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Standing Rock Indian Reservation

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Brooke YellowHammer

on 6 September 2014

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Transcript of Standing Rock Indian Reservation

HISTORY
The Standing Rock Indian Reservation established under the 1868 Ft.Laramie treaty is situated on North and South Dakota. The people of Standing Rock, often called Sioux, are members of the Dakota & Lakota nations. "D/Lakota means "friends" or "allies." The people of these nations are often called "Sioux", a term that dates back to the seventeenth century when the people were living in the Great Lakes area. The Ojibwa called them "Nadouwesou" meaning "adders" as well as “snakes in the grass” This term, shortened by French traders, resulted in the word "Sioux." D/N/Lakota consist of the 7 council fires Oceti Sakowin: Titunwan (teton), Mdewakanton, sistunwan (Sisseton), Inhunktowan (Yankton), Ihunktowana (Yanktonai), Wahpetuke, Wahpetunwan (Wahpeton).

The Dakota people of Standing Rock include the Upper Yanktonai in their language called Ihanktonwana which translates "Little End Village" and Lower Yanktonai, called Hunkpatina in their language, "Campers at the Horn" or "End of the Camping Circle". When the Middle Sioux moved onto the prairie they had contact with the semisedentary riverine tribes such as the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara. Eventually the Yanktonai displaced these tribes and forced them upstream. However, periodically the Yanktonai did engage in trade with these tribes and eventually some bands adopted the earthlodge, bullboat, and horticultural techniques of these people, though buffalo remained their primary food source. The Yanktonai also maintained aspects of their former Woodland lifestyle. Today Yanktonai people of Standing Rock live primarily in communities on the North Dakota portion of the reservation.
The Lakota, as the largest division of the Sioux, subdivided into the Ti Sakowin or Seven Tents and Lakota people of the Standing Rock Reservation included two of these subdivisions, the Hunkpapa which means "Campers at the Horn" in English and Sihasapa or "Blackfeet," not to be confused with the Algonquian Blackfeet of Montana and Canada which are an entirely different group. By the early 19th century the Lakota became a northern Plains people and practically divested themselves of most all Woodland traits. The new culture revolved around the horse and buffalo; the people were nomadic and lived in tipis year round. The Hunkpapa and Sihasapa ranged in the area between the Cheyenne and Heart Rivers to the south and north and between the Missouri River on the east and Tongue to the west. Today the Lakota at Standing Rock live predominantly in communities located on the South Dakota portion of the reservation.


Vision Statement

"STANDING ROCK TRIBAL GOVERNMENT STRIVES TO BE A MORE EFFECTIVE, EFFICIENT AND VISIBLE GOVERMENT PROVIDING OPPORTUNITIES FOR OUR ECONOMY TO GROW THROUGH BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT BY EDUCATING OUR MEMBERS, TO ENHANCE THE HEALTH AND WELLNESS OF THE PEOPLE OF STANDING ROCK."

Mission Statement

(Approved by SRSTC on January 04, 2005)

"THE STANDING ROCK SIOUX TRIBAL COUNCIL IS A GOVERNING BODY EMPOWERED BY THE SRST CONSTITUTION COMMITTED TO PROMOTING AN ENVIRONMENT FOR THE SELF SUFFICIENCY OF ALL TRIBAL MEMBERS."

Programs & Government
96 tribal programs
-Indian Child Welfare Act (South Dakota side) (NPR) high rates of south dakota reservation children put in non native foster homes.

Tribal Chair, Vice Chair, Secretary, 6 At-Large Positions
8 districts: Long Soldier(Ft.Yates), CannonBall, Porcupine, Kenel ND
Wakpala, Bullhead, Little Eagle, Bear Soldier SD
Fort Yates is the largest town and tribal headquarters, IHS, and boarding school which closed the dorm's1970's but is still open just not as a boarding school.
Statistics
In 1920 Standing Rock had a population of 10,557 up 7,628 from 1910. Kind of hard to imagine. Math wise.
In 2002 it was 8,508 (most recent)
With recent census reports and updated residency from 2012; District's should be able to provide a more accurate number or residents of each district.
Statistics Population by Age
Group 1990-2000
GOAL!
Standing Rock Indian Reservation
Established 1868
From the Fort Laramie Treaty

Business's
Sitting Bull College
Prairie Knights Casino, ND side
Gas stations
Coffee house
Grand River Casino, SD side
Liquor establishments :(

2.3 million acres
10,859 enrolled members
Reservation Population 6,171
Unemployement 79%
Demographics
President Obama & Michelle visit Standing Rock, Cannonball Powwow 2014
Lakota Language Nest
Lakholiyapi Hohpi
Started in 2012, Save the Language. Group of eleven three years old immersed in the Lakota language.
Full transcript