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Historic Types of Government
Transcript of Historic Types of Government
auto = self
cracy (kratos) = power Latin terms
mono = single, alone
arhkein = rule Latin
dictare = one who has absolute power or authority Greek
tyrannos = master Italian
fascio = group, association
literaly a bundle Theocracy Greek
theos = god
kratos = to rule Oligarchy Greek
oligoi = few
arkhein = to rule Democracy Greek
demos = common people
kratos = rule, strength Republic Latin
res = affair, matter, thing
publica = public Anarchy Greek
arkhos = leader Communism Common word
Commune = to share Definition:
glorifies nation & race above the individual citizen
centralized government headed by a dictatorial leader
severe economic ($$) and social regimentation (everyone wants to be the same as everyone else)
forcible suppression of opposition (kill anyone that doesn't agree Definition
Owns all property in common
All economic and social activity is controlled by government
state dominated by single and self-perpetuating political party. Government that:
a state of society without government or law.
political & social disorder due to the absence of governmental control
cooperative & voluntary groups to organize society. Government that:
supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote for representatives
representatives then make decisions for the best of society government by the people
power is exercised directly by the people under a free electoral system (people vote for every decision).
society characterized by equality of rights.
political/social equality Government that:
all power is vested in a few persons or in a dominant class (clique)
Government by the few
Not always the rich
Mostly the well connected/educated
Government exploits the poor Government in which:
god or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler
God's or deity's laws being interpreted by the ecclesiastical authorities (priest class).
Priests claim a divine order from God.
Country's laws are based on religious laws Government which:
a noble, helped by regular citizens, that forcible takes over the Government (ruled by a King or by an Oligarchy) in order to help the poorer citizens
exercises arbitrary or unrestrained power
despotic (absolute) abuse of authority. Government in which:
one person reigns, usually a king or queen.
The authority, or crown, is inherited (passed from father to son/daughter). Government in which:
absolute power is exercised by a dictator (similar to king).
Leader has absolute, complete, or overbearing power or control of his people and their property.
The leader violently takes power of the government, and is usually a military General.
The Dictator rules by "force and fear" In ancient Greece, citizenship was based on:
Both parents were born in the same city
Being a free man (property owner/not a slave) In Ancient Rome, citizenship was based on:
1 Parent being a citizen
Being a free man (owning property/not being a slave)
Citizenship could also be gained by serving in the Military for 20 years. People don't need rules because:
you do the right thing because it is "the right thing"
Don't speed for the safety of others, not from fear of punishment Historic