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Psychoanalysis and Literature

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Justin Romick

on 13 October 2015

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Transcript of Psychoanalysis and Literature

The Tripartite Mind
Freud imagined a metaphorical structure of the mind consistent with Plato's theories of three corresponding elements with independent functions.
Relationship to Literature
Freud believed that hidden information about the psyche of an individual become more apparent through analysis of dreams and periods of "free association". He was convinced that he could address neurosis via confronting repressed ideas at moments when the super-ego was less-engaged. Writers, therefore, provide a window into the subconscious mind in the form of their cultural productions.
Ego
The
ego
functions as the reconciliation of the two previous sections. The balance of the
id
and the
super-ego
are what determine the demonstrative behaviors of an individual.
Sigmund Freud
1856-1939
Austrian Psychologist
Credited as the "Father of Psychoanalysis"
Id
The id encompasses the elements of the mind that contains urges and desires of the most primal nature. The urges to experience libidinous pleasure and physical domination are concentrated in this "part" of the mind.
Psychoanalysis and Literature
Neurosis
A product of the 19th century scientific movement of deterministic thought.

He believed that every psycho-abnormal behavior could be explained by influences on the mind during stages of development.
Id, Super-ego, Ego
Freud imagined these three hypothetical "structures" of the mind working in constant harmony to allow individuals to achieve and maintain mental health. Moreover, he postulates that neurosis stems from an unbalanced proportion of one of the three.
Super-ego
The
super-ego
functions in direct contrast to the
id.
This section works to limit and restrict base urges so that an individual does not live in a state of constant conflict with others. The
super-ego
, generally shaped by parents and teachers, works to restrict an individual's tendency to act upon urges and desires.
Defense Mechanisms
repression
sublimation
fixation
regression
Full transcript