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Chaparral Biome Project

A presentation on the Chaparral Biome. Please leave a comment.
by

Kaden Graham

on 15 May 2014

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Transcript of Chaparral Biome Project

Costa's hummingbird


Coast horned lizard


Rosy boa
Blue Oak


Common Sage Brush


King Protea
Puma

Golden Jackal

Bezoar Goat

Island Grey Fox
Chaparral
Biome
1
2. Rocks - The chaparral is full of different kinds of rocks including quartz and granite. These serve as hiding places for small insects and lizards, as well as a way for animals to camouflage.

3. Nutrient Poor Soil - The chaparral has soil that is horrible for planting regular plants like flowers and crops. Some of the only plants that do thrive in the chaparral are trees and certain types of fungi.

Weather
Report

Abiotic Factors
1. Fires - Fires are normally widespread and they happen during the summer. The fires are very large, and kill off many animals. Thankfully the burned trees create ashes that are full of nutrients for the soil.
Native Organisms
14 in
Average Precipitation
36cm
64°F
Average Temperature
16°C
Animals
Plants
Adaptions
Blue Oak
They can survive in weather above 100° F for weeks.
Common Sagebrush
Deep tap roots find water when when there is little rain.
King Protea
They have adapted to get water through there leaves.
Threats to the Biome
Cooperation and Competition
Threats to the Biome
One of the big threats to the chaparral is excessive fire. They have many forest fires every year, causing trees and grasses to burn making hundreds of animals lose their home and have nothing to eat.
Another threat to the chaparral is "fuel" treatments conducted by the USFS. They cut down many trees, and burn them to create fuel to help things like cars and boats run.
Another huge threat is "prescribed" fires. They use these to fertilize the land so that more diverse plants can grow and different animals can live there. The only problem is that with these prescribed fires, they are burning down trees which are homes to animals like squirrels, birds and other bugs that are native.
The weather in chaparrals is very hot so there is a huge "competition" for water and food. Some plants that would compete for this are California coffee berry and the Silk-tassel bush.
Cooperation among the animals is very rare. but in some cases bigger animals can be helpful to smaller animals. For example the yucca plant and the yucca moth share a mutual relationship. The female yucca moth is the sole pollinator of the yucca plant and the yucca plant is the sole host for the caterpillars of the yucca moth.
Chaparral Location
The chaparral Is located in
northern Baja California.
However, the chaparral's biggest concentration is in the Mediterranean basin. In fact the chaparral is located on the coast of every continent.
Adaptions
Quiz
1. Name one plant native to the Chapparal.
2. What is the average temperature in Fahrenheit.
Blue Oak, Common Sagebrush, King Protea
64°F
Created by: Benian Yao, Kaden Graham, and Ian Rathmell

Puma -
The puma's main diet is meat but it will eat many other animals like insects, birds and mice.
Golden Jackal -
The golden Jackal has adapted to grow a thick coat in the winter and eat bugs as an alternate food source.
Bezoar Goat -
The Bezoar Goat uses it's horns to defend itself and fight for females.
Island Grey Fox -
Island Grey Foxes can turn their front paws inward to help them climb.
Global Importance of the Biome
This biome is very important to the rest of the world because without it, we probably wouldn't have enough oxygen to live. The chaparral is mostly made up of trees and different diverse plants, which provide homes as well as food to most organisms living in the chaparral. Animals like squirrels and birds use the trees for food and homes, the squirrels get acorns from oak trees and the bird builds nests high up in different tree branches.
Impact of Climate Change
If the climate of the chaparral biome increased, the already blazing temperatures would cause drought. There are only 14-17 inches of rain, and this small amount of rain fall would probably drop to 4-5 inches causing animals and vegetation to die. If the climate of the chaparral dropped it would also be chaotic. The animals in the chaparral are built for the warm. If the temperature were to drop the animals would not be able to cope with the cold. Also the plant life will take some time to adapt to the changes in temperature and climate.
EndangeredAnimals
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