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Farming During the Industrial Revolution
Transcript of Farming During the Industrial Revolution
discovered planting clover and other legumes helped restore the fertility of the soil
increased amount of food
Lord Townshend came up with four-course crop rotation: wheat, turnips, oats/barley, clover Jenna Moore and Samantha Sanders Farming During the Industrial Revolution Crop Rotation old plows made for light and sandy soil of New England; rich and heavy Midwestern soil clung to these plows and slowed the farmers down
1836 - blacksmith John Deere invented lightweight plow with steel cutting edge that made farming in the Midwest much less work
throughout Industrial Revolution, Deere improved his plow several times
1837 - John Deere company was founded
by end of the Industrial Revolution, the company was providing plows, cultivators, harrows, drills, planters, wagons, and buggies to farmers John Deere Impact these new inventions, along with others, linked different regions and contributed to national unity
by having new and more productive farm equipment, Midwestern farmers grew more food to feed Northeastern factory workers
many Midwestern farmers became a common market for Northeastern manufactured goods
growth of Northeastern textile mills increased demand for Southern cotton which further lead to an expansion of slavery in the South Other Inventions Jethro Tull invented seed drill and horse hoe
Cyrus McCormick patented the mechanical reaper- cut ripe grain
threshing machine- separated kernels of wheat from their husks Works Cited http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1981/2/81.02.06.x.html
Creating America: A History of the United States by Jesus Garcia, Donna M. Ogle, C. Frederick Risinger, and Joyce Stevos cotton gin- cotton farming moved beyond Atlantic coastal states, plantations struggled to stay profitable