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Cause and Effect in American History
Transcript of Cause and Effect in American History
Cause and Effect in American History
Columbus lands in the New World, opening the Western Hemisphere to economic and political development by Europeans.
FYI... He did not land on the continental US, and he thought he was in India. He brought with him disease and warfare, forever changing the lives of the displaced native people and prompted the Colombian Exchange.
1939 - 1941
The US decided to avoid participating into World War II until the decision was made for them when Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. America then declared war on Japan, contributing to the victory of the Allied forces by dropping two atomic bombs on Japan.
The French and Indian War was an extension of the European Seven Years War, a battle over colonial territory by the French and the English. Though England won and gained massive amounts of land, this left them in debt. How did they solve the problem? By repeatedly taxing the colonists in the New World while denying them representation in Parliament. The effect? The American Revolution.
After being hit with the Stamp Act, The Intolerable Acts, The Townshend Acts, and the Tea Act, the colonists could take no more. The First and Second Continental Congress met with the hope of brokering a peaceful resolution with England. King George refused to even read their Olive Branch petition, and though they knew it would lead to them being charged with treason, The Declaration of Independence was written and signed. The American Revolution might have been lost, but key victories led France to join our fight, changing the shape of America and the course of the war.
Industrial Revolution marks America's move from manual labor to incorporating the use of machines. These machines changed the volume of textiles and iron that America could produce. The industrial revolution began in England.
The Civil War nearly tore our new nation apart, pitting brother against brother over the issue of slavery and who actually had those inalienable rights mentioned in the Preamble of the Constitution.
Western Expansion was the result of Manifest Destiny, the belief by American colonists that it was their divine right to move westward to add more of the continent into the new nation. The was confirmed by the Northwest Ordinance (1787) and the Louisiana Purchase (1803). The rest of the United States was acquired in smaller parcels, including
Florida in 1819 from Spain
and finishing the 48 states in 1853 with 10 million dollars to Mexico for the Gadsden Purchase which gave us what is now New Mexico and Arizona.) Alaska and Hawaii were the last to join much later in 1959.
America had a policy of non-conflict when World War I began, but the sinking of a British luxury liner with 128 Americans aboard began a change of public opinion about the war. President Wilson warned Germany that unrestricted submarine warfare would not be tolerated. As a result of the conflict between European countries, America began to prepare by building up a strong navel and land force. When Germany offered Mexico an alliance with them against the United States and Germany U-boats sank 7 American merchant ships, Wilson went to Congress in April of 1917 for a declaration of war. The effect was the for the year and a half we were in the war, America's whole focus was on producing soldiers, supplies, and munitions. Americans were required to live on food budgets and were encouraged to grow victory gardens.
Jamestown, the first English settlements is established 13 years before the colonists land at Plymouth rock. In 1607, the first slaves were brought to Jamestown. Triangular trade was the trade route that brought slaves to the New World.
1917 - 1918
The The Great Depression began on October 29, 1929 (“Black Tuesday”) when the American stock market crashed, plunging the country into its most severe economic downturn yet. Speculators lost their shirts; banks failed; the nation’s money supply diminished; and companies went bankrupt and began to fire their workers in droves. President Herbert Hoover urged patience and self-reliance, but by 1932 unemployment was at 25%. Roosevelt took office in 1933, and began implementing changes to stabilize the economy. These included The Emergency Banking Act and Prohibition, and many other laws. Some worked, others didn't, so he followed with his Second New Deal, which included Social Security. http://www.history.com/topics/new-deal
Brinkley, A. (2007). American history: A survey (12th ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.
Chapin, J. R. (2009). Elementary social studies: A practical guide (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Allyn & Bacon.
Davidson, J. W., Stoff, M. B., & Viola, H. J. (2005). The American nation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.