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A Social Studies GIS Lesson Using Local Manitoba Caribou Data
Transcript of A Social Studies GIS Lesson Using Local Manitoba Caribou Data
October 18, 2012 Data Prep. 1 Presentation Outline 1. Project Objectives and Partners
Manitoba Model Forest
Eastern Manitoba Woodland Caribou Advisory Committee
2. GIS Woodland Caribou Lesson Plan
3. Lesson Access Manitoba Woodland Caribou Map: Steven Fick, Canadian Geographic Photo: Dennis Brannen 1. Create a GIS lesson plan for Grade 10 Social Studies students
Use local Manitoba woodland caribou GPS data
Use Forest Resource Inventory (FRI) data
Use ArcView ArcGIS 9.3, 10.x software without extensions Project Objectives 2. Add a GIS component to the Manitoba Model Forest (MBMF) curriculum supplement to “Geographic Issues of the 21st Century” http://www.manitobamodelforest.net/MB_education.html Project Partners Objective 1 Objective 2 Objective 3 3. Enhance public awareness of woodland caribou through GIS education Manitoba
Conservation and Water Stewardship Manitoba Model Forest not-for-profit, non-government organization involved in sustainable forest management and community development in forested regions of Manitoba MBMF area is located approximately 100 km northeast of the City of Winnipeg--1.05 million ha of boreal forest established in 1992, as part of the Model Forest Program of the Canadian government EMWCAC a member of the Canadian Model Forest Network since 2007 Areas of interest include: sustainable forest management, community development, Aboriginal involvement, climate change, non-timber forest products, wildlife (including endangered species such as woodland caribou), woodlots and youth education and training Research areas focus on:
Biomonitoring -- permanent sample plots
Stream monitoring – water quality, fire/logging impacts
Wildlife monitoring – moose, wolves, woodland caribou Education
Private woodlot owners
Students http://www.modelforest.net/index.php?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&layout=category&Itemid=1&lang=en The Eastern Manitoba Woodland Caribou Advisory Committee (EMWCAC) was established in 1994 by the Manitoba Model Forest
The purpose of the EMWCAC is to research, develop and recommend conservation strategies for boreal woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) in eastern Manitoba. EMWCAC Objectives include:
Habitat: ensure that sufficient habitat is maintained within caribou ranges to secure the long-term viability of populations
Mortality: minimize impacts of human activity on mortality (habitat alteration)
Public Education and Awareness GIS Lesson Plan Introduction Objectives Introduces Manitoba Grade 10 Social Studies students to GIS using boreal woodland caribou data collected using GPS
Assumes that basic GIS concepts have been introduced in class 1. use a variety of ArcView ArcGIS skills to perform analysis regarding boreal woodland caribou in eastern Manitoba;
2. examine woodland caribou habitat use by season using forest resources inventory information;
3. prepare a map of your analysis results;
4. use critical analysis to discuss your results and the benefits of using a GIS You are a GIS Analyst working for Manitoba Conservation. The provincial Caribou Biologist has asked you to process a dataset of boreal woodland caribou locations captured using Global Positioning Systems (GPS). Your job is to explore this boreal woodland caribou data. Scenario Tasks 1. Prepare the GPS location data and bring it into ArcView GIS;
2. Analyze the caribou locations by:
displaying the data within ArcGIS;
calculating mean centers (averages) of seasonal caribou locations;
overlaying all locations with habitat information from the provincial forest resources inventory (FRI);
generating graphs of seasonal habitat use;
3. Create a map that displays caribou seasonal locations and the analysis results Data Preparation 1. convert a text file of GPS locations captured between 1995 and 1997 into a GIS point file with spatial information. 2. The second data preparation task is to create a second GIS point file by selecting only those caribou locations collected during 1996. Data Prep. 2 Data Analysis 1 Data Analysis Data Analysis 2 Data Analysis 3 Part A: Displaying Caribou Locations
displaying the 1996 caribou locations by season (category) can provide an understanding of how caribou use their landscape in time and space. Part B: Seasonal Mean Centres
The mean center is the average x-coordinate and average y-coordinate of all the caribou locations.
Calculated to examine where, on average, woodland caribou locate themselves during the fall, winter, spring and summer months. Part C: Seasonal Habitat Use
Quantify caribou seasonal habitat use by intersecting the 1996 caribou locations with the forest inventory.
Seasonal habitat use is quantified by calculating the frequency of seasonal caribou locations using the Summary Statistics tool. Data Analysis 4 Part D: Graph Seasonal Habitat Use
Graphs of seasonal habitat use are created in ArcGIS by first selecting the seasonal records then using the Create Graph Wizard. Map Creation The final lesson step is the creation of a map of the analysis results.
The map should display the forest inventory, streams and provincial parks with the following caribou analysis outputs:
the 1996 caribou locations coloured by season;
the four seasonal mean center locations;
the four seasonal habitat use graphs Manitoba Conservation (Dennis Brannen, Tim Swanson)
Manitoba Model Forest (Bob Austman)
GeoManitoba (Greg Carlson) Acknowledgements Lesson Access Manitoba Model Forest website http://www.manitobamodelforest.net/MB_education.html esri Canada website http://www.esri.ca/en_education/5347.asp