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Strategies | Comprehensible Input

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Smith Lynette

on 8 July 2013

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Transcript of Strategies | Comprehensible Input

Learning Strategy
Cognates Strategy
Life Skills Strategy
~ Strategies Contain Three Basic Steps:
1. Teacher demonstrates or models
2. Teacher/Students practice together
3. Students practice using strategy independently.
Assist students/learners with language development or academic issues
Help enhance language acquisition/production skills
By focusing on the steps that lead to the goal, students remember more & increase proficiency
Students can give input on existing/improving specific strategies
Research shows that explicit instruction in learning strategies facilitates and improves proficiency for students with language challenges.
Effective teaching takes students from where they are and leads them to a higher level of understanding.
Comprehensible Input & Strategies for Working with English Language Learners
Background Information & Definitions
Strategies
Hypothesis first proposed by Stephen Krashen
Language is not "soaked up" and learner must understand the message that is communicated.
Students should be able to understand the essence of what is being said or presented to them.
Comprehensible input goes beyond the choice of vocabulary.
When input is comprehensible, students understand most aspects of what is required for learning.
The learning experience pushes students to greater understanding.
Comprehensible Input
Reasoning & Rationale
Why Do We Use These Strategies?
How Does Comprehensible Input Help ELL Students?
Effectiveness of Strategies
Effectiveness of Comprehensible Input
Examples & Implementation
Examples of Comprehensible Input
When giving instruction:
Speak slowly
Imagine yourself in their shoes
Use repetition in word choice
"Daniel, please..."
Enunciate
Remember that we all have accents!
Use gestures
Use visuals
Media, objects, pictures, written
Monitor vocabulary and sentence structure
Avoid unnecessary complexity
Emphasize cognates
Month is not a cognate, but many month names are
When expanding comprehension:
Use prior knowledge so that the focus can be limited to the targeted outcome
Refine a familiar topic
Differentiate instruction for various proficiency levels
Effectiveness
& Support
Series of steps you can repeat over and over that will solve a problem or complete a task.

Examples of Strategies for ELL's
Learning Strategy
Solving math problems
Look for and highlight word clues like "and" or "take away"
Decide which operations should be used
Record relevant values
Complete the problem
Write the answer in sentence form
Cognates Strategy
For reading comprehension
Teach students to use cognates in the same way they use other context clues like pictures.
Example "I rode my bicycle to school."
Bicycle and school are cognates and can help a student comprehend the word "rode"
Life Skills Strategy
Social skills
Steps to take for conflict resolution
Can be aided with a visual
Strategies can enhance language acquisition and second language listening skills.
Strategies enhancing academic proficiency can improve reading, writing, language, or math works of students.
Life skills strategies are a strong benefit for social, vocational, and transition to the work place.
"In the United States today people with more education tend to live longer and healthier lives, remain married longer, and earn more money." (Pew Hispanic Center, 2002)
Comprehensible Input is effective when the students are really learning. When they understand what they are doing and why they are doing it. It is effective when students are learning this week, what they couldn't grasp last week!
Enhances understanding of the English language
Improves their language development
Provides relevancy to curriculum
Gives opportunity for student expression
Designed to make content understandable to an English language learner
Full transcript