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Chicago Vertical Farm & Market

Thesis Final - Demetra Vartzikos
by

elizabeth neuffer

on 7 March 2013

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Transcript of Chicago Vertical Farm & Market

Thesis Final Elizabeth Neuffer VERTICAL FARM: plant and animal life mass produced in hermetically sealed, artificial environments for commercial purposes.

- Dickson Despommier vertical problems associated with VF's may be cost prohibitive
too much energy needed ENERGY thin film BIPV SUNLIGHT light heat insulated block walls (maintains heat) WASTE anaerobic digester biogas generator how does it work? hydroponics method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions, in water, without soil. Terrestrial plants may be grown with their roots in the mineral nutrient solution only or in an inert medium, such as perlite, gravel, mineral wool, or coconut husk. aeroponics system wherein roots are continuously or discontinuously kept in an environment saturated with fine drops (a mist or aerosol) of nutrient solution. The method requires no substrate and entails growing plants with their roots suspended in a deep air or growth chamber with the roots periodically wetted with a fine mist of atomized nutrients uses 70% less water than traditional methods uses 95% less water than traditional methods aquaponics system that combines a traditional aquaculture (raising aquatic animals such as fish, crayfish or prawns in tanks) with hydroponics (cultivating plants in water) in a symbiotic environment. tilapia*
cod
trout
perch
arctic char
bass leafy greens
herbs
spinach
microgreens
tomatoes
canteloupe
bell pepper sweet potatoes
strawberries
bell pepper
turnips
radishes
onions
beans
okra plants that thrive in this system are: most commonly cultivated fish in aquaponics are: this diagram demonstrates how waste and sunlight will create energy for the building and how water and heat will also be a part of a closed-loop process help feed growing population
proper food distribution
stop deforestation
reduce climate change
less land taken up by agriculture
combat heat island effect
reduce/deplete agricultural runoff
ecosystem restoration
employment opportunities
protect against severe weather damaged crops
year-round crop production
no pesticides, herbicides or fertilizers used
70%-95% less water use
reduce food miles
control food safety & security all these processes contribute to a closed-loop system that is integral for a vertical farm to maintain itself sustainably brief history first farmers: problems in the beginning; crops consumed nutrients without replacing them
agricultural gods were responsible
failed due to lack of knowledge ancient egypt discover the usefulness of the dung beetle; fertilizer needed for crops to grow ancient peru create innovative irrigation techniques still used today; water critical for successful crops today's farmers convergence of 4 things depicts today's agriculture american civil war 1 discovery of oil 2 invention of the internal combustion engine 3 invention of dynamite 4 new age of farming begins, let the land clearing commence! by WWII, commercial farming came to a halt and people started private "Victory" gardens

land that was considered wasteland prior to the war now was thriving with wildlife and dominant plant species

power of being left alone allowed the ecosystem to restore itself

hydroponic facilities were used during the war to feed the troops. after the war, hydroponics were forgotten about and machinery that was invented for warfare was being used on farmlands

