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Guidelines in Making Completion/Short-Answer & Essay Items

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christylle romea

on 12 May 2015

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Transcript of Guidelines in Making Completion/Short-Answer & Essay Items

Guidelines in Making Completion/Short-Answer & Essay Items
Completion and Short-Answer Items
1.)
Completion
- makes students complete a sentence (fill-in-the-Blank)

2.)
Short-Answer
- starts with a question

Qualities Desired in Short-Answer Items
1.) The item must measure the specified skill

2.) Omit only significant words from the statement.
Undesirable:
Every atom has a central ____________ called a nucleus.
Desirable:
Every atom has a central core called a(n) ____________.
3.)
Do not omit so many words from the statement that the intended meaning is lost.
Undesirable:
The ____________ were to Egypt as the ____________ were to
Persia and as ____________ were to the early tribes of Israel.
Desirable:
The Pharaohs were to Egypt as the ____________ were to Persia
and as ____________ were to the early tribes of Israel.
4.)
Avoid obvious clues to the correct response.

Advantages
1.) Easy to construct
2.) Require students to supply the answer
3.) Can be included in a test
Limitations
1.) Limited to measuring recall of information
2.) More likely to be scored erroneously
Undesirable:
Most of the United States’ libraries are organized according to the ____________ decimal system.
Desirable:
Which organizational system is used by most of the United States’ libraries? ____________.
Be sure there is only one correct response.
Undesirable:
Trees which shed their leaves annually are ____________.
Desirable:
Trees which shed their leaves annually are called ____________.
6. If possible, put the blank at the end of a statement rather than at the beginning.
Undesirable:
____________ is the measure of central tendency that is most affected by extremely high or low scores.
Desirable:
The measure of central tendency that is most affected by extremely high or low scores is the ____________.
5) Avoid grammatical clues to the correct response.
Undesirable:
A subatomic particle with a negative electric charge is called an ____________.
Desirable:
A subatomic particle with a negative electric charge is called a(n) ____________.
7) Reading skill required must not be below students' ability
do not use complex words unless it is a vocabulary or reading proficiency test.
content area + reading ability= decrease of internal consistency
8.) Limit the answers in one or two words
if it requires more than few words or a short sentence, better use brief response essay
9.) Do not use Verbatim
Unwise approach
: select important sentence from the textbook and replace keyword with a blank.
encourages students to memorize than comprehend.
creates vague items
10.) Format of the item must allow efficient scoring
Since it is time consuming to score than MC/alternate-choice, have students write their answers in a column to the side.
Correct:
determine the word/phrase that represents the correct answer.
answers must be single or very homogeneous set of responses.
construct the question( answer is the only appropriate response)
11.) For numerical response, state the unit of measurement to be used in the answer
use common unit of measurement
What is the sum of 24 inches and 12 inches?____36____inches
Possible answers: 3 feet/1 yard
12.)Physical length of each blank must be the same
gives clue to the answer
defeats the purpose
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