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Singapore Malaysia Water Conflict

World Studies Water Wars Project.
by

Nick W

on 23 November 2012

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Transcript of Singapore Malaysia Water Conflict

By Doo Woong, Nick, Jason Singapore Malaysia River Conflict -Singapore and Malaysia have a long standing feud over the supply of water. The source of this conflict is economic and political.
-Malaysia feels that Singapore is not paying enough for its water.

-Malaysia often threatens to cut of Singapore's water supply if Singapore does not meet Malaysia's political demands. Singapore seeks it's own water source to be freed of Malaysia's political threats. Characteristics Who is affected Where/when/how has the conflict turned violent What is being done to alleviate tension in this conflict? Singapore has developed a costly way to sustain themselves with water. They have developed this strategy called "The Four Tap Strategy."
By 2010, Singapore had built a desalination plant and a new water barrage to help increase their source of raw water. They also built five NEWater plants. What are the future prospects for conflict or cooperation? Singapore aims to be self sufficient before their agreement with Malaysia ends in 2061.
They plan to achieve this by utilizing the Four Tap Strategy.
NEWater plans to supply 50% of Singapore's water by 2060.
Singapore's self sustain will allow immunity from Malaysia's threats to end Singapore's water supply. Singapore:
- Loses money from selling water back to Johor.
- Bigger loss if NEWater was used as substitute.
-Risk of War. (Singapore Armed Forces) Malaysia has threatened Singapore politically with threats to cut off their water supply. Malaysia has this certain power over Singapore because they can cut off their main source of water at any given moment.
Military action could be put into effect is the situation is not resolved properly.
Violence level - Low. Bibliography http://www.ecologyasia.com/news-archives/2003/jun-03/straitstimes_030630_1.htm
http://www.singapore-window.org/sw02/020311af.htm
http://www.singapore-window.org/sw02/020317ns.htm

http://www.kln.gov.my/water.htm

http://www.eldis.org/static/DOC14581.htm

http://www.getforme.com/singaporemalaysiaupdates.htm

http://www.mggpillai.com/article.php3?sid=2218

http://www.wsws.org/news/1998/aug1998/mal-a19.shtml

http://www.singapore-window.org/sw99/90608afp.htm Video -First began on 5th December 1927 between His Highness the Sultan and Sovereign Ruler of the State and Territories of Johor and the Municipal Commissioners of the Town of Singapore.

Most water sources for Singapore comes from the Tebrau River, the Scudai River, the Pontian Reservoir, and the Gunung Pulai Reservoir. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_conflicts_between_Malaysia_and_Singapore
http://www.straitstimes.com/breaking-news/singapore
http://imcmsimages.mediacorp.sg/CMSFileserver/documents/006/PDF/20110901/0109HNP003.pdf
http://www.circleofblue.org/waternews/tag/water-conflicts-between-malaysia-and-singapore/
http://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2012/07/25/water-wars-central-theme-is-money/
http://www1.american.edu/ted/ice/singapore.htm
http://www.tindakmalaysia.com/showthread.php/887-Malaysia-Singapore-Water-Dispute http://www.dolphins-world.com/images/top_dolphin_facts_2.jpg On 1st Sept. 1961 - Singapore and Malaysia agreed on 86 million gallons per day. On 29 Sept. 1962 - Increased the water supply to 250 million gallons per day. On 24 Nov. 1990 - The Public Utilities Board (PUB) of Singapore and Johor's state government signed a supplementary to the 1962 pact. Malaysia:
-Price of Water: 3 sen per 1,000 imperial gallons.
- Risk of war.
- Johor subsidized.
- Continues to lose money due to delays in negotiations.
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