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Body Lotion Presentation

By, Emily E. and Emily H.
by

Emily Echevarria

on 31 May 2011

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Transcript of Body Lotion Presentation

Lotion's Effects on Society INTRODUCTION BENEFITS Advertising for the Consumer ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT Description lo•tion
   ˈloʊ ʃənShow Spelled[loh-shuh n] Show IPA
–noun
1. Pharmacology . a liquid, usually aqueous or sometimes alcoholic preparation containing insoluble material in the form of a suspension or emulsion, intended for external application without rubbing, in such skin conditions as itching, infection, allergy, pain, or the like.
2. A liquid cosmetic, usually containing agents for soothing or softening the skin, especially that of the face or hands.

Lotions are usually applied to skin with bare hands, a clean cloth, cotton wool or gauze. Many lotions, especially hand creams and face cream are formulated not as a medicine delivery system, but simply to smooth, re-hydrate, and soften the skin. These can also be classified as a cosmetic in many cases, and may contain fragrances.

Most lotions are oil-in-water emulsions using a substance such as cetearyl alcohol to keep the emulsion together, but water-in-oil lotions are also formulated. The key components of a skin care lotion, cream or gel emulsion (that is mixtures of oil and water) are the aqueous and oily phases, an emulgent to prevent separation of these two phases, and, if used, the drug substance or substances. A wide variety of other ingredients such as fragrances, glycerol, petroleum jelly, dyes, preservatives, proteins and stabilizing agents are commonly added to lotions. History With dozens of different brands of lotion lining the cosmetic shelves, you can choose one that absorbs quickly, one that tans your skin or one that exfoliates dead cells. The desire to rub lotion into skin to soften and protect is nothing new.

Excavation of Mesolithic civilization sites dating as far back as 10,000 B.C. indicate that our earliest ancestors may have rubbed oil from castor plants on their skin. Ancient Egyptian tombs opened within the last century reveal small pottery jars filled with animal fat and olive oil substances to which spices were added. Biblical accounts tell us that people living during that time considered it a luxury to have their feet washed and ointment massaged into the skin. DIFFERENT TYPES OF LOTIONS Medical By Emily Hansen and Emily Echevarria DISADVANTAGES Cosmetic Lotion is used in a variety of ways, many which include delivering medicines. Lotions which contain Salicylic Acid or Benzyl Peroxide are commonly used to fight and prevent acne. Many lotions have built in SPF to protect skin from harmful UV and UVA rays. Also, some lotions are used to treat chronically dry or irritated skin. Most lotions that serve a medical purpose however, have prescribed medicines added into them, the lotion itself acting as a delivery system that can fight many types of bacteria, parasites, or infection. Skin dryness is one of the most common problems faced by people - men and women alike. Dryness or xerosis is caused by various environmental factors that include everything from weather to allergens. Moisturizing lotions work best for flaky or chapped skin. These products help seal in the moisture as well as hydrate the top layers of the epidermis in order to avoid cracking and peeling. Dry Skin Lotion Anti-Aging Lotion Anti-Aging items and balms are often used by men and women above 40 years old to help prevent wrinkles and maintain the suppleness. Some anti-aging products also help to tighten up the tissues. Most of the time these have various herbal extracts and essences that aid in the prevention of wrinkle formation. Anti-Oil Skin Product For some people, their problem is not with dryness and chapping, but with the excessive oiliness. Oiliness can be genetic and is often seen in adolescence, although there are times when an adult experiences it too. For these cases, people can always use anti-oil lotions. These items provide a matte finish to the surface. They are often infused with a drying agent or some kind of powder. Other Specialty Balms, Body Creams And Body Milks Lotions of the 15th century began to change, including ingredients that smelled good. Early recipes for cold cream included beeswax, rose water and olive oil. During the Crusades, Knights returned from battle with new essential oil scents made from flowers and spices. New lotion recipes including these oils were popular with noblewomen. Other than those mentioned above, different types can also include: Sun Block, Special swimmer's lotion, cosmetic body creams and a few more. Sun blocks are necessary to protect the skin against the harmful rays of the sunlight. Often, the higher the SPF count, the better. Swimmer's have a special formulation that help protect them against the constant exposure to highly chlorinated water. Another specialty product is those that have a cosmetic purpose. They may include ointments that help prevent and get rid of cellulite and scarring. There are many cosmetic uses for lotion. Besides moisturizing and softening the skin, some lotions contain small reflectors which catch the light and are often described on the label as making your skin 'radiant'. Other lotions applied for cosmetic use are self-tanners, which contain dye that changes the color of the skin, as well as lotions that reduce the apparency of scars, wrinkles or cellulite. Allergies Bad Combinations with Outside Substances There are a variety of ingredients in lotion. Many of these ingredients are chemicals (vitamin C ester, alpha lipoid acid, retinal, NTP complex, and alpha hydroxy...etc.) and some are natural (Shea butter, coconut oil...etc.). Ingredients greatly vary depending on brand and the specific use the lotion was designed for. For those who have allergies, they may react to an ingredient in the lotion with anything from a specific fragrance to an oil or chemical. Sometimes ingredients in lotion can react with topical medications or other substances and result painful reactions.

