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2.03 The crusades assignment

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Lina Bernal

on 6 May 2013

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Transcript of 2.03 The crusades assignment

By Lina Berna (: The Crusades A call to Arms The Third Crusade 1187-1192 The Crusade Begins In 1096, a french monk named Peter Hermit started the "people crusades". This was made up of mosly poor people and farmers that were not trained. They decided to start a crusade so they wouldn't have to wait for the rich kings, popes ,and lords to organize their troops . Peter was known for the person who help muslims fight for the Holy Land . But sadly the crusade was unsuccessful and Peter Hermit , and his followers were all kill by the turks . 1097 AD At this time , a army was created by combining Italians , frenchs , and Belgiums . The arm reached about 30,000 people creating a strong force . Since the pope made that promise , any land that they conquered went to the Byzantine Empire . In 1905 the Pope Urban saw an opportunity for power. He decided to help the Byzantine Empire to kill the Turks . Since the Turks were muslim and the Pope was christian , he wanted the power to remain out of the hands off the "infields" , people who do not believe in christianity . The First Crusade 1096-1099 AD The first Crusade was led by Godfrey of Bouillon and other French Lords. While in the Crusade they battled some Turkic forces. It was not until 1098 that the Crusaders reached Jerusalem. The Crusaders laid siege to Jerusalem for more than a month before they surrended. On Godfrey’s death, Baldwin left Edessa and became the first king of the Christian Kingdom of Jerusalem. The Second Crusade 1147-1149 In the years following the First Crusade, European lords worked to secure their rule over the Crusader States. When Muslim forces regrouped and attacked Edessa, three knights such as the Teutonic Knights, the Knights Hospitaller, and the Knights Templar-rode forth under the banner of the Second Crusade. Two monarchs, King Louis VII of France and Emperor Conrad III of Germany, pledged themselves to the cause and led armies to the Holy Land. However, the Crusaders turned their sights on Damascus, rather than Edessa, and their poorly organized attack resulted in failure. Again, many Crusaders returned home, while those who remained focused on defending the Kingdom of Jerusalem while Muslim forces became more powerful and encircled them. In the mid-12th century, the Turkic ruler Saladin got up to lead the Seljuks and try to win in uniting the Muslim armies of Southwest Asia and North Africa. When Saladin’s forces took Jerusalem, the call went out across Europe to launch another crusade. Three kings came forward-Emperor Frederick Barbarossa of Germany, King Phillip II of France, and King Richard the Lionheart, of England. However, this crusade achieved little. Frederick Barbarossa died along the way, and Phillip returned to Europe after the capture of Acre in 1191. Only Richard the Lionheart remained to lead the Christian armies. The Fourth Crusade, 1202-1204 After the Third Crusade, the Crusaders never really captured the power-that they had had before. In 1198, Pope Innocent III called for a new Crusade. This Crusade failed to get any monarchs. Led largely by French knights, the Crusade set out for the Holy Land in 1202 only to be distracted by Venetian lords who convinced them to capture the wealth and splendor of Eastern Orthodox Constantinople instead. So, rather than retake the Holy Land from Muslim rule, the Fourth Crusade sacked the capital of the Byzantine Empire, a Christian city. The Final Crusades, 1217-1272 The 5th Crusade was led by King Andrew II of hungary . He went first to the holy land then egypt , but failed . Legacy of the Crusades Although the Crusades only succeeded in establishing a limited rule over Jerusalem and the Holy Land, their impact was far and long-reaching. The Crusades contributed to the construction of many European castles and missions and gave more power to the Church. Chronicler of the Crusades The Christians were not the only ones to record the events of the Crusades, however. The Arab scholar and official Ibn al-Qalanisi set down his account of the First Crusade in The Damascus Chronicle.
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