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The Roman Empire
Transcript of The Roman Empire
Rise of the Roman Empire
Ancient Roman Architecture
Food and Dinning
Structures made by the Ancient Romans
Forums - squares which were surrounded by temples, shops, and basilicas
Basilicas - public buildings
Markets such as Trajan's market in Rome - a five story complex housing shops, bars and restaurants
Amphitheaters such as the Colosseum and the Circus Maximus
Triumphal arches celebrating the victories of the Romans
Forts and Stockades
The Pyramid of Cestius in Rome was built around 18 BC, it was made of concrete with marble.
Ancient Romans were the masters of architecture, designing and erecting buildings.
The period of Roman Architecture dates from the establishment of the Republic in 509BC to the transfer of the capital of the Empire from Rome to the Eastern empire in Constantinople in 330AD.
. The History of their Architecture was divided into two distinctive eras.
The first era was of the Republic where the origins of their architecture can be traced to the Etruscans who mirrored the Greek and the Phoenician traditions, building large temples to honour their Gods.
The second era of their architecture started in 27BC and is classed as the period of the Empire
Ancient Roman Achitecture
Before, Romans: used The post and Linter to build buildings.
Romans introduced new methods: The columns and arches.
Three types of columns: Doric style, Lonic style, and cornithian type.
The arches methods:The Romans learned from the Etruscans the use of arches to make large openings in a wall.
Cement was used to supplement arch construction which again allowed the Romans to expand buildings.
The roman baths
A temple was constructed in 60-70 AD and the bathing complex, which are fueled by England’s only mineral hot springs, was gradually built up over the next 300 years.
In Rome your daily life depended mainly on your social status
-surrounded by servants and slaves
-access to education
-Lived in beautiful homes outside the city
-run-down homes in the city
-sometimes abandon newborns
-no access to education
-majority of the society
Romans typically ate food with their hands
Most meals were eaten between four and six
Rich enjoyed a variety of exotic dishes
Poor relied on cereal
-many suffered from malnutrition
Fish and oysters especially popular
pork was in high demand, but expensive for the average citizen
strong variety of sauce, spice, and herbs
Wine was often drank watered down, spiced, and heated
Milk was reserved for cheese and medicine
Originally worn alone
Made from expensive heavy wool
Sixteen and under: white with a purple stripe
Sixteen and up: plain
Emperors: crimson embroidered with gold
Police: shinny and glossy
Worn tied around the waist with a belt
slaves and children
Originally wore togas
married women wore long dresses over their tunic
Free to be creative
Dyed either golden red or black
Both wore sandals
women's were made of softer material and sometimes had thicker soles so they would appear taller
Very expensive and profitable
Four chariots; green, blue, red, and white
The most successful ones became rich and famous
Green and blue most popular
Also used for two horse chariot racing
Sometimes confused with Greek stadia which is only half the size
Majority of the gladiators were condemned criminals, slaves, prisoners of war, and volunteers
All actors were male slaves
Men played women roles
sometimes actors played multiple roles
Mask were used in comedies
Different wigs use to signify characters
women were originally only allowed to watch tragedies
Place of leisure
People from every class, age,and gender could attend
Also meant for social gatherings
The Roman Empire was based on an agrarian economy.
Agriculture and trade.
Land and Sea
Traded with China and the Far East, India, Africa, Spain and Britain, and Germany.
Industry and Manufacturing
Provided stone and metal.
Established small-scale manufacturing plants.
.The invading army reached the outskirts of Rome, which had been left totally undefended. In 410 C.E., the Visigoths, led by Alaric, breached the walls of Rome and sacked the capital of the Roman Empire.
Legend says Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars, god of War, founded the city where they were rescued from the Tiber River and cared for by the she-wolf. (753 B.C.E
For two and a half centuries, kings of the neighboring Etruria, the land to Rome’s north, ruled the city.
The Romans learned about city building, art, religion, mythology, and even language from the Etruscans.
From Kingdom to Republic509 B.C.E.
509 B.C.E., the powerful citizens of Rome, all veterans of military service, drove out the Etruscan kings.
Only men with wealth and property could command and rise in the ranks.
They declared Rome a republic, a government in which power resides in a body of citizens and consists of representatives elected by them.
At the heart of the city, they built the Roman forum, a political and civic center with temples and public buildings where leading citizens tended to government business.
The Visigoths looted, burned, and pillaged their way through the city, leaving a wake of destruction wherever they went
The plundering continued for three days. For the first time in nearly a millennium, the city of Rome was in the hands of someone other than the Romans
One of the many factors that contributed to the fall of the Roman Empire was the rise of a new religion, Christianity
In 313 C.E., Roman emperor Constantine the Great ended all persecution and declared toleration for Christianity
Later that century, Christianity became the official state religion of the Empire
The Christian belief in one god — who was not the emperor — weakened the authority and credibility of the emperor
Constantine split the empire into two parts
the western half centered in Rome and the eastern half centered in Constantinople
A decrease in agricultural production
led to higher food prices
piracy and attacks from Germanic tribes disrupted the flow of trade, especially in the west.
The west purchased luxury goods from the east but had nothing to offer in exchange
To make up for the lack of money,
the government began producing
more coins with less silver content
This led to inflation
Various grains, olives, and grapes.
Mostly slaves working in the fields.
barinpop.com/rise of roman empire
These are the arches methods that were used to support the buldings.
The Mardin Town
Mardin is an old town, whose foundations go back to ancient times
This town it's formed as a pyramid shape, which shows how the Romans built it using their pyramids methods.