Exerpt of an article from Reactions Weekly:

A 71-year-old woman with a history of asthma and aspirin allergy applied a lotion containing 6% sali-cylic acid and pramocaine to her husband's back to treat his xerosis, and developed a rash on her hands and sneezing and coughing within the next 30 minutes. She used her salmeterol/fluticasone pro-pionate inhaler, and her symptoms resolved about 10 hours later. COMMON LOTION INGREDIENTS & SIDE-EFFECTS Alpha Hydroxy Acid
Destroys skin cells and leaves skin more susceptible to damage from the environment and skin cancer. Actually ends up aging skin. Found in anti-aging facial creams and lotions.

D&C Yellow 11
Found in: Lip gloss, polish remover, nail polish, bath oil/salts/soak, body spray, mositurizer, lipstick, styling gel/lotion, bar soap, after sun products, cologne, nail treatment. Color safe for external use only, found in ingested products, Color not approved for use around eyes, in eye products

Dimethicone
A silicone emollient, which coats the skin not allowing toxins out. May promote tumors and accumulate in the liver and lymph nodes. Found in lotions and creams.


Elastin
Suffocates skin by not allowing moisture in or out. Found in facial creams and body lotions.

Glycolic Acid
Penetration enhancer which alters skin structure, allowing other chemicals to penetrate deeper into the skin, increasing the amounts of other chemicals that reach the bloodstream, skin or sense organs. As a sensitizer it can instigate immune system response that can include itching, burning, scaling, hives, and blistering of skin. Toxicant, neurotoxin, kidney toxicant, gastrointestinal or liver toxicant. Found in creams, lotions, cosmetics.


PEG-12 Distearate
May contain harmful impurities or form toxic breakdown products linked to cancer or other significant health problems. Found in creams, lotions, cosmetics and foods. PEG-80 Sorbitan Laurate
May contain harmful impurities or form toxic breakdown products linked to cancer or other significant health problems, gastrointestinal or liver toxicity hazards. Found in cosmetics, creams, lotions and foods.

PEG-14M
May contain harmful impurities or form toxic breakdown products linked to cancer or other significant health problems. Found in foods, lotions, creams and cosmetics.

Phthalates
Accumulates in the body; proven damage to liver, lungs, kidneys and reproductive systems. Appears in vinyl flooring, plastic wallpaper, perfume, hair spray, deodorant, nail polish, hair gel, mousse, body and hand lotion. Look for it in children’s toys, as; DEHP, BBP and DBP.

Polyethylene Glycol /PEG
Moderately toxic, eye irritant and possible carcinogen. Many glycols produce severe acidosis, central nervous system damage and congestion. Can cause convulsions, mutations, and surface EEG changes.

TEA: Tea, Triethanolamine
TEA causes allergic reactions including eye problems, dryness of hair and skin, and could be toxic if absorbed into the body over a long period of time. These chemicals are already restricted in Europe due to known carcinogenic effects (although still in use in the U.S.)
Repeated skin applications of DEA-based detergents resulted in a major increase in the incidence of liver and kidney cancer 1 bottle Nivea = $5 •Once lotions are rinsed from the consumers’ bodies, the lotions go down the drain, into the sewer systems and finally into the environment.

•Contain chemicals that are still active after they are washed off a consumer’s body.

•Can be active in low concentrations.

•Can affect organisms in water.

•Are spread in large amounts.

•Are unpredictable when mixed with other chemicals. Fun Facts According to the marketing information company NPD Group, lotion sales in U.S. department stores alone reached $2.1 billion in 2004 Lotions can range from $1 (Avalon Hand & Body Lotion- 12oz.) to $600 (Revive Intensité Volumizing Serum- 1 oz.) By recycling 1 18oz. lotion bottle (made of PET plastic) you can make 1 extra large T-Shirt Lotion is primarily made from lipids. Lipids are organic compounds like alcohol, carboxylic acid and esters. The following compounds are some ingredients of hand lotion: Stearic acid, cetyl alcohol, lanolin, triethanolamine and glycerol. Below are common chemical/ingredients found in lotion and their side-effects...
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