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Airport Scanning

Safety or Privacy?

Robert Hendricks

on 26 April 2010

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Transcript of Airport Scanning

Airport Scanning Should you have the right to know if a sexual predator is living in your neighborhood? Should the government be allowed to tap into your phone for investigative purposes? Should stores be able to videotape you in secrecy and save them for future viewing? If someone commits a crime, should it be aired to the public? Backscatter Advanced Imaging Technology September 11, 2001 Airline travel security increased their use of technology and training of security personnel Improved training of airport screeners
Checking all bags for bombs
Strengthening cockpit doors
Placing air marshals on flights
(none of these implicated privacy or other concerns)
Millimeter wave technology

Privacy or Safety? What about Privacy? The Transportation Security Officers (TSOs) who view the images will not be able to see the person being scanned.
If there is a problem, the TSO viewing the image communicates through a radio or red/green light system to the TSO at the checkpoint
Tells the location on the individual where the “threat item” is suspected
Highlighting figure

Then, a physical pat-down focused on the area of suspicion

Image Storage? NO! Image storage functions disabled by manufacturer before devices placed in airports
Image deleted for next individual to be screened
TSOs prohibited from bringing any device that has any photographic capability into the viewing area
Other security systems are limited in their ability to detect:
Plastic and ceramic weapons
After the September 11 attacks, TSA announced a proposal that they wanted to purchase and deploy these machines to search air travelers.
In January, 2010 the department of Homeland Security requested 72 MILLION dollars to invest in these detection systems
($100,000-$200,000 each)
According to the Obama administration plan announced February 1st, body scanners could be in nearly half the nation’s airport checkpoints by late 2011
$215 million proposal
500 scanners next year added onto the 450 to be bought in 2010
Largest addition of airport security equipment since right after September 11.
Also proposed for 2011 budget:
Increase number of airport officers who patrol terminals for suspicious passengers
Increase number of bomb-sniffing dogs
Add an unspecified number of air marshals to international flights
“The American people understand that this threat is real, and if we can provide equipment that will make their flights safer and prevent another attack, they will be supportive.”
Senior House Appropriations Committee member representative Nita Lowey supports the Obama administration’s decision to add 500 scanners into airports
“It will show the private parts of people, but what we’ve decided is that we’re not going to blur these out, because it severely limits the detection capabilities.” According to the Office of Transport Security Manager, Cheryl Johnson... Airports Currently Using The Technology Albuquerque International Sunport Airport
Boston Logan International Airport
Charlotte Douglas International Airport
Chicago O’Hare International Airport
Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport
Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport
Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport
Denver International Airport
Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport
Detroit Metro Airport
Indianapolis International Airport
Jacksonville International Airport
Kansas City International Airport
McCarran International Airport
Los Angeles International Airport
Miami International Airport

Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport
Raleigh-Durham International Airport
Richmond International Airport
Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport
San Francisco International Airport
Salt Lake City International Airport
Tampa International Airport
Tulsa International Airport

Popularity has grown since the Detroit incident
Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab tried to conceal high explosives in hiss underwear on Christmas
Now popular because can detect contraband that passenger may smuggle onto an airplane
"Body scanners produce graphic images of travelers' bodies and are an assault on their essential dignity," said Barry Steinhardt, director of the ACLU's Technology and Liberty Project.
Human Rights
Money could be used for other things
Hard to decipher
What can’t they find?
Increases risks for airport staff
Relying too much on technology
Should be training staff to suspicious behavior instead of new technology
Terrorists will adapt
Pros •Images aren’t stored
•Minor sacrifice for your safety
•No one can get image back
•Just like @ doctor and you strip
oTo check for your safety
•Time limit
•Santa Clara Law Review approves it as a supplementary way to check for explosives etc.
•Can prevent occurrences like 9/11
•More efficient
oPeople have metal plates won’t be stopped
We surveyed 100 people and... Which would you prefer when passing through a security checkpoint in an airport, a pat down, or stepping through the x-ray/whole body imaging technology? Survey Says...! 80% Body X-Ray 20% Pat-Down Does it concern you that the new imaging machines emit low levels of radiation? Survey Says...! 54% No 46% Yes Do you believe the installation of these new machines and implementation of this new security measure will make the country safer and more secure? Survey Says...! 21% N0 79% Yes Do you believe that the enforcement of these new machines in airports is a violation of your rights? 81% No 19% Yes Survey Says...! Are you personally willing to undergo this new security measure because you believe it will make the country safer? Survey Says...! 18% No 82% Yes
What Do We Think? We believe in the use of these scanning machines.
Safety outweighs privacy.
It’s a matter of national security.
It will make the process a lot more efficient
Especially for those who have had hip or knee replacements that contain metal.
Capable of detecting more than metal detectors and pat-downs.
It’s an alternative to being pat-down
Experts state the radiation emitted is not enough to cause harm to people.
Terrorists will always adapt, there is no way that we can ever ensure complete and full security. However, do we just give up figuring out new ways to stop them? We need to take every precaution possible.
As far as privacy goes, the person viewing the scans is in a separate room and therefore is not in direct contact with the person being scanned. Also, the TSA worker that is in direct contact with the person being scanned cannot see the scanned images.
Conterarguments Sources http://www.livescience.com/technology/090401-airport-scan.html
http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:DPx2WsWX9L0J:www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/privacy/privacy_pia_tsa_wbiupdate.pdf+department+of+homeland+security+and+backscatter+technology&hl=en&gl=us&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESgg-NnbGy-iF4oXtfd48NUofsgmbzFPi2omcsYWj0iwpz8Zr-asQ_nMAajF84A4e6rIAXtcPPgUKCdZP-wk0ElsNOHLbOz6Rpvu3o_Rv5SlPMeKftwxVAmQEwhHNpeRqhzA-F2z&sig=AHIEtbQc0J3IuI4DZn5A6ATilzc6q_01Wg (Department of Homeland Security Privacy Impact Assessment Whole Body Imaging Update)

Passenger screened by high-energy X-ray beam moving rapidly over the body.
Allows a highly realistic image to be constructed.
For airline-passenger screening…image is of the traveler’s nude form. X-ray dose of radiation received is equivalent to the radiation that a passenger would receive in two minutes on an airplane flight at high altitudes.
The new advancements require less scanning time which reduces the passenger’s x-ray exposure. BACKSCATTER X-RAY TECHNOLOGY TWO TECHNOLOGIES BACKSCATTER X-RAY TECHNOLOGY Millimeter wave technology http://www.youtube.com /watch?v=gQ5dN23GTko
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