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Medical Terms are Formed from different word parts: 1. Prefi

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Helaine Alessio

on 7 October 2013

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Transcript of Medical Terms are Formed from different word parts: 1. Prefi

Medical Terms are formed from :
1. Prefix 2. Word Root 3. Suffix

Word Roots
the main part of a word providing the basic meaning
Suffixes
At the end of the word.
Carries underlying meaning.
Can combine forms.
What do you know?
Prefix
Beginning of the medical term.
Contributes to the meaning of the medical term.
Gives information about size, quantity, position, location of the medical term.

a ----------> without
ab ---------> away from
ambi -------> around, both
ana ---------> toward, up
ante -------> before
anti --------> against
auto -------> self
Prefixes starting with "a"
Prefixes starting with "b"
brachy ----------> short
brady -----------> slow
Prefixes starting with "c"
contra ----------> against

Prefixes starting with "d"
dys ---------> abnormal
Prefixes starting with "h"
hemi ==========> half
hyper ----------> above normal
hypo -----------> below normal

Prefixes starting with "p"
pan -------> all
pro ---------> before; forward
Prefixes starting with "r"
re ----------> again, backward
retro -------> behind, backward
rhino ------> nose
Prefixes starting with "s"
semi ----------> half
supra ---------> above, over
Prefixes starting with "t"
tachy ----------> fast
Prefixes starting with "u"
un ----------> not
Word roots and their meanings
starting with "a"
acanth-o -------> spiny, thorny
actin-o ---------> light
aer-o -----------> air, gas
arterio ---------> arteries
athero ----------> plaque, fatty substance
Word roots and their meanings
starting with "b"
bacill -i ------->bacilli, bacteria
bar -o -------> weight, pressure
blasto --------> immature cell
Word roots and their meanings
starting with "c"
carcin-o -----------> cancer
chrondro ----------> cartilage
cry-o --------------> cold
crypt-o ------------> hidden
cyan-o ------------> blue
cyt-o --------------> cell
Word roots and their meanings
starting with "d"
dextr-o -----------------> right
dips-o ------------------> thirst
dors-o ------------------>. back
Word roots and their meanings
starting with "e"
encephalic --------> brain
erythro-o -----------> red
esthesio ------------> sensation, perception
Word roots and their meanings
starting with "g"
galact-o --------> milk
glucoo ----------> glucose
gero -------------> old age
glyco ------------> sugars
gyn-o -----------> women

Word roots and their meanings
starting with "h and k"
home-o ------------> same
hyster --------------> uterus
kin-o ---------------> movement
kinesi-o ------------> motion
Word roots and their meanings
starting with "l " and "m"
lact-o ------------> milk
leuk-o -----------> white
litho-o -----------> stone

mio ---------------> smaller, less
Word roots and their meanings
starting with "n" and "o"
narco -------------------> sleep, numb
necro -------------------> death,, dying
noct(i) -------------------> night

oncho ------------------> tumor
Word roots and their meanings
starting with "p"
path-o ---------> disease
phago ---------> eating
phono-o -------> sound, voice
pseudo --------> false
pyo ------------> pus
pyro -----------> fever
Word roots and their meanings
starting with "s"
salping-o --------> tube
schiz-o ----------> split, division
sclero-o ---------> hardening
scolio ------------> crooked, bent
somato ----------> body
spiro ------------> breath, breathe
Word roots and their meanings
starting with "t"
tell-o -----------> distant, end, complete
tono ------------> tension, pressure
tropho ----------> food, nutrition
Word roots and their meanings
starting with "x"
xanth-o -------------> yellow
xeno ----------------> stranger
xer-o ----------------> dry
Suffixes beginning with "a"
-ad ----------> toward
-algia --------> pain
-astehnia ----> weakness
Suffixes beginning with "b" and "c"
-blast -------> immature, forming

-cidal -------> destroying, killing
-clast -------> breaking
-crine -------> secreting
-crit ---------> separate
-cyte --------> cell
-cytosis -----> condition of cells
Suffixes beginning with "d"
-derma --------> skin
-dynia ----------> pain
Suffixes beginning with "e"
-ectasis --------> expanding, dilating
-ectomy -------> removal of
-emesis -------> vomiting
-emia --------> blood
-esthesia -----> sensation
Suffixes beginning with "g"
-genesis --------> development of
-globin ----------> protein
-gram -----------> a recording
-graph ----------> recording instrument
-graphy ---------> process of recording
Suffixes beginning with "i" and "k"
-ic ----------> pertaining to
-ism --------> condition, disease
-itis ---------> inflammation

-kinesia ----> movement
Suffixes beginning with "l" and "m"
-logist -------> one who practices
-lysis --------> destruction of

-malacia ----> softening
-mania ------> obsession
-megaly -----> enlargement
Suffixes beginning with "o"
-oid --------> like, resembling
-opia ------> vision
-ostomy ----> opening
Suffixes beginning with "p"
-para -------> bearing
-pathy ------> disease
-penia ------> deficiency
-pepsia -----> digestion
-pexy -------> fixation
-phage -----> eating, devouring
-phobia -----> fear
-phonia -----> sound
-phrenia ----> of the mind
-phylaxis ----> protection
-plasty ------> surgical repair
-plegia ------> paralysis
-pnea -------> breath
-ptosis ------> falling down, drooping
Suffixes beginning with "r" and "s"
-rrhagia ------> heavy discharge
-rrhaphy -----> surgical suturing
-rrhea ------> profuse flow, discharge
-rrhexis ------> rupture

-stasis -------> stopping, constant
-stenosis ----> narrowing

Suffixes beginning with "t"
-tomy -------> cutting operation
-trophy ------> nutrition
-tropia --------> turning
Build a medical term for:
Summary
Medical terms are formed from two or more word parts.
Prefix
Word Root
Suffix
A vowel can be added to either part of the word root to form a medical term.
Don't click the arrow until you connect the term with the meaning in the words above
excessive bleeding
running nose
study of disease
study of skin disease
red blood cell
not normal
below the stomach
slow heart rate
removal of entire uterus incl cervix
without a brain
development of cancer
inflammation of the pancreas
narrowing of the arteries
Answers:

hemo rrhage --> hemorrhage
rhino rrhea --> rhinorrhea
path ology --> pathology
derma tology --> dermatology
erythro cyte --> erythrocyte
ab normal --> abnormal
hypo gastr ic --> hypogastric
brady card ia --> bradycardia



pan histor ectomy --> pan historectomy
an encephalic --> anencephalic
onco genesis --> oncogenesis
pancre t itis --> pancreatitis
arterio stenosis --> arteriostenosis
Full transcript