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Senegal's Desertification

Period 8 Mrs. H.
by

hannah d

on 19 December 2013

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Transcript of Senegal's Desertification

Help Senegal Today!
Help fund a solution to
stop desertification
in Africa.

The Sahara is growing
and we need your help!

This is
around
where the Sahel is located.
This is Senegal.
Senegal suffers from desertification. Farmers must fight it! They need your help.
The Sahel
is the area in
Africa
where
forest
and
desert
meet. South of the
Sahel
is
forest
and grassland. North of the
Sahel
is the
Sahara

desert.

Desertification in Senegal
Over the years, people in Africa have been overgrazing. Overgrazing and droughts are two of the causes of desertification. Now farmers and communities in Senegal are paying the price for all the overgrazing and the lack of rain. It is extremely hard to plant in the sand, which is what people in northern Senegal must do to grow trees in the desert. The Sahara is quickly growing, and the people in Senegal are suffering.
Citations
•"Central Intelligence Agency." The World Factbook. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2013.
(https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sg.html)
•"Ideas Matter." Prezi.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2013.
(http://prezi.com/index/)
Desertification is when bad farming, overgrazing, and/or droughts cause soil to become sand, which makes the desert grow/ become larger.
What is
Desertification?
What causes Desertification?
Overgrazing, and bad use of the soil (planting too much of one crop) are ways humans cause desertification. Nature causes desertification in droughts (a long period of time with no rain).
What are the effects of Desertification?
One of the negative effects of desertification is that there are less trees. The sand that has formed from the soil cannot be used to plant or farm. People in Senegal have seen their yards turn into dry wastelands over the years. In the past, people cut down trees to sell firewood so they could make some "quick cash." Now firewood can't be found for their own households, let alone for selling. Desertification is also affecting the food in Africa. Already poor families are finding it harder to find money for food because they cannot sell crops anymore. And those who have money for food can't find anyone to buy food from!
There are forests around/in these countries in Africa. I bet the people living in the northern part of the Sahel would like to have as many trees as these countries have. You can help them grow that many trees. All we need is for you to donate money today to the Great Green Wall. Go to the next slide to find out more!
A Fundraiser:
Let's Go Walking!
Why help out?
My friends and I have won a grant to go to an African country and help it with one environmental issue. We have picked to help Senegal with its desertification problems by joining the Great Green Wall and planting trees on the border of the desert. The problem is that the grant only pays for our airfare, lodging, and food. So we need donations to buy trees and native plants. After all, money doesn't grow on trees.
How do
trees
help stop deserts from forming?
Bad farming is one of the reasons rich soil turned into sand. If you plant one certain crop too many times, the soil becomes useless. Once vegetation stopped growing from the soil near the desert, the soil loosened up, becoming sand overtime. Planting trees and other plants can keep the sand down, keeping the desert from growing and the sand from spreading.
Man planting in sandy soil
Great Green Wall
Plants at the edge of the desert
Place:

12-34 Maple Street Treeville, Treetopia
Date:
May 1, 2020
Time:
12:00 PM - 5:00 PM
Contact Us
: thegreatgreenwall.sengal@email.com
Come to the Walkathon!
Admission: $5
Come and walk with us! Make sure to bring a water bottle with you, comfy clothes, & sneaker because we'll be walking five miles around the park. It won't take us 5 hours (hopefully), but we want to give our slow risers time to get here. We will start walking at 1:00 PM and anyone who arrives late can catch up. Feel free to walk over 5 miles! Please pay admission at the park entrance. Only walkers and runners have to pay, any friends/family you bring to join the crowd don't. Profits will be donated to the Great Green Wall and used to buy plants for Senegal.
This is where the Sahara is located.
•The Independent. Independent Digital News and Media, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2013.
(http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/behind-the-rhetoric-what-is-really-being-done-to-combat-desertification-8660978.html)
•"The Great Green Wall." The Ecologist. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2013.
(http://www.theecologist.orgtrial_investigations/1480772the_great_green_wall.html)
Thanks for Watching!
And Please Donate!
By: Hannah D.
(The Tall One)
Full transcript