commercial farming as we know it begins dust bowl of 1930 farmers destroyed lands by depleting essential nutrients if we continue with our current farming techniques, in 20-30 years we will need an additional land mass the size of Brazil, this land does not exist tomorrow's farmers need to provide more food, more evenly throughout the world
need to reduce water usage
need to reduce agricultural runoff
need to adjust to climate change
need to carefully monitor food production
need to respect natural selection
the list goes on . . . the WHO predicts by 2050 the world's population will be 8.6 billion? that's almost 2 billion more people than we currently have. DID YOU KNOW? should've learned from the ancient egyptians of agriculture farming the building & site old cook county hospital located in Chicago's near west side
cities best example of Beaux Arts style architecture
built in 1913-14
Paul Gerhardt was the architect
8 stories in height
2 blocks in length
each floor is 33,300 sf
total building square footage is 266,400
south facade of building is completely exposed, very useful for harnessing solar energy north the program 1st floor blackacre brasserie chicago vertical farm & market seating for 150+
total sf: 5,500+
kitchen sf: 2,000+
seating sf: 3,500+ mezz. level bar
additional seating
private dining room reception
tasting room w/ bar & seating
optional tasting bar for gallery
brewing tank area
fermentation area
bottling area
sink area
laboratory
offices BRASSERIE:
type of French restaurant with a relaxed, upscale setting, which serves single dishes and other meals. The word 'brasserie' is also French for "brewery" gallery/lobby main entrance
information desk
aquaponics display
can be used for private functions 2nd floor fresh produce grown on farm floors will be sold here
mezzanine level of blackacre brasserie
catwalk from 2nd floor market to blackacre mezzanine
storage 3rd floor farming floor aquaponic systems
plant beds
fish tanks
water holding tank
spawning area mushroom growing area
mycology lab
offices
storage client & concepts sustainability features harvest rainwater & condensation to be utilized for: water hydroponic systems
aquaponic systems
aeroponic systems
toilets
make-up process water
micro-irrigation in greenhouse on-site renewable energy in two forms: energy solar thin-film building integrated photovolataic panels (BIPV) on south facade biogas produced from waste generated from the building & surrounding buildings through anaerobic digestion heat on farming floors: only fish tanks will be heated, the heat will be maintained via insulated block walls and lighting. no excess energy required. humidity will be regulated via an enthalpy (heat) wheel IEQ proper ventilation will be maintained to ensure excellent indoor air quality on the farming floors materials & resources the building infrastructure will be reused
various local materials will be specified all construction waste will be documented & will either be salvaged or recycled client: dr. dickson despommier microbiologist, ecologist and Professor of Public Health in Environmental Health Sciences at Columbia University pioneer of today's vertical farming concept goals: maintain a functioning vertical farm with minimal operational cost produce a net-zero waste, net-zero energy building provide the local community with organic, good quality produce & other various services dr. despommier has decided to reuse the existing cook county hospital building to prove his vertical farm theories can be put into practice. his ideas can be found in his book, "The Vertical Farm: Feeding the World in the 21st Century". he plans to make the Chicago Vertical Farm & Market an example to be followed for future vertical farms. currently, he is seeking governmental contributions and establishing his vertical farm non-profit organization to provide for the economic consideration of this project. additional aid will be provided by local students & volunteers interested in the cause. provide for the future by engineering a new building type that will be self-sufficient through closed-loop processing & renewable energies design concept: remembering the past of agriculture and looking into the future of architecture, a play on reversal will define this industrial aesthetic which then combines with geometry and the appearance of raw materials to create this rustic, unique environment sustainability concept: chicago vertical farm & market the plant- chicago plants cleaned water fish ammonia nitrates market & restaurant brewery spent grain mushrooms bakery cheese kitchen whey CO2 CO2 waste waste jobs food for community process programming key farming elements from World War II Plant Chicago is a nonprofit dedicated to promoting sustainable food production, entrepreneurship, and building reuse through education, research and development. To this end, Plant Chicago is repurposing a 93,500 sq. ft. retired meatpacking facility, The Plant, into a net- zero energy vertical farm. A complex and highly interrelated system, one-third of The Plant will hold aquaponic growing systems and the other two-thirds will incubate sustainable food businesses by offering low rent, low energy costs, and a licensed shared kitchen. The Plant will create 125 jobs in Chicago’s economically distressed Back of the Yards neighborhood – but, remarkably, these jobs will require no fossil fuel use. Instead, The Plant will eventually divert over 10,000 tons of food waste from landfills each year to meet all of its heat and power needs. Growing Power transforms communities by supporting people from