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SCOLIOSIS

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by

Taylor Dawley

on 9 December 2014

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Transcript of SCOLIOSIS

SCOLIOSIS
SKELETAL DISEASES
Diagnosis
According to the National Library of Medicine, scoliosis is the abnormal curvature of a spine. The spine is intended to run straight down your back, but patients with scoliosis have a spine that curves to much and ends up with a "c" or "s" shape.
TAYLOR DAWLEY
CITATION.
Board, A.D.A.M. Editorial. Scoliosis. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 21 Sept. 2011. Web. 22 Jan. 2014.

"Result Filters." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2014.

"Case Study: Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis." Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Case Study New York City, Spine Surgery Patient Manhattan, NY. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2014.

"Scoliosis." University of Maryland Medical Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2014.
CAUSES AND RISKS
In most cases, the cause of scoliosis is undetermined, or idiopathic. Research has found that it effects more girls because of the naturally curvier spine and it also tends to gradually get worse through growth spurts. There is also congenital scoliosis which is present at birth when a child's spine and rib cage do not develop properly and neuromuscular scoliosis caused by a nervous system problem such as cerebral palsy or polio.
SYMPTOMS
In many cases, scoliosis can be detected during a routine physical. The exam will show signs such as if one shoulder is higher than the other when the patient is bent over and if the pelvis is tilted. More advanced testing could include x-rays or MRI's of the spine as well as a scoliometer screening to determine the Cobb angle. Some other symptoms of the condition could include lower back pain, uneven hips, and fatigue of the spine after sitting or standing for long periods of time.
TREATMENT
-scoliois brace worn under clothing.
(mainly used for children with growing bones)
-surgery to implant rods and screws to correct.
(often used more on adults whose bones are done growing.
-physical therepy
CASE STUDY #1.
One study shows that a 15 year old girl had been diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis in her right thoracic region and despite wearing a brace to help correct the abnormal curvature, it still progressed. As she was still an adolescent with growing bones they put off having surgery until it was apparent they could wait no longer. The girl was treated with spinal manipulation two times a week for a total of eighteen months. After the treatment, her lower back pain was subdued greatly and her Cobb angle decreased by 16 degrees.
CASE STUDY #2
The second case study told about a 16 year old male diagnosed with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis by his regular doctor and was referred to a surgeon for specialized help. The boy complained mainly of discomfort and the appearance of his abnormal spine. They decided that because his Cobb angle was so great [60*], they would use corrective spinal surgery to treat it. One year after the surgery the boy has no further complaints of back pain. He also showed a substantial amount of growth after the surgery and is now able to play sports without complications.
PREVENTION
As doctors know today, there is no way to prevent any form of scoliosis ever occurring in a person's body. The best they can do is once it is present, try through therapy and corrective procedures.
LIVING WITH SCOLIOSIS
Many complications can be present in patients that are diagnosed with scoliosis. How much the body is affected depends on how great the Cobb angle is. If the angle is 60*, minor issues are present in lungs [discomfort/shortness of breath]. If the angle is 90* the lung function is severely worsened and can lead to heart failure. People with only 40-50* Cobb angles typically don't experience serious health risks besides minor back pain and a potential low self-esteem
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