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Japanese Occupation in Indonesia

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indonesian studies

on 17 September 2015

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Transcript of Japanese Occupation in Indonesia

JAPANESE OCCUPATION IN INDONESIA
The background story of Japanese Invasion In Indonesia
The process of Japanese Invasion in Indonesia
The poster outline of the Japanese entry in Batavia, as depicted by the Japanese

Indonesian Nationalist movement in the era of Japanese occupation
Until
1942
, Indonesia was colonised by the Netherlands and was known as the Dutch East Indies.

In
1929
, during the Indonesian National Awakening, Indonesian nationalist leaders Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, predict on the
Pacific War
and that a Japanese advance on Indonesia might be advantageous for the independence.

The Japanese spread the word that they were the 'Light of Asia'.


Japan
was the only Asian nation that had successfully transformed itself into a modern technological society at the end of the
19th
century and it remained independent and had
beaten
a European power,
Russia
, in war.

Following its military campaign in China Japan turned its attention to
Southeast Asia.
Seeing as Asians as a 'Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere', under Japanese leadership.


The
Japanese
had gradually spread their
influence
through
Asia
in the first half of the 20th century and during the 1920s and 1930s had established business links in the Indies.

These ranged from small town barbers, photographic studios and salesmen, to large department stores and firms such as
Suzuki
and
Mitsubishi
becoming involved in the sugar trade.

A number of Japanese had been sent by their government to establish links with Indonesian nationalists, particularly with
Muslim parties
, while
Indonesian nationalists
were sponsored to visit Japan.
'Bung Karno', and his vice president, Mohammad Hatta, as the founding fathers of Indonesia.
The Japanese Invasion of Indonesia, 1942
· On
8 December 1941
, the Netherlands declared
war
on Japan.

· In January the American-British-Dutch-Australian Command
(ABDACOM)
was formed to co-ordinate Allied forces in South East Asia, under the commander of
General Archibald Wavell
.

· By
January 1942
, parts of
Sulawesi
and
Kalimantan
were under Japanese control.


· By
February
, the Japanese had landed on
Sumatra
where they had encouraged the Acehnese to rebel against the Dutch.

· On
19 February 1942
, having already taken
Ambon
, the Japanese Eastern Task Force landed in
Timor
, dropping a special parachute unit into West Timor near Kupang, and landing in the Dili area of Portuguese Timor to drive out the Allied forces which had invaded in December.

· On
27 February 1942
, the Allied navy's last effort to contain Japan was swept aside by their defeat in the
Battle of the Java Sea
.

· From
28 February to 1 March 1942
, Japanese troops landed on four places along the
northern coast of Java
almost undisturbed.

· In places where there were no Dutch troops, such as
Bali
, there was
no fighting
.

· On
9 March 1942
, the Dutch commander surrendered along with Governor General
Jonkheer A.W.L. Tjarda van Stankenborgh Stachouwer
.

· The Japanese occupation was initially greeted with optimistic enthusiasm by Indonesians who came to meet the Japanese army waving flags and shouting support such as
"Japan is our older brother"
and "banzai Dai Nippon".
Japanese attacks along the Malay Barrier December 23, 1941 – February 21, 1942.
Field Marshal Archibald Percival Wavell, (5 May 1883 – 24 May 1950) was a senior commander in the British Army.
· In decades, the Dutch had been
suppressing
the nationalist movement in Indonesia

· During the Japanese occupation, encouragement of the Indonesian nationalistic, created new Indonesian institutions, and promoted
nationalist
leaders such as
Sukarno
.

· Japanese encouraged Indonesian nationalism in Java, but only after the Japanese would
lose
the war).
· Japanese encouraged Indonesian nationalistic movements and recruiting Indonesian nationalist leaders;
Sukarno
,
Hatta
,
Ki Hajar Dewantara
and
Kyai Haji Mas Mansyur
to rally the people support for mobilisation centre
Putera
(Indonesian: Pusat Tenaga Rakyat) in 16 April 1943, replaced with
Jawa Hokokai
in 1 March 1944.

· Some mobilised populations were sent to forced labour as
romusha
.
· Japanese military also provided Indonesian youth with military trainings and weapons, called
PETA
(Pembela Tanah Air – Defenders of the Homeland).

· The Japanese military trainings for Indonesian youth originally was meant to
rally
the local's support for the collapsing power of Japanese Empire
· The training later become resource for Indonesian National Revolution in 1945 to 1949, and also has leads to the formation of
Indonesian National Armed Forces
in 1945.

· On 29 April 1945,
BPUPKI
(Indonesian Independence Effort Exploratory Committee) (Dokuritsu Jyunbi Choosakai), a Japanese-organized committee for granting independence to Indonesia. Founded by Lt. Gen.
Kumakichi Harada
, the commander of 16th Army in Java.
Full transcript