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Haiti Earthquake: Its Impact and how Canada helped
Transcript of Haiti Earthquake: Its Impact and how Canada helped
What is the Haiti Earthquake?
The 2010 Haiti Earthquake: Its Impact and how Canada helped
In the Earth, there are these slabs of rock beneath the surface call tectonic plates. The places where these plates meet up are called faults. Usually these plates will meet up, but sometimes get stuck and that creates a lot of pressure in the plates. This build-up gets released in seismic waves which creates earthquakes. Usually there are over 100 earthquakes a day, but we just don't feel them.
What causes an earthquake?
What scale was used to measure the Haiti Earthquake?
Canada gave medical aid to Haiti. Major organizations such as Red Cross, PLAN and CARE. Following the earthquake, the Canadian Forces (CF) dispatched approximately 2,000 personnel from the Army, Navy and Air Force to provide search and rescue, medical care, humanitarian assistance, such as food and water delivery, and security and engineering services. CF personnel provided nearly 1.5 million meals, 2.6 million liters of potable water and medical care for over 22,000 people in the aftermath of the earthquake.
How did Canada help?
CARE's goal is to improve the health, food, education, economy, sanitation and homes of Haiti. CARE’s emergency response team delivered life-saving food, water, shelter and other vital services to 290,000 Haitians. CARE also built 2,550 transitional shelters to house roughly 13,400 people and built and rehabilitated 2,500 latrines and showers. CARE focuses for women's empowerment in Haiti as they think women could help greatly in the recovery.
PLAN'S goal for Haiti was to give health care and basic nutrition, quality education for boys and girls, household economic security, and youth and community leadership. PLAN's emergency response provided 22,000 people with tents and basic living needs, helped 33,000 children come back to school and disinfecting areas that are prone to disease. PLAN is looking to improve education, female rights, birth registration (due to child trafficking and to have a legal identity), and health in Haiti.
The Red Cross has sent 14,400 tons of supplies, 2.5 million litres of water, built 7,500 homes, and offering rent money to 2,089 families. The primary goal of the Red Cross for Haiti relief is to give quality health services to improve young Haitians' health, lifespan, and resilience to disease. They are working towards this by training health care professionals, curing 2,300 Haitians of cholera, and rehabilitating health centers.
The earthquake measured 7.0 on the Moment Magnitude scale. The way the Moment Magnitude scale measures larger earthquakes with a magnitude of 5 or over more accurately than the Richter Scale and it analyzes the area of the fault's rupture and how much the fault slips. Another tool called the seismometer measures the movements and seismic waves (waves of energy caused by an earthquake) in the ground.
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Why does Canada help and why is it important?
Canada helps because Canada has a lot of resources such as having freshwater and oil. We have extra resources that will be able to use for other countries in need. This is important because other countries are not as fortunate, they need to have substantial living standards and rights, and need to thrive and have the resources to accomplish that.
Why shouldn't Canada help?
Canada may run out of resources and won't be able to give more. Other countries may start to get more greedy and have conflicts with Canada. Organizations have to have and fund a lot of money in order to help impoverished countries. Specific people are usually hired in order to do the job.