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Transcript of Holocaust
During the Holocaust, there were many concentration camps. These camps are all very well-known.
Auschwitz-Birkenau was one of the largest concentration camps during the Holocaust. It was divided into sections that were separated by electrified barbed-wire fences and was controlled by SS guards. The camp held facilities for killing prisoners which included gas chambers. Nazis shooting prisoners were also part of the execution.
History of the Camps
Around the 1930's, the Nazis established about 20,000 concentration camps to hold prisoners. These camps were used as forced- labor camps, transit camps, and extermination camps. Most prisoners that were at these camps were German communists, socialists, Roma, social democrats, homosexuals, and people accused of socially deviant behavior.
Belzec was an extermination camp located in Poland. SS officials forced Jews deported from Lublin District and other parts of the general government to the Belzec labor camp. The Belzec concentration camp was one of the smallest camps, measuring the circumference of 1,220 yards. This camp murdered about 600,000 Jews and thousands of Gypsies.
The Westerbork camp is located in the northeastern part of Netherlands. The Dutch government established the Westerbork camp to intern Jewish refugees who had entered the Netherlands equally. The camp continued to function after the German invasion of the Netherlands in the May of 1940. The Westerbork camp also had a "double life". While most of the prisoners stayed at the camp temporarily, 2,000 stayed at the permanent camp. Westerbork was liberated on April 2, 1945.
Almost all of the camps were labor camps. In the labor camps, prisoners were forced to engage in hard work and be used as slaves. They were made to work from early morning to night with insufficient amount of food.
After the prisoners were killed, the Nazis would place the prisoner in an oven and burn their body. They would burn the bodies at 1,500- 1,900 degrees fahrenheit. It would take about 3 hours to cremate an entire body.
Dachau was one of the first concentration camps built. It was located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the northeastern part of the town Dachau. During the first year, the camp held about 4,800 prisoners. A few years later, the camp became a place where all SS officers would want to work.