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Total war and its social and economic impact on civilians in Germany during WW1
Transcript of Total war and its social and economic impact on civilians in Germany during WW1
Total & Political
This primary source (image) depicts how food rationing was done back at home for the German civilians. Many people relied on the government soup kitchens because of the extremely limited food and supplies.
The image on the left is a primary source that was used as a form of propaganda to encourage the German civilians to put their money into war loans. This depicts the idea of what lengths the government w
The image on the right is a secondary source that was designed to outline the statistics of the economic impacts during the First World War for Germany. this shows the initial loss that Germany had faced.
Total war and its social and economic impact on civilians in Germany during world war one
The First World War greatly impacted the economic and social lives of the civilians in Germany. Economically:
- Production became an issue during the First World War. Germany was not equipped for the long war and became dependent on the imports of raw materials.
- There was heavy dependence on good harvest but the weather conditions in 1915, such as the heavy rain destroyed all crops.
- Workers and employees became irritated and discontent and it increased over the year.
- Those who went on strike were sent to the battlefront. War debt rose and as a result the war was being paid through loans instead of taxes.
- Woman played major roles in the workforce during WW1.
- The decrease in the standard of living created unrest between the civilians.
- The winter of 1916 – 17 was extremely harsh as food, power and fuel shortages were severe. There were no potato’s being harvested so the German people ate ‘Flocken’ which were the peelings of the potato. This proved how desperate the civilians were during the First World War.
Total war is understood to be the actions of a government and their need to direct all resources used on the home front towards the war effort, where it was needed most. The Germans had high hopes that the war was going to be short and effective. Germany was well equipped and organized in the case of war, unlike the British. The Germans had a big group of men from conscription and an efficient industrial complex. In 1914 one third of Germany’s food and supplies came from overseas. Food rations and supplies became a critical issue for the German home front within as quick as six months after the outbreak of the war.
- British Royal Navy's Blockade
- Walter Rathenau
- War Raw Materials Department
- The Supreme War Office, Kreigsamt
- The War Food Office
Mr Rathenau is explaining his idea of maintaining supplies and achieving in gaining supplies in this primary source (excerpt).
The image on the left is a secondary source indicating the statistics of the shortages in Germany at the time when supplies were rapidly running out. It initially starts from 100 during 1914 and makes its way lower by the end of the war.
The extract below is a secondary source on how the German civilians managed to survive with the little food and supplies they had left. this shows the hardships the German people faced and and the differences to their regular style of eating.