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The Case Study of Eve White

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Dakota Lewis

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of The Case Study of Eve White

Background
Chris Costner Sizemore (called Eve White) was 25 years old when she was first referred to a doctor.
She had been experiencing 'severe and blinding headaches' as well as blackouts.
When no physical explanations were found, she was sent to a psychiatrist.
Diagnosis
During her interviews with the psychiatrist, another personality manifested itself.
She called herself "Eve Black" and was characterized as "mischievous and carefree."
White was therefore diagnosed with Multiple Personality Disorder (since renamed to Dissociative Identity Disorder).
Thigpen and Cleckley utilized a number of research methods, in order to study Sizemore's case, that provided both qualitative and quantitative data. These included interviews, hypnosis, observation, EEG tests, projective tests (personality tests), and psychometric tests (memory, ink blot, intelligence).
Eve Black
The therapists described Eve Black as 'characterized by irresponsibility and a shallowly hedonistic desire for excitement and pleasure'.
According to Eve Black, she had been around for all of Eve White's life.
She was aware of everything that had happened to Eve White, but the former had no knowledge of the latter's existence.
Black claimed she had the ability to erase certain parts of White's memory, and this was proved true in subsequent experiments.
Though Black became more capable of "letting herself out" as the therapy progressed, White also learned to occasionally suppress her.
Black still made her presence known during these times through headaches and voices.
The Case Study of Eve White...and Eve Black....and Jane....
Jackie Foss and Dakota Lewis
Strengths
This involved a large amount of data, both quantitative and qualitative.
Thigpen and Cleckley involved Eve's family, not only to help verify parts of Eve's story, but also to provide more information, such as what Eve was like during her "blackouts".
The researchers utilized the skills of other psychologists, asking them to perform multiple tests on Eve, including the EEG test, the psychometric tests, and the projective tests.
Thigpen & Cleckley (1954)
Generalizability is very difficult, given that the researchers have little to no way of knowing how typical Eve's case was of other people with Multiple Personality Disorder.
The study is retrospective, meaning that it requires the participant to remember events from their past.
Some of the observations made by the researchers are questionable, such as, "the therapist noted from the corner of his awareness something distinctly attractive about them, and also this was the first time he had received such an impression." Eve Black supposedly sent out "sexy signals in tune with her personalty."
These observations make it clear that Thigpen and Cleckley were not always entirely objective. This introduces bias, and also risks providing unreliable data.
Ethical issues were a major factor in this study. Did the therapists treat Eve like a patient, or as a subject? What was the morality in "killing" one or more of the personalities?
Differences Between Eve White and Eve Black
The therapists made note that Eve White and Eve Black had 'differing physical presences'.
Eve White scored 110 on an IQ test, while Eve Black scored 104.
White was shown to have better memory skills.
Black sometimes regressed to childish behavior.
White was an emotionally-repressed introvert; Black was an extrovert.
White was more mild-mannered and kind, as well as 'conventional and retiring', while Black was self-centered, 'carefree', and intolerant of White's marital problems.
Jane
Limitations
After eight months of intensive therapy, Eve White underwent a session of hypnosis, during which she abruptly stopped talking, looked around, and said, "Who are you?" to the therapist.
A third personality calling herself "Jane" had emerged.
Jane was the most confident and mature of the three, being much more accommodating than Eve Black and much more 'interesting' and 'responsible' than Eve White.
Thigpen and Cleckley essentially "chose" Jane as the personality that they believed should be the dominant one, and worked, through hypnosis, to make it so Jane could take control.
This was a person case study, as it investigated solely Sizemore, utilizing multiple research methods such as interviews, hypnosis, and psychometric tests.
The study is idiographic. An individual was studied in detail because of her unique condition, and the study used mostly qualitative methods. The results were not generalized to all people, but rather were used to try to better understand the disorder in general.
It is an intrinsic case study because it was selected for its own unique characteristics. The researchers' main goal was to understand and help Sizemore.
Characteristics of Study
Conclusions
Thigpen and Cleckley concluded that Sizemore definitely had a case of Multiple Personality Disorder.
They believed that Eve Black was an entirely independent personality with a life separate from Eve White, and White had no memory of events which occurred while Black was "out."
It was finally concluded that Jane was the best of the three personalities and that Sizemore would become healthy and functional again if Jane took pull possession.
Works Cited
Thigpen, C.H. & Cleckley, H. (1954) A case of multiple personality. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 49, 135-51
Holah, Mark. "Thigpen & Cleckley (1954): A case of multiple personality." AS Psychology. Web. <http://www.holah.karoo.net/thigpenstudy.htm>.
"Multiple Personality: The Three Faces of Eve." Www.oundleschool.org.uk. Oundle School. Web. <http://www.oundleschool.org.uk/academic/departments/psychology/AS%20resources/A_Level_Psychology_SM_Multiple_personality_poster.pdf>.
Christine. By Roy Hall. Perf. Siouxsie and the Banshees. YouTube. YouTube, 08 July 2008. Web. <https:/www.youtube.com/watch?v=jSSlxp0FAS8>.
The Three Faces of Eve (1957). Dir. Nunnally Johnson. Perf. Joanne Woodward, David Wayne, and Lee J. Cobb. YouTube. YouTube, 04 Sept. 2008. Web. <https:/www.youtube.com/watch?v=G-B0_m6fW94>.
She tries not to shatter, kaleidoscope style
Personality changes behind her red smile
Every new problem brings a stranger inside
Helplessly forcing one more new disguise

Christine, the strawberry girl
Christine, banana split lady
Christine, the strawberry girl
Christine, banana split lady

Singing sweet savages lost in our world
This big eyed girl sees her faces unfurl
Now's shes in purple now's shes the turtle
Disintegrating

Christine, the strawberry girl
Christine, banana split lady
Christine, the strawberry girl
Christine sees her faces unfurl

Now's shes in purple
Now's she the turtle
Disintegrating
Christine, Christine

Christine, the strawberry girl
Christine, banana split lady
Christine, the strawberry girl
Christine sees her faces unfurl

Christine, Christine, Christine
Christine turn into faces
Disintegrating
Christine, Christine
Disintegrating



by Siouxsie and The Banshees
Christine
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