diverse backgrounds and the environments in which they live through the development of Community Food Systems. These systems provide high-quality, safe, healthy, affordable food for all residents in the community. Growing Power develops Community Food Centers, as a key component of Community Food Systems, through training, active demonstration, outreach, and technical assistance. Since its inception, Growing Power has served as a ”living museum” or “idea factory” for the young, the elderly, farmers, producers, and other professionals ranging from USDA personnel to urban planners. Training areas include the following: acid-digestion, anaerobic digestion for food waste, bio-phyto remediation and soil health, aquaculture closed-loop systems, vermiculture, small and large scale composting, urban agriculture, perma-culture, food distribution, marketing, value-added product development, youth development, community engagement, participatory leadership development, and project planning. growing power milwaukee & chicago the plant plant beds fish tanks WATER enthalpy heat wheel controls moisture water vapor water loop waste loop spring/fall summer winter blocking/sketching works cited Despommier, Dr. Dickson: "The Vertical Farm: Feeding the World in the 21st Century", St. Martin's Press, New York City, NY, 2010 http://energyfarms.wordpress.com/2010/12/02/energy-and-vertical-farms/ http://wsu-nature.org/2011/04/03/vertical-farming-could-wsu-feed-pullman/ http://www.pfaf.org/user/otheruses.aspx http://www.plantchicago.com/ http://www.gaisma.com/en/location/chicago-illinois.html solar studies http://www.sterkensbrew.be/sbm/brewery_faq.html http://www.naturalmilwaukee.com/MILW/June-2011/Aquaponics/ http://www.growingpower.org/ http://www.ironstreetfarm.com/ http://www.treehugger.com/green-food/gordon-graff-demonstrates-that-vertical-farms-can-actually-work.html http://www.treehugger.com/corporate-responsibility/vertical-farming-a-the-future-of-agriculture.html http://www.grist.org/article/vertical-farming http://www.growingedge.com/basics/tutorial/01_history.html http://simplyhydro.com/hydrou.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vertical_farming http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924000349328 http://www.treehugger.com/sustainable-product-design/sky-farm-proposed-for-downtown-toronto.html http://www.verticalfarm.com/ http://home.howstuffworks.com/lawn-garden/professional-landscaping/alternative-methods/aquaponics.htm http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=10&ved=0CIcBEBYwCQ&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.pv-performance.org%2Fperformance%2Fproject-presentations%2Fworkshop-bipv-nice-30-october-2008%2FWS%2520BIPV%252010%2520Thin%2520Film%2520Applications%2520ZSW.pdf%2Fat_download%2Ffile&ei=fj_qTunxD43oggfUwvWDCQ&usg=AFQjCNEt61PyeyWa3XrCuoIhdj5li5i0Hw http://www.alibaba.com/showroom/thin-film-bipv-glass.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brewing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_recovery_ventilation#Rotary_air-to-air_enthalpy_wheel http://cipco.apogee.net/ces/library/tdew.asp http://livebuilding.queensu.ca/green_features/enthalpy_wheel http://www.air2energy.com.au/exchangers.html Solar design : photovoltaics for old buildings, urban space, landscapes = Photovoltaik für Altbau, Stadtraum, Landschaft / Ingrid Hermannsdörfer, Christine Rüb ; [Übersetzung: Dieter Bonnet ...] planning process inspiration solar panel case study Demetra Vartzikos
Spring 2012 bakery
artisan cheese shop
sandwich shop
communal kitchen 1st floor market vendors open market vendors restaurant, brewery & permanent market vendors Carlo Scarpa materials & color palette lighting wall ideas furniture 3d views tasting bar & catwalk info kiosk & host stand stair to mezzanine feature wall overlooking gallery brew deck W/ BLACKACRE BRASSERIE working floor plans & rcp's 1st floor 1st floor rcp 2nd floor 2nd floor rcp 3rd floor wine shop
butcher shop
flower shop
tea cafe 1st floor restaurant brewery 2nd floor restaurant host stand
waiting area
main bar
main dining
secondary dining basic info top view sketchup scene space planning for gallery & blackacre brasserie market adjacencies market space planning open market space planning vertical farm space planning wall idea sketch for VF the south needed to find new ways to farm without the use of slavery new source of energy that would eventually be used in agricultural equipment combined with the newly found oil paved the way for farming machinery cleared woodland to create agricultural land agricultural runoff pollution from machinery floors 4-8 out of scope final images 1st floor a. b. c. e. f. g. a. South Main Entrance to Galleria
b. North Main Entrance to Galleria
c. First Floor Market Vendors
d. Loading Dock d. h. e. Brewery for Blackacre Brasserie
f. Information Kiosks
g. Offices
h. Blackacre Brasserie plan rcp a. b. c. e. a. Second Floor Open Market
b. Storage
c. Catwalk
d. Brew Deck
e. Blackacre Brasserie Mezzanine Level d. 2nd floor Galleria Catwalk Blackacre Brasserie Brew Deck plan rcp Brewery aquaponics in action 3rd floor Typical Farming Floor Plan Axonometric View Fish Tank & Plant Beds Plant Beds & LED Grow Lights issues associated with today's farming techniques that's where the energy loop comes in advantages sun path study 1st floor 2nd floor term first coined by Gilbert Ellis Bailey in 1915

first VF was started in 1909

horticultural building systems evolved from greenhouse technology and space exploration what is it? history
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