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The History of Psychology
Transcript of The History of Psychology
Wilhelm Wundt created the first psychological laboratory where he discovered the basic structure of thought and brain.
1879 - 1895
Although Wundt is credited for many aspects of structuralism, he did not begin the school of structuralism, it was Edward Titchner.
Cherry, Kendra. "Who Founded Structuralism?" N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Aug. 2015.
Cherry, Kendra. "The First Experimental Psychology Lab, 1879." N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Aug. 2015.
"When Did Structural Functionalism Begin?" When Did Structural Functionalism Begin? N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Sept. 2015.
Talcott Parson was one of the most sociologist . He invented the AGIL scheme, which was part of a larger project in his book called "The Structure of Social Action".
The biggest American supporters in functionalism is William James and John Dewey. The article written in 1896 called "The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology" supports functionalism.
1890 - 1940
1896 - 1909
Perls, Hefferline, and Goodman all made contributions to the Gestalt research by writing "Gestalt Therapy : Excitement and Growth in the Human Personality."
An experiment was tested using motion pictures and lights. They discovered when lights were flashed in certain conditions, it would produce a smooth motion. This experiment led to conclude that our mind organizes all the parts to create one continuous motion picture.
1896 - 1940
1913 - 1985
Psychoanalysis was founded by Sigmund Freud, an Austrian neurologist, in 1896. Psychoanalysis aims to reveal repressed memories, or to make the unconscious, conscious. Psychoanalysis was mainly used as a treatment for depression.
Clark Hull believed that psychology could be converted into mathematical equations. He later published "Principles of Behavior", stating that stimulus-response is relied upon the kind and quantity of reinforcement.
A doctor and his patient during psychoanalysis
In 1895 Freud co-authored a book titled
Studies on Hysteria
. Freud noted that the roots of hysterical symptoms were memories deep within the unconscious. Him and his mentor also talk about the "talking cure" which was an early name for psychoanalytic therapy.
In 1913, John B. Watson founded the Behavior School of Psychology. He also published an article called "Psychology as the Behaviorist views it".
The baby was conditioned to fear furry things.
1970 - Present
Eclectic Psychology is a method of treating patients using two or more of the perspectives, based on the patients needs. This perspective started to gain popularity in the 1970s.
During the 19th century, eclectic became popular around the French culture. It influenced the school system into making it standard for French Schools.
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