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Transcript of Euthanasia
Austin Hwang and Nathan Nguyen
History in the U.S.
Euthanasia was first used in ancient civilizations such as Greece and Rome and an approved custom in several other ancient societies.
The first organizations to promote euthanasia in the United States were formed in the 1930's. For decades these groups remained small and had little impact until the 1970's.
On November 8th, 1994, Oregon became the first government in the world to legalize physician assisted suicide when voters passed a statewide ballot measure. Soon in 1997 it became active.
Washington passed an act legalizing assisted suicide in November 2008 and Montana soon followed on December 31, 2009.
California placed Proposition 161 on the ballot in 1992, Michigan included Proposal B in 1998, and Hawaii is currently debating the issue
What does euthanasia mean?
It originated from the Greece
with the Greek prefix "eu",
meaing good or well, the
Greek root "thanatos"
,meaing death, and the
Latin suffx "ia "
Dying quickly and
Easy, painless happy
death in which it is
to alleviate physical
sufferings of the body
A painless inducement
of a quick death
The painless killing of
a patient suffering from an incurable and painful disease or in an irreversible coma
While it may sound pretty simple...take a look at this
The even bigger problems
MANY REASONS ARE INVALID FOR REQUESTING
Many do not know the real issue of legalizing euthanasia
History in the World
In 2001, the Netherlands
became the first country in the world as a whole to legalize
Belgium became the second
country in the world the
following year in 2002
Australia has legalized
it in some places in the
last few years
In 2010, Luxembourg started
discussing the possibility
of legalizing euthanasia
Why it is bad
Why is it good
History and Laws
Ethnicity and Religion
When the person who is killed has requested to be killed
When the person who is killed made no request and gave no consent
When the person who is killed made an expressed wish to the contrary
Active euthanasia occurs when the medical professionals deliberately do something that causes the patient to die
The intentional killing by act or omission of a dependent human being for his or her alleged benefit
Someone provides an individual with the information, guidance, and means to take his or her own life with the intention that they will be used for this purpose
Passive euthanasia occurs when the patient dies because the medical professionals either don't do something necessary to keep the patient alive, or when they stop doing something that is keeping the patient alive
Ethnicity and Gender
IS THIS RIGHT???
Food and Water Cessation
more than 70% of individuals fear dying alone or in pain.
What is a good death?
Our human rights imply the right to die
Death is a private matter
Euthanasia already happens, so why not regulate it?
Allowing euthanasia may free up scarce health resources
- Profit driven healthcare
- World population rapidly increasing
- Cost of lethal injection: $35 - $50
- Way less than sustaining life
- Is it ever right to kill someone, even with a reason?
- Throughout civil society, murder was always deemed the worst crime
- This would break the cornerstone law of our society
- There would be no turning back
- Too easily stretched and too many loopholes
- Definition of voluntary can't be made
- All regulations rely on physician judgement which can be easily compromised
- Too manipulable
- Even if precise guidelines could be made it wouldn't work because it won't be justified for each unique case
There are five main problems: financial abuses, immorality, protection laws being futile, medical society being compromised, and invalid reasons for requesting euthanasia.
MEDICAL SOCIETY WILL BE COMPROMISED
- "Do no harm" and "I will give no deadly medicine, even if asked" (Chun 49)
- Teaching students how to administer death
- So long regarded as a life giving force will become delivers of death
- Doctor roles will be confused
- Not sufficiently mature, balanced, and independent
- Acute pain
- May see relieve through death while good palliative care could change it
- 90% of suicides related to mental illness
- "No physical symptoms experienced at the time of request were higher than 2 on a 1 to 5 scale. In most cases, future concerns about physical symptoms were rated as more important than physical symptoms present at the time of the request." (Jensen 121)
Works well where it is legalized?
Evidence shows that it does not
From euthanasia for the terminally ill to euthanasia for the chronically ill
From euthanasia for physical illness to euthanasia for psychological distress
From voluntary euthanasia to non-voluntary euthanasia and involuntary euthanasia
This leads it to become abused power throughout time
Which will inevitably lead to the compromise of trust in the medical society
Netherlands has gone from assisted suicide to euthanasia
- Patients will never be able trust their adviser's advice
Why should a method that is risky be legalized if three other methods are already available?
Iconic Thinking Questions
What could be the impact of our city, state, country, or world if euthanasia is not dealt with appropriately?
Why or how would this issue be significant and/or contribute to others and their lives over time?
If the issue isn't death with properly there could be thousands of unnecessary deaths and an abused power that would greatly harm the society.
Many painful deaths would occur that would otherwise be painless
The issue of euthanasia would affect the treatment of terminally ill patients, change the options provided, and create a whole different moral standard
There should be more publications of choices and letting the community know about the options. Palliative care could be improved and you could let your friends and family know about it.
Angell, Marcia, Marilyn Golden, Kevin Yuill, Barry Corbet, John Shelby Spong, and Peter Jensen. "Physician-Assisted Suicide." Euthanasia. By Lisa Yount. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven, 2010. 78-125. Print. Contemporary Issues Companion.
