty barren on the farm. Overall, all these events of the depression in the Prairies affected the Sawford family majorly by breaking down their only business source and making their economical ability to support themselves even more unstable. Richard and Julia are very concerned for their family at this point while Jerome sees how his family is slowly falling apart.
WWII War in Europe
Conscription Crisis
During WWII, the war was dragging on and PM King promised to not introduce conscription when he won the election. As the war continued to drag on, he got concerned and decided to let the citizens decide whether they want conscription or not to avoid tearing the country apart like what happened in the first world war. (Jones) This conscription crisis affected the Sawford family in many ways and one of those ways was their decision of whether they want conscription or not. Richard as a French Canadian was against the idea as he did not feel obliged to help out in the war as he felt that this was not his fight. Julia and Jerome was of course on his side as they did not want to lose their beloved husband and dad. PM King delayed the conscription but sadly, had to enforce it anyways later due to the decreasing amount of soldiers. This caused the second impact on the family as Richard was later conscripted to join the war and this affected the family greatly as they have lost a crucial family member. The final impact was from the aftermath of Richard leaving for the war. Julia was devastated of the loss of her husband and now she's alone to support Jerome and the farm. Jerome also lost his father figure who he may never see again. It was truly a tragic event for the entire Sawford family.
WWII (Social, Political, and/or Economic
Social Loss & Economic Boom
After the conscription crisis experienced by the Sawford family, Julia and Jerome pray for the best for Richard hoping that he is safe and very much alive. The war of WWII has affected the two remaining members of the Sawford members greatly after Richard left with no way of telling whether he would make it back home. The first way WWII impacted the family is socially. There is a huge loss present for the family and Julia and Jerome are heartbroken and worry about Richard every day and night. Socially, WWII has made the family lose a very important family relationship. The second way WWI impacted the family is economically and this may be the only silver lining for the remainder of the Sawford family. Since WWII requires weapons and munitions, factories and shops have began making and selling these weapons again making the economical depression into a economical boom. Life for the remainder of the Sawford family is slightly better as they could afford basic needs again and the farm business is also improving one step at a time. Although all this may distract Julia and her son for awhile, they would always think back to Richard and pray that he is okay and will come home someday. The last way WWII affects the family socially is through Richard himself. Richard is now a soldier but so far, he has not been sent to the front line yet although, he also misses his family and pray to be home with them some day. His social connection is cut off from his family therefore he can't contact his family members. Overall, WWII was not an easy time for the family socially, although on the bright side, Canada is economically stable again and so is the Sawford family.
WWII War on the Home Front
Women's Increased Roles in WWII
Life continued to progress for the Sawford family with Richard still in the war and Julia and Jerome still at home in their Manitoba home. However, with the many men gone to join the army, there are many new job opportunities that need to be filled in and the majority of the population left is female. Therefore, the government has decided to let the women of Canada to participate in the war efforts once again. This event affected the family by giving Julia more job opportunities and she decided that this would be a good opportunity to help out Richard in a way as if they were fighting the war together and as well as to support the family. She decided to help build munitions and make ammunition in factories along with other female workers.(American Women in World War II)This also affected Julia by helping her learn more about skills training and to develop her job experience. Another way this affected the family is through Jerome. Because his mother has to go to work, he is sent to a daycare. He's not exactly happy about being separated from his mom almost all day but he knows that his mom is trying to do the best she can to support the family. Finally, with all the propaganda posted around the towns during WWII, the family has also decided to buy victory bonds in hope to somewhat support Richard in war and also start rationalizing food from the farm to support the soldiers in war. Overall, lots of support was given and new opportunities were provided in the Sawford family from the home front to the war.
Note: After the war ended, Richard returned safe and sound as he was one of the lucky soldiers that were conscripted and never made it onto the front line. He returned home to his overjoyed family and they lived a new and happy chapter of life
Works Cited

Stacey, C.P. "Second World War (WWII)." The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada, 15 July 2013. Web. 15 July 2015. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/second-world-war-wwii/>.

Jones, Richard. "French Canadian Nationalism." The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada, 4 Mar. 2015. Web. 15 July 2015. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/french-canadian-nationalism/>.

*Information was also taken from the Power Points in the Google Classroom*

English, John. "Richard Bedford Bennett." The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada, 4 Mar. 2015. Web. 15 July 2015. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/richard-bedford-viscount-bennett/>.

Bonikowsky, Laura Neilson. "Drought in Palliser's Triangle." The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada, 14 July 2013. Web. 15 July 2015. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/drought-in-pallisers-triangle-feature/>.

"American Dust Bowl (1930s)." The Depression. HBC, 8 Nov. 2013. Web. 15 July 2015. <http://histclo.com/essay/war/dep/cou/us/dust.html>.

Jones, Richard, and J.L Granatstein. "Conscription." The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada, 12 Aug. 2014. Web. 15 July 2015. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/conscription/>.

"American Women in World War II: On the Home Front and Beyond." The National WWII Museum. The National WWII Museum, 2015. Web. 15 July 2015. <http://www.nationalww2museum.org/learn/education/for-students/ww2-history/at-a-glance/women-in-ww2.html?referrer=https://www.google.ca/>.

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