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Copy of The Ways We Lie By: Stephanie Ericsson
Transcript of Copy of The Ways We Lie By: Stephanie Ericsson
By: Stephanie Ericsson About the Author A screenwriter and advertising copywriter, Stephanie Ericsson, born
in 1953 and raised in San Francisco, is also an author of self-help
books, including Companion through the Darkness: Inner Dialogues
on Grief (1993). "The Ways We Lie" originally appeared in the Utne
Reader. About the Essay In the story, "The Ways We Lie, the author tells about the many ways people lie and explains the reasons for doing it.
Her essay explains the different lies told daily by most people. F
Classification, Narration, and Examples It is classification because, it classifies, or sort, things in a logical way. It is Narration because in the beginning of the essay she tells a
story by using the word "I" she gives example of each type of lie, narrating the story to further classify each The Ways We Lie
By: Stephanie Ericsson About the Author Thesis Statement Every one lies in this world, one way or another. Theme There is no such thing as a good lie Ethical Issue Fundamental ethical issue: people lying, instead of telling the truth. Bibliogrphy Ericsson, Stephanie. "The Ways We Lie." Unknown Summer 1999: 409-414. Print. Different types of lies The White Lie
The white lie assumes that the truth will cause more damage than
a simple, harmless untruth Facades
Pretending to be something you are not Ignoring the Plain Facts
Ignoring the truth Deflecting
Take attention away from the truth Omission
telling most of the truth minus one or two key
facts whose absence changes the story completely. Stereotypes and Clichés
The stereotype explains a
situation with just enough truth to seem unquestionable.
cliche, which are lies of exaggeration,
omission, and ignorance Groupthink
Group Think, defines this sort of lie as a
psychological phenomenon within decision-making groups in which loyalty
to the group has become more important than any other value Out-and-Out Lies
when this sort of lie is told it can be easily confronted Dismissal
perceptions, or even the raw facts of a situation ranks as a kind of lie that
can do as much damage to a person as any other kind of lie. Delusion
tendency to see excuses as facts.