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roman painting and mosaic
Transcript of roman painting and mosaic
originally for the wealthy,
but later, for anyone!
Brittanica) -We can see various art styles today that look realistic, just like Roman paintings.
-Mosaics can be found in many places, such as bathroom tiles, flooring,or decorations in hotels and restaurants. - Mosaics are made when small tiles or cubes are set into wet plaster or cement(Encyclopædia Brittanica) Materials for Painting Walls and Portraits Materials for Mosaics Floors and Walls Questions -There were 4 different styles of Roman paintings. (Department of Greek and Roman Art) First Style-200-60 BC simulating marble or painted plaster or stone Second Style-first century BC shading,3d-like projections of architecture Third Style-27 BC-14 AD monochrome background with elaborate architectural details Fourth Style-20-79 AD white background, somewhat unrealistic, but somewhat realistic What was paint made of? minerals
(Mulch) Common Surfaces -Paint was either applied to wooden plaques to be placed on the wall or plaster on the wall.(McGeough)
-Paintings were sometimes found on wood and ivory.
(Department of Greek and Roman Art) Anything Else? -brushes were made of squirrel fur, hog bristles, and cat whiskers(Mulch) aww... how cute...wait, what ?! Roman Painting -mixing paint was often toxic, which could cause sores, scorched lungs, baldness, or death, so old slaves had to mix the paint.(Mulch) Walls
-1-3 coats of mortar, 1-3 coats of lime with powdered marble
-Walls were painted with colored pigments while they were
-When the paint was dry, sometimes, tempura paint or liquid wax covered the painting (Ramage) Portraits
-Once again, portrait paintings were very common, originally for wealthy people, later, anyone in
Rome could get their picture painted for a small price(Encyclopædia Brittanica) Style -Tesserae are small cubes of stone or similar material
-Signum are made of small chunks of stone or colored mortar
-Opus sectile are mosaics that are made of larger pieces of stone (but not cubes) that are cut in different shapes and put together
-Black and white mosaics and polychrome(colorful) mosaics colored pebbles
small ceramic pieces
(Encyclopædia Brittanica) What were tesserae made of ? How do they make the stones look like gold? -gold tesserae were made by putting gold leaf in between two pieces of glass.
(Encyclopædia Brittanica) Roman Mosaic Walls -Walls had tar or resin as a first layer, course mortar with sand or straw as the second layer, and smooth mortar for the third layer which held the tesserae.
-Mosaics had an appropriate theme in accordance to the room, i.e, water scenes for baths; human figures were personifications of cities, seasons, months, generally abstract concepts(Encyclopædia Brittanica) Floors -Mortar was used to hold the tiles to the ground. It was in 3 layers, with a stone foundation underneath to keep from cracking(Encyclopædia Brittanica)
-High quality designs, or emblemata were set into the floor(Encyclopædia Brittanica) -and they just look awesome...:) 2. How many styles of Roman painting were there? 1. Name at least 2 materials for tesserae. 3. Why couldn't painters mix the paint and old slaves had to mix for them? 4. Where have you seen a mosaic before? "Classical Roman Painting." Historyofpainters.com. Ed. Millard Mulch. N.p., 2011. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://www.historyofpainters.com/romanart.htm>.
Department of Greek and Roman Art. "Roman Painting." Metmuseum.org. Department of Greek and Roman Art, 02 Mar. 2013. Web. 02 Mar. 2013. <http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/ropt/hd_ropt.htm>.
"Greek and Roman Art." School.eb.com. Encyclopædia Brittanica, 2013. Web. 25 Feb. 2013. <http://school.eb.com/comptons/article-201750>.
Marks, Anthony, Graham Tingay, Ian Jackson, Gerald Wood, Jane Chisholm, and Eileen O'Brien. "Decorations." Usborne Internet-linked Romans. New York: Scholastic, 2004. 37. Print.
McGeough, Kevin M. "Roman Mosaics." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2004. Web. 26 Feb. 2013. <http://ancienthistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Results?q=1706987>.
McGeough, Kevin M. "Roman Painting." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2004. Web. 26 Feb. 2013. <http://ancienthistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Results?q=1706981>.
"Mosaic." School.eb.com. Encyclopedia Brittanica, 2013. Web. 26 Feb. 2013. <http://school.eb.com/comptons/article-204907>.
Ramage, Kelly. "Roman Wall Painting." Accla.org. Ancient Coin Club of Los Angeles, June 2005. Web. 04 Mar. 2013. <http://www.accla.org/actaaccla/r Answers 1. colored pebbles, stone, shells,
small ceramic pieces, mother-of-pearl, enamels, and terra cotta 2. 4 3.mixing paint was often toxic 4. answers may vary you can start clapping now. THESIS STATEMENT:
Ancient Roman art has similarities and differences to modern art and has numerous influences in our culture today. :) kthxbai ~