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Places and Terms

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bayli lewis

on 4 October 2013

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Transcript of Places and Terms

Places and Terms
Continent and Solar System
continent- A land mass above the water on the earth.
Core and mantel
core- in the earth's center, made up of iron and nickle; the inner core is solid, and the outer core is liquid
Magma and Crust
magma- the molten rock material formed when solid rock in the earth's mantel or crust melts
Atmosphere, Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere
atmosphere- the layer of gases immediately surrounding the earth
Continental drift
continental drift- the hypothesis that all continents were joined into a supercontinent that split apart over millions of years.
solar system- consist of the sun and nine known planets, as well as other celestial bodies that orbit the sun
mantel- a rock layer about 1,800 miles thick that is between the earth's crust and the earth's core
crust- the thin rock layer making up the earths surface
lithosphere- the solid rock portion of the earth's surface
hydrosphere- the water comprising the earth's surface, including oceans, seas, rivers, lakes, and vapor in the atmosphere.
biosphere- all the parts of the earth where the animals live
hydrological cycle
the continues circulation of water among the atmosphere, the oceans, and the earth
drainage basin
an area drained by a major river and its tributaries.
ground water
the water held under the earth's surface often in and around he pores of rock
the level at which rock is saturated
continental shelf
the earth's surface from the edge of a continent to the deep part of the ocean
relief
the difference in elevation of a landform from the lowest point to the highest point
topography
the combined characteristics of landforms and their distribution in a region
weathering
physical and chemical processes that change the characteristics of rock on or near the earth's surface, occurring slowly over many years.
sediment
small pieces of rock produced by weathering process.
mechanical weathering
natural processes that break rock into smaller pieces
chemical weathering
a process that changes rock into a new substance through interactions among elements in the air or water and the minerals in the rock.
erosion
the result of weathering on matter, created by the action of wind, water, ice or gravity
a fan-like landform made of deposited sediment, left by a river that slows as it enters the ocean.
loess
wind-blown silt and clay sediment that produces very fertile soil.
glacier and glaciation
glacier- a large, long-lasting mass of ice that moves because of gravity
glaciation- the changing of landforms by slowly moving glaciers
moraine and humus
moraine- a ridge or hill of rock carried and finally deposited by a glacier
humus- organic material in soil
delta
Water Table
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