Armstrong, Chris, John S. Spong, SAVES, Trudy Chun, and Marian Wallace. "Is Euthanasia Ethical?" Euthanasia. By Carrie L. Snyder. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2006. 20-52. Print. Opposing Viewpoints.
Beauchamp, Tom L., Ph.D. "Euthanasia." Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia. Microsoft, 31 Oct. 2009. Web. 31 Oct. 2012. <http://www.refseek.com/data/cache/en/1/Euthanasia.html>.
Donnelly, Sinéad, Ph.D. Euthanasia Deaths in the Netherlands. 2012. Photograph. Journal of the New Zealand Medical Association, Wellington, New Zealand. Alex Schadenberg. Euthanasia Prevention Coalition, 23 Nov. 2012. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://alexschadenberg.blogspot.com/2012/11/debates-on-euthanasia-soul-of-medicine.html>.
Gant12000. Grim's Euthanasia Trip. 2006. Photograph. DeviantArt. 7 Oct. 2006. Web. 2 Mar. 2013. <http://gant12000.deviantart.com/art/Grim-s-Euthanasia-trip-16892747>.
Helling, Alex. "This House Believes Assisted Suicide Should Be Legalized." Debatabase. International Debate Education Assosciation, 15 Oct. 2012. Web. 1 Nov. 2012. <http://idebate.org/debatabase/debates/philosophy/house-believes-assisted-suicide-should-be-legalized>.
The Holy Bible. "30 Bible Verses About Euthanasia." What Does the Bible Say About Euthanasia? OpenBible, 2011. Web. 12 Mar. 2013. <http://www.openbible.info/topics/euthanasia>.
Keown, John Shelby, Jocelyn Downie, Oregon Right To Life (ORTL), Death with Dignity National Center (DDNC), Barry Corbet, David J. Mayo, and Martin Gunderson. "Would Legalizing Voluntary Euthanasia Lead to Abuses?" Euthanasia. By Carrie L. Snyder. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2006. 130-96. Print. Opposing Viewpoints.
Knickerbocker, Brad, Kathryn L. Tucker, Courtney S. Campbell, Oregon Right To Life (ORTL), and Disability Rights Education & Defense Fund (DREDF). "Does Assisted Suicide Work Well Where It Is Legal?" Assisted Suicide. By Noël Merino. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2012. 130-56. Print. Current Controversies.
- With amount of terminally ill growing larger the risk of euthanasia is also increasing
- If it becomes widespread, it would help criminals and corrupt organizations get away with murder
- Damage societal values and respect for human life
-Euthanasia provides a peaceful passing to people who would have a painful death
To support the legalization of euthanasia, research bills relating to the “Death with Dignity Act,” and support them. In addition, donations can be made to the Death with Dignity National Center, a “501(c)(3), non-partisan, non-profit, organization."
-Removes all the fears and pain of death to ensure a comfortable death
-Three states have already legalized euthanasia
Religion and Ethnicity
Why is it Bad?
Why is it Good?
Iconic Thinking Questions
"Death with Dignity Around the U.S." Death with Dignity National Center. Death with Dignity National Center, 13 Mar. 2013. Web. 13 Mar. 2013. <http://www.deathwithdignity.org/advocates/national>.
Ethics of Euthanasia." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/euthanasia/overview/keywords.shtml>.
Euthanasia Statistics." Statistic Brain RSS. Statistic Bran, n.d. Web. 07 Mar. 2013. <http://www.statisticbrain.com/euthanasia-statistics/>.
"Facts About Euthanasia." Facts About Euthanasia. Nightingale Alliance, n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2013. <http://www.terrisfight.org/facts-about-euthanasia/>. Hall, John.
ttp://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/euthanasia/overview/keywords.shtml>. Liss, Steve. "Dr. Jack Kevorkian." TIME. TIME Magazine, 31 May 1993. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. <http://www.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,19930531,00.html>. Muehlenberg, Bill. "Euthanasia "Safeguards" and the Slippery Slope." BillMuehlernberg. CultureWatch, 9 Sept. 2010. Web. 13 Mar. 2013. <http://www.billmuehlenberg.com/2010/10/09/euthanasia-“safeguards”-and-the-slippery-slope/>. "The Oregon Approach." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/euthanasia/overview/regulation_1.shtml>. Osorio, Carlos. "Dr. Jack Kevorkian Dies at 83." The New York Times. N.p., 3 June 2011. Web. 26 Feb. 2013. <http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/reference/timestopics/people/k/jack_kevorkian/index.html>. "Patient's Best Interests." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/euthanasia/against/against_1.shtml>. "Religion and Euthanasia." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/euthanasia/religion/religion.shtml>. "What Is a Good Death?" BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 07 Mar. 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/euthanasia/overview/gooddeath.shtml>. "What Is Palliative Care?" What Is Palliative Care? Center to Palliative Care, n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013. <http://www.getpalliativecare.org/whatis/>.
("Key Terms and Definitions" 1-2)
("Ethics guide" 1)
("Twelve principles" 1)
("Arguments based on rights" 1)
("Practical arguments" 1)
("Religion and Euthanasia" 1-4)